Encounter Bay

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Encounter Bay
Encounter bay pt elliot.jpg
Encounter Bay from Port Elliot, South Australia
Encounter Bay is located in South Australia
Encounter Bay
Encounter Bay
Location in South Australia
Location Fleurieu and Sir Richard Peninsulas, South Australia
Coordinates 35°34′40″S 138°35′35″E / 35.57778°S 138.59306°E / -35.57778; 138.59306Coordinates: 35°34′40″S 138°35′35″E / 35.57778°S 138.59306°E / -35.57778; 138.59306[1]
Type Bay
Primary inflows River Murray
Basin countries Australia
Islands Granite Island, Pullen Island, Seal Island, West Island, Wright Island
Settlements Victor Harbor
Goolwa, Middleton & Port Elliot

Encounter Bay is a bay on the south central coast of South Australia, some 100 kilometres (62 mi) south of Adelaide, South Australia. It is named by Matthew Flinders after his encounter on 8 April 1802 with Nicolas Baudin, both of whom were charting the Australian coastline for their respective countries (Britain and France). The encounter between the scientists was peaceful, even though their countries were at war at the time.[2]

The bay’s extent consists of all of the sea north of a line running due east from Newland Head and the wide curve of the coastline extending from Newland Head along the south coast of the Fleurieu Peninsula and the Sir Richard Peninsula to the Younghusband Peninsula.[3]

Traditionally the land of the Ramindjeri clan of the Ngarrindjeri people, the bay's coastline is the site for the following settlements: Victor Harbor, Port Elliot, Middleton and Goolwa. The Murray, Inman and Hindmarsh Rivers drain into the bay.

The following protected areas exist within the bay’s waters: the West Island Conservation Park, the West Island Aquatic Reserve and the Pullen Island Conservation Park while the bay’s waters are within the boundaries of the Encounter Marine Park. The following protected areas adjoin the shores of the bay: the Coorong National Park and the Newland Head Conservation Park.[4][5][4][6][7][8]

Islands located within Encounter Bay include (from west to east): West Island, Wright Island, Granite Island, Seal Island (also known as Seal Rock) and Pullen Island.[9]


  1. ^ "Encounter Bay (SA)". Gazetteer of Australia online. Geoscience Australia, Australian Government. 
  2. ^ Flinders, Matthew (1966) [1814]. A Voyage to Terra Australis : undertaken for the purpose of completing the discovery of that vast country, and prosecuted in the years 1801, 1802, and 1803 in His Majesty's ship the Investigator, and subsequently in the armed vessel Porpoise and Cumberland Schooner; with an account of the shipwreck of the Porpoise, arrival of the Cumberland at Mauritius, and imprisonment of the commander during six years and a half in that island. (Facsimile ed.). Adelaide; Facsimile reprint of: London : G. and W. Nicol, 1814 ed. In two volumes, with an Atlas (3 volumes): Libraries Board of South Australia. p. 263. Retrieved 3 January 2014. 
  3. ^ "Australia’s Offshore Jurisdiction: Explanation Of Terminology in Relation to Petroleum Exploration and Development". Department of Industry. 19 Jan 2006. p. 11. Retrieved 23 January 2014. 
  4. ^ a b "Island Conservation Parks of Backstairs Passage and Encounter Bay". Department of Environment Water & Natural Resources. Retrieved 23 January 2014. 
  5. ^ "West Island Aquatic Reserve". Primary Industries and Regions South Australia (PIRSA). Retrieved 23 January 2014. 
  6. ^ "Encounter Marine park". Department of Environment Water & Natural Resources. Retrieved 23 January 2014. 
  7. ^ "Coorong National Park". Department of Environment Water & Natural Resources. Retrieved 23 January 2014. 
  8. ^ "Newland Head Conservation Park". Department of Environment Water & Natural Resources. Retrieved 23 January 2014. 
  9. ^ Property Location Browser V2 Government of South Australia. Accessed 2014-02-12.

Further reading[edit]

  • Hodge, Charles Reynolds (1932). Encounter Bay, the miniature Naples of Australia : a short history of the romantic south coast of South Australia (Reprinted 1979 ed.). Hampstead Gardens, Adelaide, S.A.: Austaprint. ISBN 0-85872-320-4.