Encore (TV network)

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Encore
Encore Logo 2013.jpg
Launched April 1, 1991 (1991-04-01)
Owned by Starz Inc.
Picture format 1080i (HDTV)
480i (SDTV)
Slogan Playing Favorites (primary)
Encore: So Classic Its Original (secondary)
Country United States
Language English
Spanish (Encore Español only and via SAP audio track; some films may be broadcast in their native language and subtitled into English)
Broadcast area Nationwide
Headquarters Meridian, Colorado
Sister channel(s) Starz, MoviePlex
Timeshift service Encore East, Encore West,
Encore Action East,
Encore Action West,
Encore Black East,
Encore Black West,
Encore Español East,
Encore Classic East,
Encore Classic West,
Encore Español West,
Encore Family East,
Encore Family West,
Encore Suspense East,
Encore Suspense West,
Encore Westerns East,
Encore Westerns West
Website Encore official site
Encore Play
Availability
Satellite
DirecTV 535 Encore (East; HD/SD)
536 Encore (West) (SD only)
537 Encore Classic (SD only)
538 Encore Westerns (SD only)
539 Encore Suspense (SD only)
540 Encore Black (SD only)
541 Encore Action (HD/SD)
542 Encore Family (SD only)
1535 Encore On Demand
Dish Network 340 Encore (East; HD/SD)
341 Encore (West) (SD only)
342 Encore Westerns (SD only)
343 Encore Action (SD only)
344 Encore Suspense (SD only)
345 Encore Black (SD only)
346 Encore Classic (SD only)
347 Encore Family (SD only)
Cable
Available on most U.S. cable systems Cablevision:349 Encore On Demand 350:Encore 351:Encore Action 352:Encore Suspense 353:Encore Westerns 354:Encore Classic 355:Encore Black 356:Encore Family 357:Encore West 816:Encore HD
IPTV
Verizon FiOS 348–360 (SD)
850 Encore (east; HD)
AT&T U-verse 932-944 (SD)
1932 Encore (east; HD)
1933 Encore (west; HD)
1938 Encore Action (HD)

Encore is an American premium cable and satellite television channel that is owned by Starz Inc..[1] Its programming features mainly older and recent theatrically released feature films, although some of its multiplex channels also carry acquired television series. The headquarters of Encore and its sister channels Starz and MoviePlex are located at the Meridian International Business Center complex in Meridian, Colorado.[2]

As of August 2013, Encore's programming is available to approximately 41,696,000 television households (36.51% of cable, satellite and telco customers) in the United States (40,621,000 subscribers or 35.57% of all households with pay television service receive at least Encore's primary channel).[3] This outpaces HBO's 32.4 million pay subscribers (as of August 2013) to make Encore the largest premium channel by overall reach in the United States.[3][4] Encore has a higher subscriber base because, although Starz and Encore are often sold together in a singular package, some digital cable, telco and satellite providers offer the Encore multiplex separately from Starz as part of an a la carte tier in which it is packaged with other commercial-free and advertiser-supported film-oriented channels (such as Epix, FX Movie Channel and LMN). Therefore, Encore subscribers do not necessarily have to subscribe to Starz in order to receive the channel.

History[edit]

Early focus on 1960s, 1970s and 1980s movies[edit]

Encore launched at 9 p.m. ET on April 1, 1991, on four cable systems that were operated by Tele-Communications Inc. (both TCI and Liberty Media, both of which jointly owned Encore initially, were controlled by John Malone). The channel debuted with an introduction by founder John Sie, who served as the president of the network from its launch until 1999 and CEO until his retirement in 2004,[5] which was then followed by Encore's first movie telecast, the 1980 film 9 to 5.[6] Encore was the first major U.S. premium channel to debut in almost 11 years, since Cinemax launched on August 1, 1980 – at the time of Encore's launch, Cinemax, HBO, Showtime and The Movie Channel were its only competitors (Encore was the only upstart premium channel that managed to gain any headway with those services; other premium channels that debuted prior to Encore's launch, such as Spotlight and Home Theater Network, were unable to compete with those four channels and would eventually shut down during the prior decade).

