Energy in India

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Energy in India describes energy and electricity production, consumption and import in India. Energy policy of India describes the politics of India related to energy. Electricity sector in India is the main article of electricity in India. The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy provides data in the form of an annual report regarding progress in the energy sector.

India is net energy importer. India was 3rd top coal producer 2009. India imports oil and coal.

Overview[edit]

Energy in India[1]
Capita Prim. energy Production Import Electricity CO2-emission
Million TWh TWh TWh TWh Mt
2004 1,080 6,662 5,430 1,230 494 1,103
2007 1,123 6,919 5,244 1,745 610 1,324
2008 1,140 7, 222 5,446 1,836 645 1,428
2009 1,155 7,860 5,844 2,116 690 1,586
2010 1,171 8,056 6,032 2,110 755 1,626
2012 1,241 8,716 6,291 2,483 835 1,745
Change 2004-10 8.4% 20.9% 11.1% 72% 53% 47%
Mtoe = 11.63 TWh, Prim. energy includes energy losses that are 2/3 for nuclear power[2]

Coal[edit]

India was third top coal producer in 2010 with 8% production share of coal in the world. Top 10 hard and brown coal producers 2010 (2009) were (Mt): China 3,162 (2,971), United States 997 (985), India 571 (561), Australia 420 (399), Indonesia 336 (301), Russia 324 (297), South Africa 255 (247), Kazakhstan 111 (101), Poland 134 (135) and Colombia 74 (73).[3]

According to Greenpeace the largest coal belt in India is at Jharia. Before coal mining Jharia had forests inhabited by tribes. In 1971 the coal mines were nationalised. Bharat Coking Coal Limited (BCCL) took over Jharia coal mines.[4]

India accounts for the world’s greatest concentration of coal fires. Mine area suffers from pollution of air, water and land.[4]

Oil[edit]

India was 4th top crude oil importer 128 Mt in 2008. India has 5th top oil refinery capacity (4.1% of the world) and production of 162 Mt oil products (4.2% of the world). Net import of oil was 109 Mt in 2008.[5]

Electricity[edit]

India was 5th top electricity producer in the world 830 TWh in 2008.[6]

Energy Planning Tool[edit]

Under a group in India's Planning Commission, Energy Planning Tool 2052 is being undertaken with inter and intra sectoral cooperation. It is modeled on the lines of British model - 2050 Pathways, a tool used to explore how the UK can meet the 2050 emission reduction target using the web-based 2050 calculator.[7]

Business persons[edit]

Forbes ranked Indian Mukesh Ambani (Net Worth$21.5 B) as the richest person in the energy business in the world in 2013.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ IEA Key World Energy Statistics Statistics 201, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2006 IEA October, crude oil p.11, coal p. 13 gas p. 15
  2. ^ Energy in Sweden 2010, Facts and figures, The Swedish Energy Agency, Table 8 Losses in nuclear power stations Table 9 Nuclear power brutto
  3. ^ IEA Key energy statistics 2010 pages 11, 21
  4. ^ a b The True Cost of Coal Greenpeace 27.11.2008 page 24-29
  5. ^ IEA Key energy statistics 2010 Pages: crude oil 11, 21, refinery 23
  6. ^ IEA Key energy statistics 2010 Pages:27
  7. ^ http://www.business-standard.com/article/economy-policy/soon-vital-energy-stats-will-be-on-an-online-2052-calculator-113072200027_1.html
  8. ^ Mukesh Ambani Billioners Energy 2013