|Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)|
|Energy||71 kJ (17 kcal)|
|- Dietary fiber||3.1 g|
|Vitamin A equiv.||108 μg (14%)|
|- beta-carotene||1300 μg (12%)|
|Thiamine (vit. B1)||0.08 mg (7%)|
|Riboflavin (vit. B2)||0.075 mg (6%)|
|Niacin (vit. B3)||0.4 mg (3%)|
|Pantothenic acid (B5)||0.9 mg (18%)|
|Folate (vit. B9)||142 μg (36%)|
|Vitamin C||6.5 mg (8%)|
|Vitamin E||0.44 mg (3%)|
|Vitamin K||231 μg (220%)|
|Calcium||52 mg (5%)|
|Iron||0.83 mg (6%)|
|Magnesium||15 mg (4%)|
|Manganese||0.42 mg (20%)|
|Phosphorus||28 mg (4%)|
|Potassium||314 mg (7%)|
|Zinc||0.79 mg (8%)|
|Link to USDA Database entry
Percentages are relative to
US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient Database
Endive belongs to the chicory genus, which includes several similar bitter leafed vegetables. Species include endive (Cichorium endivia), Cichorium pumilum, and common chicory (Cichorium intybus). Common chicory includes chicory types such as radicchio, puntarelle, and Belgian endive. There is considerable confusion between Cichorium endivia and Cichorium intybus.
There are two main varieties of cultivated endive:
- Curly endive, or frisée (var crispum). This type has narrow, green, curly outer leaves. It is sometimes called chicory in the United States and is called chicorée frisée in French. Further confusion results from the fact that frisée also refers to a technique in which greens are lightly wilted with oil.
- Escarole, or broad-leaved endive (var latifolia) has broad, pale green leaves and is less bitter than the other varieties. Varieties or names include broad-leaved endive, Bavarian endive, Batavian endive, grumolo, scarola, and scarole. It is eaten like other greens, sauteed, chopped into soups and stews, or as part of a green salad.
- "endive". Oxford English Dictionary (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. September 2005.
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