Initially, Encore's focus was on movies released primarily during the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s, with some releases from the 1950s mixed in; the channel was formatted similarly to American Movie Classics at the time, with hosted introductions leading into the movies. Breaks between films on Encore during its early years were quite lively, consisting less of promotions and more of trivia and nostalgia, fitting in with Encore's motto "The Movies of Your Life." The channel even ran a daytime segment during breaks that informed viewers about programs that were scheduled to air on competing premium channels during the prime time hours that evening. The channel had initially broadcast films from Warner Bros. Pictures (owned by Time Warner, which ironically is the parent company of rival pay services HBO and Cinemax), Columbia Pictures/TriStar Pictures, Orion Pictures, 20th Century Fox, The Samuel Goldwyn Company, Paramount Pictures (which also ironically came under ownership of Showtime and The Movie Channel's then-parent company Viacom in 1994), Turner Entertainment and MGM/United Artists.[7] The channel was formatted as a "mini-pay" service, available to subscribers for a $1 monthly fee.[8]

TCI initially offered Encore as a negative option, in which customers were required to notify TCI if they declined to subscribe to the channel full-time after an introductory offer, or TCI would automatically add on a $1 charge to their monthly bill, which would have then increased to $4.95 per month by May 1992; the negative option fee led to lawsuits filed against TCI by ten states, eventually causing TCI to back away from using this billing method for the channel.[9][10] Many other cable providers were reluctant to offer Encore in its early years due to concerns that it would cannibalize subscriptions of other premium services.[11] However, Sie positioned the channel as such that would bolster the growth of what had been a lagging pay television industry, as premium channels had been seeing a steady decline in subscribers overall since the late 1980s.[6]

Around the time of its launch, there was some debate as to whether Viacom or TCI originally conceived the idea for Encore; Viacom executives insisted that TCI lifted part of the idea from Viacom-owned Showtime Networks (which would launch a similarly formatted mini-pay service, Flix, in August 1992).[12] John Sie said in a 1991 interview with Multichannel News that TCI brought up the Encore network concept as a way to revitalize Showtime, either by launching a new tertiary pay service from scratch or overhauling the format of Showtime sister network The Movie Channel. Incidentally, TCI made a failed bid to acquire a 50% ownership stake in Showtime in 1989.[13] Encore had increased its subscriber base to an estimated seven million subscribers nationwide by 1996.[14]

On January 1, 1997, Encore launched a new pay service called MoviePlex (originally named "Encore Plex" for its first few months on the air)[15] which replaced a Liberty Media-owned network called INTRO Television, that ran blocks of programming from other cable channels.[16] Until it adopted a separate film schedule in 2011,[17] MoviePlex originally carried programming blocks from Encore's multiplex channels (which differed from that day's actual schedules for each channel to exclude R-rated movies) on a rotating day-to-day schedule. On June 2, 1997, TCI announced a deal in which it would transfer majority ownership of its Encore Media Group subsidiary to sister company Liberty Media, due in part to the significant profit losses incurred by Starz following that channel's launch – TCI retained a minority 20% ownership interest until its 1999 merger with AT&T Corporation, when Liberty Media assumed full ownership of the Encore Media Group.[18] By May 1998, Encore had a subscriber base of 11.4 million homes with cable or satellite television.[19]

Format change with addition of recent movies[edit]

As the channel aged, it adopted a more conventional presentation style: first in 1998, Encore began to carry two exclusive first-run feature film broadcasts each month,[20] then Encore shifted its focus to hit movies as part of a major rebrand of the channel on May 24, 1999, primarily incorporating recent films, but with notable classics mixed in as well.[21][22] By this point, Encore advertised itself as guaranteeing to air "a great movie every night", even setting up a special 1-800 number in which a $2.50 refund would be given to unsatisfied subscribers.[23][24]

