Energy in the Czech Republic

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Energy in the Czech Republic describes energy and electricity production, consumption and import in the Czech Republic.

Overview[edit]

Energy in Czech Republic[1]
Capita Prim. energy Production Export Electricity CO2-emission
Million TWh TWh TWh TWh Mt
2004 10.2 530 398 136 63.5 118.8
2007 10.3 532 392 134 67.1 122.1
2008 10.4 519 382 144 67.4 116.8
2009 10.5 488 363 132 64.1 109.8
2012 10.5 505 373 140 66.0 112.7
Change 2004-09 2.9  % -7.8 % -8.9 % -2.8 % 0.9 % -7.5 %
Mtoe = 11.63 TWh, Prim. energy includes energy losses that are 2/3 for nuclear power[2]

Primary energy consumption per million people in 2008 was 50 TWh compared to other countries (TWh): Canada 93 (3103 TWh 33.3), USA 87 (26,560 TWh 304.5), UK 40 (2,424 TWh 61.4), Greece 31 TWh (354 TWh 11.24) and Poland 30 (1138 TWh 38.12).

Coal[edit]

OKD is a major mining company in the Czech Republic.

Most coal is used in the country of origin. In 2009 world coal export was 14% of coal production (836/5990 Mt). The Czech Republic was 10 th top coal exporter in 2009 with 4 Mt. The top hard coal net exporters in 2009 were (Mt): Australia 262, Indonesia 230, Russia 93, Colombia 69, South Africa 67, United States 33, Vietnam 25, Kazakhstan 22, Canada 20 and Czech Republic 4.[3]

Oil and gas[edit]

Oil and gas deposits in the Czech Republic are in Moravia. Gas pipelines include Gazela Pipeline and Druzhba pipeline from Russia to points in Ukraine, Belarus, Poland, Hungary, Slovakia, Czech Republic, and Germany.

Electricity sector[edit]

According to IEA the electricity use (gross production + imports – exports – transmission/distribution losses) in the Czech Republic in 2008 was 67 TWh. Population was 10.4 million people. In comparison in Portugal population was 10.6 million people and electricity use 51 TWh.

Nuclear power[edit]

There was nuclear power in the Czech Republic in the start of 2011.

Renewable energy[edit]

In 2010 there was photovoltaics (PV) solar power 1,953 MW - fourth top in the EU. Kadaň Photovoltaics Plant is among large plants.

In 2010 there was 471 MW solar heating - 10th top in the EU.

In 2010 there was 215 MW wind power - 18th top in the EU.

EU and the Czech Republic Wind Energy Capacity (MW)[4][5][6][7]
No Country 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998
- EU-27 105,696 93,957 84,074 74,767 64,712 56,517 48,069 40,511 34,383 28,599 23,159 17,315 12,887 9,678 6,453
20 Czech Republic 260 217 215 192 150 116 54 28 17 9 3 0 0 0 0

Global warming[edit]

In 2007 the emissions were 11.8 tons CO2 per capita. Emission was equal in 1990. The EU average was 7.9 tons CO2 per capita. Emission was higher than in EU average and more so compared to some other East European countries: Hungary 5.4, Poland 8.0 and Slovak Republic 6.8.[8]

Business[edit]

According to Forbes list of billionaires (2011) Czech billionaire Zdenek Bakala ($2 B 2011) has made his wealth in coal business.[9] Forbes ranked Zdenek Bakala (Net Worth$1.5 B) as richest Czech in energy business (coal) in 2013. [10]

Bakala is the biggest player on the coal market in Central Europe. He has consolidated Polish mining markets into his company New World Resources.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ IEA Key World Energy Statistics Statistics 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2006 IEA October, crude oil p.11, coal p. 13 gas p. 15
  2. ^ Energy in Sweden 2010. Facts and figures. The Swedish Energy Agency. Table 8 Losses in nuclear power stations Table 9 Nuclear power brutto
  3. ^ Key world energy statistics 2010 IEA page 15
  4. ^ EWEA Staff (2010). "Cumulative installed capacity per EU Member State 1998 - 2009 (MW)". European Wind Energy Association. Retrieved 2010-05-22. 
  5. ^ EWEA Staff (February 2011). "EWEA Annual Statistics 2010". European Wind Energy Association. Retrieved 2011-01-31. 
  6. ^ EWEA Staff (February 2012). "EWEA Annual Statistics 2011". European Wind Energy Association. Retrieved 2011-02-18. 
  7. ^ Wind in power: 2012 European statistics February 2013
  8. ^ Energy in Sweden 2010, Facts and figures, The Swedish Energy Agency, Table 1 Emissions of carbon dioxide in total, per capita and per GDP in EU and OECD countries, 2007
  9. ^ Forbes list of billionaires (2011) Forbes list of billionaires (2011) Energy Forbes March 10, 2011
  10. ^ Billioners Czech Energy 2013
  11. ^ Profile Bakala Forbes March 2011