Eneabba, Western Australia

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Eneabba
Western Australia
Eneabba Sands Tavern, 2014(1).JPG
Eneabba Sands Tavern, 2014.
Eneabba is located in Western Australia
Eneabba
Eneabba
Coordinates 29°49′S 115°16′E / 29.817°S 115.267°E / -29.817; 115.267Coordinates: 29°49′S 115°16′E / 29.817°S 115.267°E / -29.817; 115.267
Population 250 (2006 Census)[1]
Established 1961
Postcode(s) 6518
Elevation 99 m (325 ft)
Location
  • 282 km (175 mi) N of Perth
  • 31 km (19 mi) ENE of Leeman
  • 70 km (43 mi) SE of Dongara
LGA(s) Shire of Carnamah
State electorate(s) Moore
Federal Division(s) Durack

Eneabba is a town on the Brand Highway 278 kilometres (173 mi) north of Perth, Western Australia.

The area is famous for its spectacular display of wildflowers in the spring. It is also home to the Iluka Resources mineral sands facility.[2]

The first European visit to the area was in 1839 by the second disastrous George Grey expedition along the west coast. Grey and his party were forced to walk through the area after their boats were lost. On 11 April, Grey discovered and named the Arrowsmith River, after John Arrowsmith the English cartographer.[3]

In 1870 the first settler, William Horsley Rowland, arrived from Greenough. He took up a 3,000 acre lease at Eneabba Springs and survived by shepherding, trapping horses and pigs and living on wild game.[4]

The area around Eneabba was opened up for agricultural purposes in the 1950s. This in turn initiated the need for a town to be developed. The town was gazetted in 1961.[5]

The name of the town comes from the aboriginal name of the nearby Eneabba Springs. The meaning of the word is "small water". Early settlers called the same spring "pocket knife spring" from a story of the amazing powers of a knife that was dropped in the spring.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Eneabba (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2008-09-20. 
  2. ^ Network Published by Railways of Australia Committee May, 1978 p18
  3. ^ Grey, George (1841). Journals of two expeditions of discovery in North-West and Western Australia, during the years 1837, 38, and 39, describing many newly discovered, important, and fertile districts, with observations on the moral and physical condition of the aboriginal inhabitants, etc. etc. 2. London: T. and W. Boone. p. 56. Retrieved 2012-03-17. 
  4. ^ Heydon, P.R. (1988). Westward to the Sea - Reminiscences and History of the Carnamah District 1861-1897. Carnamah, Western Australia: Carnamah Historical Society. pp. 118–130. ISBN 0-7316-3629-5. 
  5. ^ "Landcorp - Eneabba". 2007. Retrieved 2008-09-20. 
  6. ^ Western Australian Land Information Authority. "History of country town names". Retrieved 2008-09-20. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Eneabba, Western Australia at Wikimedia Commons