Encore eventually began to be sold as a hybrid service, offered as either a premium channel or a digital basic network depending on the provider, retaining the uncut and commercial-free nature of its programming. Through this change in distribution, the channel was eventually available in 25 million homes nationwide by September 2005.[25] On November 19, 2009, Liberty Media spun off Starz and Encore into a separate public tracking stock called Liberty Starz.[26] On August 8, 2012, Liberty Media announced that it would spin off Liberty Starz into its own separate, publicly traded company.[27] The spin-off of the subsidiary was completed on January 11, 2013, with Liberty Starz changing its name to Starz Inc. as a result.[28][29]

Channels[edit]

List of channels[edit]

Depending on the service provider, Encore provides up to eighteen multiplex channels – nine 24-hour multiplex channels, eight of which are simulcast in both standard definition and high definition – as well as a subscription video-on-demand service (Encore On Demand).

Encore broadcasts its primary and multiplex channels on both Eastern and Pacific Time Zone schedules. The respective coastal feeds of each channel are usually packaged together (though most cable providers only offer the east and west coast feeds of the main Encore channel), resulting in the difference in local airtimes for a particular movie or program between two geographic locations being three hours at most.

Channel Description and programming
Encore Logo 2013.jpg
Encore
The main "flagship" feed; Encore features movies from the 1970s to the present day such as blockbuster movies, first-run films and some anime films.
Encore Action.png
Encore Action
This channel focuses on action movies, martial arts films and horror movies; it previously carried anime feature films until 2008. Encore Action was originally called simply Action from 1994 to 2005.
Encore Black.png
Encore Black
This channel features movies, and off-network comedy and drama television series aimed at African American audiences; due to its carriage of the latter, Encore Black is one of only four Encore channels that currently airs series programming (consisting of sitcoms that air during primetime hours). The channel original launched on September 12, 1994 as True Stories & Drama, focusing on movies based on historical events and biographical pictures, and other dramatic films; in 1997, its name was shortened to True Stories, before rebranding as Encore Drama on March 25, 2005. Encore Drama was reformatted as Encore Black on December 2, 2013.[30]
Encore Classic.png
Encore Classic
This channel features classic movies along with some off-network television series from the 1970s to the 1990s; due to its carriage of the latter, Encore Classic is one of only four Encore channels that currently airs series programming (consisting of sitcoms and drama series that air during the morning and primetime hours). The channel originally launched on July 1, 1994 as Love Stories, and focused on romantic comedy and drama films; it was renamed Encore Love on March 25, 2005. Encore Love was reformatted as Encore Classic on December 2, 2013.[30]
Encore Espanol.png
Encore Español
This channel focuses on Spanish language feature films. When it launched on August 1, 2011, Encore Español originated as a Spanish language simulcast of the main Encore channel; the channel adopted its own separate schedule on December 1, 2013.[17]
Encore Family.png
Encore Family
This channel features live action, animated and anime films targeted at family audiences.[17] Films broadcast on the channel are primarily rated G or PG (or the equivalent TV-G and TV-PG), although Encore Family does run select films with a rating of PG-13 or TV-14.[31] Prior to its original launch on September 12, 1994, the channel had the working title Tweens,[32] before its name was changed to WAM! America's Youth Network (later called WAM! America's Kidz Network from 1997 to 2005, and then Encore Wam from 2005 to 2011) prior to its launch; the "WAM!" name was chosen through a naming contest, serving as an acronym for "What Adults are Missing".[33] As WAM!/Encore Wam until 2008, the channel also ran imported series aimed children and teenagers during the daytime hours.
Encore Suspense.png
Encore Suspense
This channel features mystery and suspense films as well as detective movies and series, film noir and neo noir; Encore Suspense is one of only four Encore channels that currently airs series programming (consisting of mystery series that air during the late evening hours). The channel was originally called Mystery from 1994 to 2005 and was later renamed Encore Mystery from 2005 to 2011. [17]
Encore Westerns.png
Encore Westerns
This channel features western movies and popular series from classics to contemporary favorites. Encore Westerns is one of only four Encore channels that currently airs series programming (consisting of classic western series thar air during the morning and late afternoon hours). The channel was originally called Westerns from 1994 to 2005.

