Endomorphin

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The endomorphins are a group of endogenous opioid peptides consisting of endomorphin-1 (Tyr-Pro-Trp-Phe-NH2) and endomorphin-2 (Tyr-Pro-Phe-Phe-NH2). They are tetrapeptides with the highest known affinity and selectivity for the μ-opioid receptor. Endomorphin-1 is found in the nucleus of the solitary tract, the periventricular hypothalamus, and the dorsomedial hypothalamus, where it is found within histaminergic neurons and may regulate sedative and arousal behaviors.[1] It is assumed that endomorphins are the cleavage products of a larger precursor, but this polypeptide or protein has not yet been identified.[2]

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  1. ^ Greco, MA; Fuller, PM; Jhou, TC; Martin-Schild, S; Zadina, JE; Hu, Z; Shiromani, P; Lu, J (2008). "Opioidergic projections to sleep-active neurons in the ventrolateral preoptic nucleus". Brain Research 1245: 96–107. doi:10.1016/j.brainres.2008.09.043. PMC 2753822. PMID 18840417. 
  2. ^ Stefan Offermanns; Walter Rosenthal (14 August 2008). Encyclopedia of Molecular Pharmacology. Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 904–. ISBN 978-3-540-38916-3.