The painting's hurried lines accentuate a vibrant, moving field. The whole painting seems to pulsate with life, even though only one human is shown. It is the most topographically accurate of four views of a wheat field at the base of the Alpilles. Van Gogh intended this piece to be a pendant with the painting The Reaper. Van Gogh's iconic style and layering embrace the canvas, making the viewer's eye travel all around the painting. Enclosed Field with Peasant is a great example of Van Gogh's late work, where his dynamic brush strokes take control of the painting.
Enclosed Field with Peasant was inherited by van Gogh's brother, Theo van Gogh after his brother's death. He gave the painting to his wife, Johanna van Gogh-Bonger as a gift. In May 1905, if was sold to Paul Cassirer, and then to Robert von Mendelssohn. It was inherited by his wife, Giulietta von Mendelssohn, upon his death, and upon her death, was passed to her children, Elenora and Francesco von Mendelssohn. It was given on consignment to J.K. Thannhauser in New York, from where it was sold to Mrs. Caroline Mermon Fesler. Mrs. Fesler gave the painting to the John Herron Art Institute, now known as the Indianapolis Museum of Art, in 1944.