Energinet.dk

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Energinet.dk
Type Government-owned corporation
Industry Energy
Genre Transmission system operator
Predecessors Eltra, Elkraft System, Elkraft Transmission, Gastra
Founded 2005 (2005)
Headquarters Erritsø, Denmark
Key people Peder Østermark Andreasen (CEO)
Services Power and natural gas transmission
Revenue 9.17B DKK (2009)
Owners Government of Denmark (State ownership)
Employees 570
Subsidiaries Eltransmission.dk A/S
Gastransmission.dk A/S
Website www.energinet.dk

Energinet.dk is the Danish national transmission system operator for electricity and natural gas. It is an independent public enterprise owned by the Danish state under the Ministry of Climate and Energy.[1] Energinet.dk has some 570 employees, and its headquarters are located in Erritsø near Fredericia in Jutland. The gas division is located in Ballerup near Copenhagen.

The main tasks are to ensure efficient operation and development of the national electricity and gas infrastructure as well as ensuring equal access for all users of the infrastructure. Energinet.dk also plays a role in developing a carbon dioxide free energy system in Denmark.

History[edit]

Energinet.dk was created by a merger of power grid operators Eltra, Elkraft System and Elkraft Transmission, and by natural gas transmission system operator Gastra.[2] The merger took place on 24 August 2005 with retrospective effect from 1 January 2005.

Operations and organization[edit]

External images
High voltage grid of Denmark

Energinet.dk operates the 400 kV electricity transmission grid[3] and the gas transmission grid.[4] The company owns and operates also 132 kV[5] and 150 kV power grids ("Regionale Net") and the HVDC Great Belt Power Link, and it is a co-owner of the power interconnections with Sweden (Konti–Skan), Norway (Cross-Skagerrak) and Germany (Kontek).[6][7][8] A submarine power cable to the Netherlands is planned with TenneT,[9][10] and a cable to Britain is investigated with National Grid.[11]

Energinet.dk has a 20% stake in Nord Pool Spot AS (the largest electricity market in the world),[12] and, as of December 2012, 100% of the physical gas exchange Nord Pool Gas A/S.[13] It also owns a fiber-optic communication network and a gas storage facility, as well as a 20% stake[7] in European Market Coupling Company, a Central-West European cross-border electrical power trading joint venture due to begin operations on 9 November 2010.[14]

In 2009, 520 employees managed a total revenue of 9.17 billion DKK with a net profit of 456 million DKK.[15] Energinet.dk uses all profits from its share of area price differences to relieve tariffs. These profits were €70m in 2007, €77m in 2008, and €40m in 2009.[16]

An electrical consumption tax dedicated to supporting sustainable electricity producers in Denmark is administered by Energinet.dk.[17] For the first half year of 2010, this constituted 1.91 billion DKK for biomass, wind power and similar non-fossil power activities.[18]

In 2008, power transmission was 47 TW·h while gas transmission was 91 TW·h.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Experience of the Danish Transmission System Operator (PDF). International Energy Agency. Retrieved 11 February 2010. 
  2. ^ "Natural gas in exact quantities". Force Technology. Retrieved 24 June 2008. 
  3. ^ Nielsen, Torben Glar (15 September 2010). "Electricity Division". Energinet.dk. Retrieved 3 October 2010. 
  4. ^ Hodal, Peter A. (15 September 2010). "Gas Division". Energinet.dk. Retrieved 3 October 2010. 
  5. ^ "DONG Energy Sells Transmission Network to Energinet.dk". OilVoice. 2007-12-24. Retrieved 2010-10-03. 
  6. ^ "Energinet.dk SOV". Business Week. Retrieved 11 February 2010. 
  7. ^ a b Røge, Anne Cecilie Nesager (15 September 2010). "The Energinet.dk Group". Energinet.dk. Retrieved 3 October 2010. 
  8. ^ Gellert, Bjarne Christian. Electricity interconnections Energinet.dk, 22 August 2011. Accessed: 6 December 2011.
  9. ^ "Planned electricity cable between the Netherlands and Denmark". TenneT. Retrieved 24 September 2010. 
  10. ^ Torben Glar Nielsen. "Energinet.dk has approved the business case for Cobra cable" Energinet.dk, 13 January 2014. Accessed: 20 January 2014.
  11. ^ Isobel Rowley & Jesper N. Rasmussen. "National Grid and Energinet.dk sign cooperation agreement on a first electricity interconnector between UK and Denmark" Energinet.dk, 10 October 2013. Accessed: 10 October 2013.
  12. ^ "Nord Pool - Organisation". Nord Pool ASA. Retrieved 24 June 2008. [dead link]
  13. ^ "Nord Pool Spot sells its 50% shares of Nord Pool Gas to Energinet.dk". Energinet.dk. Retrieved 25 September 2013. 
  14. ^ Confirmation of launch date European Market Coupling Company, 24 September 2010. Retrieved: 3 October 2010.
  15. ^ Hangaard, Claus Hattesen (15 September 2010). "Financial highlights for the Energinet.dk Group". Energinet.dk. Retrieved 3 October 2010. 
  16. ^ "TSO Congestion rent". Nord Pool Spot. Retrieved 24 September 2010. 
  17. ^ "Subject: State aid No N 354/2008 – Denmark Modification of the scheme 'Support to environmentally friendly electricity production' (N 602/2004)". European Commission. Retrieved 11 February 2010. 
  18. ^ Andreasen, Peter Østermark (26 August 2010). "Halvårsrapport 2010" [Half year report 2010]. Energinet.dk. Retrieved 3 October 2010. 
  19. ^ Røge, Anne Cecilie Nesager (15 September 2010). "Electricity and gas transmission". Energinet.dk. Retrieved 3 October 2010. 

External links[edit]