Background[edit]

On February 1, 1994, Encore launched the pay television industry's first "themed" multiplex – seven additional channels that each focused on a specific genre. This was initially going to be composed of six channels,[34] but Encore decided to launch its own competitor to HBO and Showtime, called Starz!, after it acquired the pay television rights to run Universal Studios films released after 1993.[35] Starz was the first of the multiplex channels to launch, having debuted on February 1, 1994. Three additional multiplex channels launched five months later on July 1: Love Stories, Mystery, and Westerns;[36] these were followed on September 12 by the launch of the final three channels: True Stories & Drama (later shortened to True Stories), Action and WAM!: America's Youth Network (later known as WAM!: America's Kidz Network).[37]

Encore initially utilized a numbering system for each multiplex channel: Love Stories was designated as "Encore 2", Westerns was "Encore 3", Mystery was "Encore 4", Action was "Encore 5", True Stories was "Encore 6", WAM! was "Encore 7" and Starz! was designated "Encore 8". Encore eventually abandoned the numbering system for most of its channels in 1996, instead using the tagline "an encore network" from then on until the early 2000s; the notable exception was Starz!, which continued to use the "Encore 8" branding in its main IDs and feature presentation bumpers until 2002, even though Starz! had been long since separated entirely from the Encore brand by that time, and was given its own slate of multiplex channels.

The entire multiplex was rebranded to bring the individual channels back in line with the overall Encore brand on March 28, 2005, due to focus tests that revealed that viewers did not know the themed channels were directly related to the service's main channel.[38] All of the multiplex channels had the "Encore" brand incorporated into the names of each channel, though three of the Encore multiplex channels underwent more extensive name changes: True Stories rebranded as Encore Drama, Love Stories became Encore Love and WAM!: America's Kidz Network became simply Encore Wam.[39] Additional changes to the Encore multiplex came on August 1, 2011, with launch of a Spanish-language simulcast of Encore's primary channel called Encore Español, and the rebrand and refocusing of Encore Mystery and the teen-targeted Encore Wam into Encore Suspense and Encore Family (the latter channel adopting a format similar to that of sister service Starz Kids & Family); Encore Westerns and Encore Action became the only Encore multiplex channels to retain the naming schemes that were in use since the multiplex's original 1994 launch (prior to the incorporation of the "Encore" name in the branding of the multiplex channels).[17]

Three of the Encore channels (two of them being among the channel's six original multiplex services) underwent changes in their programming formats on December 2, 2013 as part of an extensive rebranding of the Encore multiplex. Encore Drama relaunched as Encore Black (adopting the same target audience demographic – African Americans – as sister channel Starz's multiplex service Starz InBlack) and Encore Love was reformatted as Encore Classic (focusing primarily on classic feature films); both channels began incorporating reruns of network television series from the 1970s to the 1990s as part of specialized program blocks alongside feature films from that period. In addition, Encore Español, which originally sought carriage alongside the other multiplex channels, began to be made available as part of the Spanish-language channel tiers offered by most cable and satellite providers and adopted an independent schedule of Spanish-language feature films.[30]

The multiplex has been given several brand names over the years, including the "Encore Multiplex", "Encore Movie Networks", "Starz Encore Super Pak" and "Starz Super Pak". As of 2014, the multiplex currently has no "official" marketed name, and viewers are simply told they are watching "one of the seven Encore channels"; though some providers collectively brand the channels as the "Encore Movie Pak", while Dish Network uses the "Starz Moviepack" as an unofficial name for the entire collection of Starz and Encore channels and select other providers (such as DirecTV) continue to brand the channels as the "Starz Super Pak".

High definition[edit]

Encore HD is a high definition simulcast feed of Encore that broadcasts in the 1080i resolution format. The main Encore channel originally launched its HD simulcast feed on March 22, 2003;[40] it was shut down after the channel's 2005 rebrand, but was relaunched in July 2008.[41] The main Encore HD simulcast channel is currently carried nationally by all major cable and satellite providers. Encore Action and Encore Drama (now Encore Black) began broadcasting in high definition on August 1, 2011,[17] and Encore Classic and Encore Suspense began broadcasting in high definition on December 2, 2013. It is currently unknown if or when Encore Westerns, Encore Family, and Encore Español will become available in HD.

