Endangered plants of Europe

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Description[edit]


The list below contains plants that dwell in or migrate to any region in Europe and any nearby islands of the Atlantic Ocean. This includes plants that are found in the East Atlantic Ocean (Azores), Iceland, the Adriatic Sea, the Sea of Azov, the Black and Caspian Sea, Corsica, Cyprus, Palearctic, Russia, Eurasia, North African Coast, the Mediterranean Sea and islands located in the Mediterranean Sea, and the islands of Spain (Canary, Balearic). 21% of Europe’s vascular plant species (flowering plants, conifers and ferns) are classified as threatened according to the IUCN.[1] The list below was compiled from data on the IUCN Red List of Endangered Species (IUCN). The International Union for Conservation of Nature [2] identifies species in need of attention before approaching extinction and works to increase prevention of extinction. The list below includes Vulnerable (VU), Endangered (EN), Critically Endangered (CR), and recently Extinct (EX) species.

The Barbaricina Colombine or Aquilegia barbaricina.
The Dragon Tree or Dracaena.
The Lonicera Ciliosa is a species of Honeysuckle.
The Nuragica Columbine is threatened in Spain.Aquilegia nuragica.
Leaves from a sage.

Threatened plants of Europe and their locations[edit]

PLANT NAME RANGE/REGION
Akamas Centaury Cyprus
Alfalfa Arborea Spain
Allium rouyi Spain
Amygdalus spp. (2) Kazakhstan, Turkey
Anthoceros neesii Austria, Czech Republic, Germany, Poland
Antirrhinum subbaeticum Spain
Apid den Bermejo Spain
Astragalus cavanillesii Spain
Barbaricina Colombine Italy
Berberis spp. (2) China, Kazakhstan
Betula spp. (6) China, Czech Republic, Denmark, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Sweden, Ukraine, Uzbekistan
Bindweed Greece
Borneo Teak Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, Oceanic
Brimeura duvigneaudii Spain
Bryoxiphium madeirense Portugal
Buglosse Crepue France, Italy
Bully Tree Cape Verde, Portugal, Spain
Bupleuro delle Madoni Italy
Bupleuro di Marettimo Italy
Calligonum spp. Kazakhstan
Canary Strawberry Tree Spain (Canary Islands)
Carum foetidum Algeria, Spain
Casey's Larkspur Cyprus
Centranthus spp. (2) France, Italy
Cerastium sventenii Spain (Canary Islands)
Chamomile Greece
Cheesewood Portugal
Chosenia arbutifolia China, Japan, Korea, Russia
Cornish Path Moss United Kingdom
Cretan Zelkova Greece
Cyprus Cedar Cyprus
Degenia velebitica Croatia
Distichophyllum carinatum China, Germany, Japan
Dragon Tree Cape Verde, Morocco, Portugal (Madeira), Spain (Canary Islands)
Echinodium spp. (2) Portugal
Echium spp. (4) Spain
Erysimum kykkoticum Cyprus
Euphorbia spp. Spain
Falsa Sanicola Italy
Flueggea spp. Turkey
Gradsteinia torrenticola Spain
Gyrocaryum oppositifolium Spain
Hare's-ear Greece
Heberdenia excelsa Portugal (Madeira), Spain (Canary Islands)
Helianthemum guerrae Spain
Helichrysum spp. Malta
Hieracium spp. Italy
Honeysuckle Kazakhstan
Horstrissea dolinicola Greece
Jaramago de Alboran Spain
Jasione mansanetiana Spain
Juniper (2) Portugal, Spain (Canary Islands)
Lamyropsis microcephala Italy
Larkspur Greece
Ligusticum huteri Spain
Limonium strictissimum France, Italy
Lithodora nitida Spain
Lunetiere de Rotges France
Lysimachia minoricensis Spain
Maltase Cliff-orache Malta
Maltese Centaury Malta
Malus spp. (2) Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan
Mamillariella geniculata Russia
Many-fruited Beardless Moss United Kingdom
Marsh Earwort Austria, China, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greenland, Korea, Norway, Poland, Russia, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom
Milkwort (2) Greece, Italy
Minuartia dirphya Greece
Moehringia fontqueri Spain
Morris Squill Cyprus
Myrica rivas-martinezii Spain (Canary Islands)
Narcissus spp. (4) Spain
Naufraga balearica Spain
Nuragica Columbine Italy
Ochyraea tatrensis Slovakia
Orthodontopsis bardunovii Russia
Orthotrichum spp. Asia, Europe
Pau-branco Portugal
Picconia excelsa Portugal (Madeira), Spain (Canary Islands)
Pleiomeris canariensis Spain (Canary Islands)
Pleurotus nebrodensis Italy
Populus spp. (2) Asia, Europe, Middle East
Prunus spp. Europe
Pyrus spp. Turkey
Radula jonesii Portugal, Spain (Canary Islands)
Rhamnus integrifolia Spain (Canary Islands)
Ribes spp. Italy
Riccia spp. Portugal (Madeira)
Sage Cyprus
Salix spp. Spain
Sandwort (2) Spain
Saponaria jagelii Greece
Scapania sphaerifera Russia
Sea Marigold Italy
Senecio spp. Spain
Serbian Spruce Bosnia and Herzegovina
Shrubby Buckwheat Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan
Sibiraea tianschanica Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan
Sicilian Fir Italy
Silene spp. (5) Italy, Spain
Soccarrell Bord Spain
Solenanthus reverchonii Spain
Sorbus spp. (19) Germany, Ireland, Portugal, United Kingdom
Spiraeanthus schrenkianus Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan
Star Thistle Italy
Stonecress Greece
Succisella andreae-molinae Spain
Teucrium balthazaris Spain
Thamnobryum spp. (2) Portugal, United Kingdom
Troodos Rockcress Cyprus
Violet Italy
Wild Apricot China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan
Zelkova sicula Italy

[3]

Conservation[edit]

Propragation has been conducted using in vitro techniques in facilities across the country. This method of conservation is used in parts of the world to preserve plants for as long as possible. In vitro propagation has allowed material to be kept in in vitro gene banks, and this will expand with deeper developments in cryopreservation technology. An increasing number of botanic gardens now have in vitro facilities, and information on techniques is distributed between these in addition to cultures.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Silva, João Pedro. "Life and Endangered Plants "Conserving Europe's threatened flora"". Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 2007. Retrieved 1 December 2011. 
  2. ^ "IUCN Red List of Threatened Species". IUCN 2011. 
  3. ^ Glenn, C. R. ""Earth's Endangered Creatures" (Online)". 
  4. ^ Fay, Michael. "Conservation of rare and endangered plants using in vitro methods". Springer Berlin / Heidelberg. Retrieved 1 December 2011.