Encinal water tower
Location of Encinal, Texas
|• Total||0.4 sq mi (1.0 km2)|
|• Land||0.4 sq mi (1.0 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||558 ft (170 m)|
|• Density||1,616.4/sq mi (624.1/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1335452|
Encinal is a city in La Salle County, Texas, United States. The population was 629 at the 2000 census. Interstate 35 Business runs through the community. There are few businesses in Encinal; most have closed along the main street.
Railroad officials named the town for the Spanish word for oak grove. The population peaked in 1937 at eight hundred residents. A rattlesnake measuring 5 feet, 7 inches was captured in Encinal in 1972.
Encinal may be named for the Spanish word for a holm or holly oak grove. The town was supposed to be the county seat for Encinal County which was established on 1 February 1856 and was to consist of the eastern portion of Webb County, Texas. The county was never organized and was finally dissolved on 12 March 1899. The Encinal territory was absorbed into Webb County, and Encinal became part of La Salle County.
Encinal is located at (28.041584, -99.356192).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2), all of it land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 629 people, 215 households, and 159 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,616.4 people per square mile (622.7/km²). There were 276 housing units at an average density of 709.2/sq mi (273.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 74.56% White, 0.16% African American, 0.32% Native American, 23.05% from other races, and 1.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 91.26% of the population.
There were 215 households out of which 40.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.2% were married couples living together, 17.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.6% were non-families. 22.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.93 and the average family size was 3.50.
In the city the population was spread out with 31.8% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 101.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $14,853, and the median income for a family was $18,125. Males had a median income of $18,250 versus $13,750 for females. The per capita income for the city was $6,928. About 37.2% of families and 38.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 42.9% of those under age 18 and 30.2% of those age 65 or over.
- Encinal is within the Cotulla Independent School District.
- Joe B. Finley (1924-2011), former owner of the Callaghan Ranch in northern Webb County but with an Encinal address; co-founder of United Independent School District
- Janet Krueger, an artist of South Texas ranching life, resides in Encinal, former professor at Texas A&M International University in Laredo
- Rodney Lewis, CEO of Lewis Energy, has a ranch in Encinal.
Juan Light Salinas (1901-1995)lived on his ranch south of Encinal; world class tie-down calf roper, National Cowboy Hall of Fame inductee 1991;made the World Championship Rodeo at Madison Square Garden, New York City, 1936 to 1946. Subject of Tio Cowboy, his biography, by his nephew Ricardo D. Palacios, (Texas A & M University Press.
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Encinal has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Encinal, Texas. TexasEscapes.com.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Helman, Christopher; and Jesse Bogan (August 13, 2008), "A Wildcatter in Love with Warbirds", Forbes Magazine
- Climate Summary for Encinal, Texas