Other services[edit]

Encore On Demand[edit]

Encore operates a subscription video-on-demand television service called Encore On Demand, which is available at no additional charge to new and existing Encore subscribers. Encore On Demand offers program content available in standard or high definition, consisting of theatrically released feature films and original programs, to most cable and satellite providers. The service's rotating program selection incorporates select new titles that are added each Friday, alongside existing program titles held over from the previous one to two weeks.

Encore Play[edit]

Encore Play is a website that features original programming and feature film content from Encore available for streaming in standard or high definition. It is available to Encore subscribers of Verizon FIOS,[42] AT&T U-verse,[43] Cox Communications,[44] Xfinity by Comcast and DirecTV.[45] The Encore Play iPad, iPhone and iPod Touch app was first released on October 8, 2012,[46] followed by the release of the app for Android devices on May 7, 2013.[47]

Programming[edit]

Movie library[edit]

As of August 2013, Encore – through Starz – maintains exclusive first-run film licensing agreements with Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures since 1994 (including content from subsidiaries Walt Disney Pictures, Pixar Animation Studios, Walt Disney Animation Studios, Marvel Studios, Disneynature, and Touchstone Pictures since 1997),[48][49][50] Sony Pictures Entertainment since January 2005 (including content from subsidiaries Columbia Pictures, Sony Pictures Classics, Screen Gems, Destination Films, Triumph Films and TriStar Pictures),[51][52] Anchor Bay Entertainment and Warren Miller Films since 1997.[53]

The first-run film output agreement with Walt Disney Pictures expires in December 2015, at which time the Netflix streaming service will assume pay television rights in January 2016 (excluding films released by Touchstone Pictures, which will be retained by Starz through a separate contract).[54][55][56] The first-run film output agreement with Sony was renewed for nine years on February 11, 2013;[57][58] the Warren Miller output deal was renewed for ten years on October 19, 2009.[59]

Encore also shows sub-runs – runs of films that have already received broadcast or syndicated television airings – of theatrical films from Warner Bros. Entertainment (including content from subsidiaries New Line Cinema, Turner Entertainment (both for films released prior to 2005), and Castle Rock Entertainment), Universal Studios (including content from subsidiaries Universal Animation Studios and Focus Features, all for films released prior to 2003), Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (including content from subsidiaries United Artists, Orion Pictures, and The Samuel Goldwyn Company), Miramax Films (for films released prior to 2009), 20th Century Fox, Paramount Pictures, DreamWorks Studios, Hollywood Pictures, Revolution Studios,[60] Overture Films,[61] Yari Film Group[62] and Lions Gate Entertainment.

In January 1997, Encore secured a licensing agreement with Paramount Pictures, broadcasting over 300 titles Paramount's first contract with Encore expired in December 2005.[63] In March 2013, Encore reassumed sub-run rights to Paramount Pictures' feature film releases. The first film broadcast through this deal was Primal Fear.[64] Additional Paramount Pictures releases were broadcast the following month on Encore, such as Racing with the Moon, She's Having a Baby and Black Rain.[65][66][67] In April 2013, Encore acquired sub-run rights to feature films from DreamWorks Studios. The first film broadcast through this deal was In Dreams.[68]

Encore generally airs older films released between the 1960s to the 1990s, with some newer movie titles (usually broadcast between six to nine months after their premiere on Starz) interspersed throughout the day (mostly on Sunday Nights, as of Summer 2014).

The newly-released films (previous aired on Starz) premiered on Sunday Nights.

