Encarnación, Paraguay

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Encarnación
Nuestra Señora de la Encarnación de Itapúa
City
Encarnacion Skyline
Encarnacion Skyline
Flag of Encarnación
Flag
Coat of arms of Encarnación
Coat of arms
Encarnación is located in Paraguay
Encarnación
Encarnación
Coordinates: 27°19′48″S 55°52′48″W / 27.33000°S 55.88000°W / -27.33000; -55.88000
Country Paraguay
Department Itapúa
Founded March 25, 1615
Government
 • Intendant Joel Maidana
Area
 • Total 558 km2 (215 sq mi)
Elevation 91 m (299 ft)
Population (2002)
 • Total 93,497 (2,002 census)
 • Density 249/km2 (640/sq mi)
Time zone AST (UTC-04)
 • Summer (DST) ADT (UTC-03)
Area code(s) +595 71
Website www.encarnacion.gov.py

Encarnación (Spanish pronunciation: [eŋkarnaˈsjon]) is the capital city of the Paraguayan department of Itapúa, located at the south-east of the department, on the right-hand (western) shore of the Paraná River, opposite Posadas, Argentina. The city has an area of 558 km² and a population of 93,497 (2002 Census).

Encarnación is connected to the Argentinian city of Posadas by the San Roque González de Santa Cruz Bridge. The city is located on Route 1, some 370 km (225 miles) from Asunción, and located on Route 6, some 280 km (175 miles) from Ciudad del Este.

The "Teniente Amín Ayub González Airport" (IATA: ENO, ICAO: SGEN), at coordinates 27°13′23″S 55°50′03″W, is 12 kilometres from the city, is the third most important airport of the country.

Demography[edit]

Encarnación is the capital of the department of Itapúa and has a total population of 93,497 and an urban population of 67,173 according to the 2002 National Census.[1]

Most of the inhabitants are of mixed Spanish and Amerindian descent as in the rest of Paraguay but there are also minorities of Germans, Ukrainians and Poles[citation needed]. In fact this is the largest settlement of Ukrainians in Paraguay.

History[edit]

The mission called Anunciación de Itapua was founded by the Paraguayan Jesuit San Roque González de Santa Cruz on March 25, 1615 on the southern side of the Paraná river.[2] That mission was relocated to the north side in the current location of the city in 1703 under the name Encarncación de Itapua. It gained in importance after the coming of the railway in 1854[citation needed].

In 1957, the city was made the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Encarnación[citation needed].

Because of its mild climate Encarnación is often called "The Pearl of the South"[citation needed]. Encarnación was the birthplace of Alfredo Stroessner, general and head of state of Paraguay from 1954 to 1989.

Lately, the city experienced a radical change, with the loss of the "Zona Baja" because the "Plan de Terminación Yacyretá" (Termination plan of Yacyretá) giving way to a renewed modern city with wide avenues, bridges, etc. .

Tourism[edit]

San José Beach

Lately Encarnación has become the tourism capital of the country, with its wide beaches and newly completed waterfront boardwalk attracting more than 300,000 people each summer.[citation needed]

It is also the Carnival Capital of Paraguay, a yearly celebration of mostly Brazilian music and dance in February generally.[citation needed]

The city is located near the Jesús and Trinidad Jesuit Ruins, declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 1993.

Climate[edit]

Encarnación has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa). The summers are very hot and humid, and winters are temperate and cool. Due to its geographical position in the extreme south of the country Encarnación is the coldest city in Paraguay.

Encarnación registered snowfall in the winter of 1975, the first time in the history of Paraguay.

The annual mean temperature is 21 °C (70 °F). The annual mean relative humidity is 77%.

Climate data for Encarnación, Paraguay
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 33
(91)
32
(90)
31
(88)
27
(81)
24
(75)
22
(72)
22
(72)
24
(75)
25
(77)
28
(82)
30
(86)
32
(90)
27.5
(81.6)
Average low °C (°F) 21
(70)
20
(68)
19
(66)
15
(59)
12
(54)
10
(50)
10
(50)
11
(52)
13
(55)
15
(59)
17
(63)
19
(66)
15.2
(59.3)
Precipitation mm (inches) 157
(6.18)
166
(6.54)
136
(5.35)
173
(6.81)
150
(5.91)
151
(5.94)
107
(4.21)
106
(4.17)
152
(5.98)
214
(8.43)
161
(6.34)
180
(7.09)
1,853
(72.95)
Source: The Weather Network 1971-2000[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Atlas Censal del Paraguay - Itapúa, 2002.
  2. ^ Gonzalez Torres, Dionisio (2010). Origen e Hisoria de lo pueblos del Paraguay. Asuncion, Paraguay: Servilibro. 
  3. ^ (Spanish) "Usual weather Encarnación". http://freemeteo.com. Retrieved Nov 9, 2008. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 27°20′S 55°54′W / 27.333°S 55.900°W / -27.333; -55.900