|Genre||Transmission system operator|
|Predecessor(s)||Eltra, Elkraft System, Elkraft Transmission, Gastra|
|Key people||Peder Østermark Andreasen (CEO)|
|Services||Power and natural gas transmission|
|Revenue||9.17B DKK (2009)|
|Owner(s)||Government of Denmark (State ownership)|
Energinet.dk is the Danish national transmission system operator for electricity and natural gas. It is an independent public enterprise owned by the Danish state under the Ministry of Climate and Energy. Energinet.dk has some 570 employees, and its headquarters are located in Erritsø near Fredericia in Jutland. The gas division is located in Ballerup near Copenhagen.
The main tasks are to ensure efficient operation and development of the national electricity and gas infrastructure as well as ensuring equal access for all users of the infrastructure. Energinet.dk also plays a role in developing a carbon dioxide free energy system in Denmark.
Energinet.dk was created by a merger of power grid operators Eltra, Elkraft System and Elkraft Transmission, and by natural gas transmission system operator Gastra. The merger took place on 24 August 2005 with retrospective effect from 1 January 2005.
Operations and organization
|High voltage grid of Denmark|
Energinet.dk operates the 400 kV electricity transmission grid and the gas transmission grid. The company owns and operates also 132 kV and 150 kV power grids ("Regionale Net") and the HVDC Great Belt Power Link, and it is a co-owner of the power interconnections with Sweden (Konti–Skan), Norway (Cross-Skagerrak) and Germany (Kontek). A submarine power cable to the Netherlands is planned with TenneT, and a cable to Britain is investigated with National Grid.
Energinet.dk has a 20% stake in Nord Pool Spot AS (the largest electricity market in the world), and, as of December 2012, 100% of the physical gas exchange Nord Pool Gas A/S. It also owns a fiber-optic communication network and a gas storage facility, as well as a 20% stake in European Market Coupling Company, a Central-West European cross-border electrical power trading joint venture due to begin operations on 9 November 2010.
In 2009, 520 employees managed a total revenue of 9.17 billion DKK with a net profit of 456 million DKK. Energinet.dk uses all profits from its share of area price differences to relieve tariffs. These profits were €70m in 2007, €77m in 2008, and €40m in 2009.
An electrical consumption tax dedicated to supporting sustainable electricity producers in Denmark is administered by Energinet.dk. For the first half year of 2010, this constituted 1.91 billion DKK for biomass, wind power and similar non-fossil power activities.
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