Future licensing agreements[edit]

On February 2, 2012, Starz announced that it entered into a multi-year film licensing agreement with Lions Gate Entertainment, that will bring the studio's library of over 500 films to the channel; Lions Gate-produced films that Epix currently or will have future rights to will also move to Starz after their term of license for broadcast on Epix concludes.[69]

Former first-run contracts[edit]

During the 1990s, Encore (through Starz) had exclusive first-run movie rights with Universal Studios, Touchstone Pictures, Hollywood Pictures, Miramax, New Line Cinema and Carolco Pictures.[70] Between 1995 and 2005, Encore broadcast films from Turner Pictures and New Line Cinema.[71] Encore's contract with Universal Studios expired in late 2002; HBO and Starz shared half of Universal's films in 2003 before the former assumed pay television rights the following year.[72][73]

Original programming[edit]

Encore aired its first ever slate of original programming in 2011: the miniseries Moby Dick[74] and The Take,[75] and the biographical documentary Method to the Madness of Jerry Lewis.[76] The following year, Encore broadcast Thorne in June 2012.[77]

Programming block[edit]

The Big Mini-series Showcase (originally airing on weeknights, and later seen only on Sunday mornings[78]) is a weekly programming block dedicated to showcasing a mix of classic and recent critically acclaimed miniseries. Encore has broadcast original miniseries such as The Crimson Petal and the White,[79] Titanic: Blood and Steel,[80] Moby Dick and Thorne (both of which were already broadcast previously). On March 11, 2013, Encore broadcast episode 1 of Hindenburg: The Last Flight; the last episode was broadcast on March 12.[81] In addition to showcasing original miniseries, Encore has also aired older miniseres previously seen on network television such as The Thorn Birds, North and South, Shogun, Jason and the Argonauts and Gulliver's Travels.[82][83][84][85] The block was discontinued on December 29, 2013.[86]

Acquired programming[edit]

Despite being a premium service, Encore has incorporated acquired programming on several of its multiplex channels. Originally, these were limited to Encore Westerns and Encore Family (as WAM!/Encore Wam), consisting of classic western series from the 1950s to the 1970s on the former and imported series aimed children and teenagers on the latter channel (after Encore Wam stopped carrying acquired programming in 2009, sister channel Starz Kids & Family later incorporated some series programming onto its schedule that are aimed at the same target audience as those that were carried by Wam). Currently, Encore Westerns carries the classic western series Bonanza, Gunsmoke and Have Gun – Will Travel. Just prior to its rebranding as Encore Suspense, Encore Mystery eventually added acquired mystery series to its schedule (such as The Alfred Hitchcock Hour). With the 2013 rebranding and refocusing of what had been Encore Drama and Encore Love as Encore Black and Encore Classic, both channels added series fitting their respective formats in week-daily blocks (Encore Black currently carries the classic African American sitcoms What's Happening!!, Amen, Diff'rent Strokes and 227;[87] while Encore Classic airs the classic sitcoms Murphy Brown and Night Court; and crime drama Magnum, P.I. ).[87]

Branding[edit]

Throughout the network's history, Encore's logo has included a starburst mark. In the original logo used from 1991 to 1994, the starburst appeared within the "O" in the channel's name, which was rendered in uppercase and similar in design to sister network Starz's 2008 logo design – the mark was then revamped into a box design in 1994. The logo was simplified for the 1999 rebrand, removing the box design and turning the starburst into a line artwork above the "encore" logotype; the basic design was carried over in the 2005 revamp. On December 1, 2013, Encore introduced a new text-only logo, dropping the starburst mark included in its branding since its launch.

Fred Harrison, who served as a continuity announcer for USA Network from 1996 to 2003, serves as the primary announcer for the Encore channels. Other announcers include Jim Brennan and Shannon Hill. The current feature presentation bumpers for the Encore channels have an announcer. Rarely, these bumpers are announcer-less, as with the Starz channels.

