Energy in Austria

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Energy in Austria describes energy and electricity production, consumption and import in Austria.

Austria is one of the foremost producers of hydroelectric power in Europe. The most important power facilities are publicly owned; 50% of the shares of the large private producers are owned by provincial governments.

Overview[edit]

Energy in Austria[1]
Capita Prim. energy Production Import Electricity CO2-emission
Million TWh TWh TWh TWh Mt
2004 8.18 386 115 274 64.2 75.1
2007 8.32 386 127 271 66.7 69.7
2008 8.34 387 128 274 68.5 69.3
2009 8.36 368 133 244 66.5 63.4
2012 8.42 384 134 273 70.4 68.5
Change 2004-09 2.2% -4.6 % 15.4% -11.0  % 3.6% -15.7  %
Mtoe = 11.63 TWh Prim. . Prim. energy includes energy losses that are 2/3 for nuclear power [2]

Renewable energy[edit]

According to Austrian Environment Minister Nikolaus Berlakovich Austria has a target of 34% renewable energy by 2020 and 100% self-sufficiency in energy by 2050. In Austria will be 100,000 new green jobs up to 2020, Berlakovich hoped in the European Wind Energy Event 2013 by EWEA.[3]

Electricity[edit]

In 2000, net electricity generation was 58.8 billion kWh, of which 28.5% came from fossil fuels, 68.6% from hydropower, none from nuclear energy, and the remainder from other sources. In the same year, consumption of electricity totaled 54.8 million kWh. Total installed capacity at the beginning of 2001 was 14.2 million kW. In 2000 petroleum accounted for 39% of energy consumption, natural gas 20%, coal 10%, nuclear energy 0%, and hydroelectric power 31%. During the winter, when there is less flowing water for hydroelectric power, domestic electricity demands must be supplemented by imports from neighboring countries.

EU and Austria Wind Energy Capacity (MW)[4][5][6][7]
No Country 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998
- EU-27 105,696 93,957 84,074 74,767 64,712 56,517 48,069 40,511 34,383 28,599 23,159 17,315 12,887 9,678 6,453
14 Austria 1,378 1,084 1,011 995 995 982 965 819 606 415 140 94 77 34 30

Oil[edit]

Oil, first produced in 1863, is found both in Upper Austria, near Wolfsegg am Hausruck, and in Lower Austria, in the vicinity of Vienna. After reaching a peak of about 3,700,000 tons in 1955, oil production gradually declined to 22,000 barrels per day in 2000. Natural gas production was 1.698 billion cubic metres in 1998, far short of domestic needs; consumption amounted to 6.862 billion cubic metres in that year.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ IEA Key World Energy Statistics Statistics 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2006 IEA October, crude oil p.11, coal p. 13 gas p. 15
  2. ^ Energy in Sweden 2010 Facts and figures The Swedish Energy Agency Table 8 Losses in nuclear power stations Table 9 Nuclear power brutto
  3. ^ Fossil fuel subsidies are “public enemy number one” – IEA Chief EWEA 04 Feb 2013
  4. ^ EWEA Staff (2010). "Cumulative installed capacity per EU Member State 1998 - 2009 (MW)". European Wind Energy Association. Retrieved 2010-05-22. 
  5. ^ EWEA Staff (February 2011). "EWEA Annual Statistics 2010". European Wind Energy Association. Retrieved 2011-01-31. 
  6. ^ EWEA Staff (February 2012). "EWEA Annual Statistics 2011". European Wind Energy Association. Retrieved 2011-02-18. 
  7. ^ Wind in power: 2012 European statistics February 2013