Network slogans[edit]

  • The Movies of Your Life (1991–1999)[88]
  • Hit Movies of the 60s, 70s, and 80s (1991–1994)
  • The Greatest Movies of Yesterday and Today (1994–1999)
  • A Great Movie Every Night, Guaranteed (1999–2004)[89]
  • The Place For Movies, 24 Hours a Day (2004–2010)
  • Playing Favorites (2010–present, primary slogan since 2013)[90]
  • The New Encore (secondary slogan, 2013–2014)
  • Encore: So Classic its Original (secondary slogan, 2014-Present)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Yahoo Finance" Liberty Media Spins-off Starz finance.yahoo.com Zacks Equity Research, Retrieved on January 24, 2013.
  2. ^ Colorado Gov. Bill Owens Helps Starz Encore Group Dedicate New Headquarters In Meridian Office Park South of Denver
  3. ^ a b Seidman, Robert (August 23, 2013). "List of How Many Homes Each Cable Networks Is In - Cable Network Coverage Estimates As Of August 2013". TV by the Numbers. Zap2it. Retrieved August 25, 2013. 
  4. ^ Why Doesn't HBO Allow Non-Cable Subscribers To Subscribe To HBO Go א la Hulu?
  5. ^ Walsh, Chris. "John Sie, Starz Founder, Bids Adieu After Decade; Entrepreneur Retires as Network Faces Hurdles", Rocky Mountain News, May 8, 2004. Retrieved February 25, 2011, from HighBeam Research.
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  21. ^ "Sie's Latest Move: Encore To Become Full Premium Service", CableFAX. Access Intelligence, LLC. June 24, 1998. Retrieved February 23, 2011, from HighBeam Research.
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  23. ^ Forkan, Jim, "Don't Like the Movie? Ask for Money Back", Multichannel News, May 24, 1999. Retrieved February 25, 2011, from HighBeam Research.
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  27. ^ [1], Chicago Tribune (via Reuters), August 8, 2012.
  28. ^ "Liberty Media Corporation and Starz Announce Completion of Spin-Off". Reuters. Retrieved 2013-01-11. 
  29. ^ Liberty Media Corporation and Starz Announce Completion of Spin-Off, MarketWatch, January 11, 2013.
  30. ^ a b c Littleton, Cynthia (November 11, 2013). "Starz Shuffles Encore Content Mix to Draw More Black, Hispanic Viewers". Variety. Retrieved November 11, 2013. 
  31. ^ August 2011 Encore Family Schedule
  32. ^ "Encore renames its kid's channel", Multichannel News, June 27, 1994. Retrieved February 24, 2011, from HighBeam Research.
  33. ^ Encore Media Launches 'WAM| America's Youth Network'; New Commercial-Free Cable and Satellite TV Channel Offered to Schools, U.S. Newswire, September 14, 1994. Retrieved February 25, 2011, from HighBeam Research.
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  37. ^ ENCORE CELEBRATES THE EXPANSION OF SIX MULTIPLEX CHANNELS BY HONORING FILM GREATS, The Free Library. June 29, 1994.
  38. ^ Reynolds, Mike. "Logos Herald new Starz alignment", Multichannel News, March 28. 2005. Retrieved February 25, 2011, from HighBeam Research.
  39. ^ Dempsey, John. "Starz heats up brand iron", Daily Variety, March 29, 2005. Retrieved February 25, 2011, from HighBeam Research.
  40. ^ "Starz Encore Group Announces March 22 Launch of Encore HD; Encore HD Joins STARZ! HD as the Premier Channels for Hit Movies in Hi-Def", PR Newswire, March 9, 2004. Retrieved February 25, 2011, from HighBeam Research.
  41. ^ "Starz Announces Plans for July Encore HD Launch", PR Newswire, July 13, 2008. Retrieved February 25, 2011, from HighBeam Research.
  42. ^ Verizon FiOS Launches STARZ PLAY And ENCORE PLAY Authenticated Online Services, MarketWatch, February 25, 2013.
  43. ^ AT&T U-verse gets Starz Play, Encore Play and Movieplex Play access, Engadget, December 18, 2012.
  44. ^ New Starz Play website and apps stream only to Cox customers, but you might not need them, Engadget, October 9, 2012.
  45. ^ DirecTV Gets Starz Play And Encore Play, WebProNews, December 21, 2012.
  46. ^ Starz Launches Online Viewing Options for Subscribers in Deal With Cox, The Hollywood Reporter, October 8, 2012.
  47. ^ Starz, Encore and Movieplex Play apps arrive on Android, Engadget, May 7, 2013.
  48. ^ Starz goes from second-tier movie channel to Hollywood power broker
  49. ^ Encore snares Disney films from showtime. (Walt Disney Co.)
  50. ^ Showtime Extends Pact
  51. ^ Sony lifts off for Starz in 2005.
  52. ^ Sony Pictures, Starz extend pay TV agreement
  53. ^ Starz Encore Hits the Slopes: Extends Exclusive Output Deal With Warren Miller Films.
  54. ^ Lietdke, Michael (December 29, 2012). "Netflix to stream newer Disney movies". USA Today. Retrieved December 4, 2012. 
  55. ^ What the Netflix-Disney Deal Means for You
  56. ^ Netflix scores exclusive rights to Disney movies
  57. ^ Starz renews deal to get Sony movies through 2021; deal seen as must-win for channel
  58. ^ Starz Announces New Long-Term First-Run Premium Output Agreement With Sony Pictures Entertainment
  59. ^ Starz, Miller ink 10-year deal; 'Children of Winter' to bow in November
  60. ^ Roth lines up $3bn for Revolution Studios launch
  61. ^ Overture Films ends three-year run, hands off marketing and distribution to Relativity Media
  62. ^ Starz nabs TV rights to four Yari films
  63. ^ Encore Media Corporation Acquires Over 300 Titles from Paramount Pictures
  64. ^ Starz: Primal Fear
  65. ^ Starz: Racing With The Moon
  66. ^ Starz: She's Having A Baby
  67. ^ Starz: Black Rain
  68. ^ Starz: In Dreams
  69. ^ Gorman, Bill (February 2, 2012). "Starz Entertainment Licenses More Than 500 Movies from Lionsgate". TVbytheNumbers. Retrieved February 2, 2012. 
  70. ^ STARZ!, NEW PREMIUM CHANNEL, LAUNCHES TONIGHT WITH UNPRECEDENTED SUPPORT FROM MAJOR HOLLYWOOD STUDIOS
  71. ^ STARZ! signs new exclusive output agreement with Turner Pictures and extends current agreement with New Line Cinema and Fine Line until 2005.
  72. ^ HBO bid bests Starz.
  73. ^ HBO, Uni ink licensing deal.
  74. ^ Encore Dives Into Original Programming With Miniseries 'Moby Dick' And 'The Take' Deadline Hollywood July 13, 2011
  75. ^ Encore Original Miniseries 'The Take' Debuts Friday, December 2
  76. ^ Encore To Do Documentary On Jerry Lewis Deadline Hollywood March 16, 2011
  77. ^ 'Thorne' Premiere: Encore Miniseries With David Morrissey Exclusive Preview (VIDEO)
  78. ^ The Big Miniseries Showcase Only On ENCORE
  79. ^ Encore Presents "The Big Miniseries Showcase" This Fall With the U.S. Television Premiere of "The Crimson Petal and the White"
  80. ^ Encore Premieres 'Titanic: Blood and Steel' on Monday, October 8 at 8PM
  81. ^ Encore to Air 'Hindenburg' Miniseries Starring Stacy Keach
  82. ^ Encore's 'The Big Miniseries Showcase' Presents 'The Thorn Birds' on Monday December 10 at 8PM
  83. ^ Encore's 'The Big Miniseries Showcase' Presents 'Sally Hemings: An American Scandal' On February 3rd and 'North and South' on February 4th
  84. ^ ENCORE Premieres 'Shogun' on Monday Sepember. 17 & 'The Pillars of the Earth' on Monday September 24
  85. ^ Encore's 'The Big Miniseries Showcase' Presents Jason and the Agronauts' & 'Gulliver's Travels'
  86. ^ ENCORE Schedule • December, 2013 (page 5)
  87. ^ a b Starz Re-Brands Encore Channels, Adds Classic TV Shows Like 'What's Happening!!', 'Night Court' To Appeal To African-Americans, Boomers Multichannel News, November 11, 2013
  88. ^ Encore Movie Channel Commercial (1998)
  89. ^ "The New" Encore Junction – 1999
  90. ^ Encore Movie Channel Movie Favorites Commercial

External links[edit]