Energy in Portugal

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Energy in Portugal describes energy and electricity production, consumption and import in Portugal. Energy policy of Portugal will describe the politics of Portugal related to energy more in detail. Electricity sector in Portugal is the main article of electricity in Portugal.

Overview[edit]

Energy in Portugal[1]
Capita Prim. energy Production Import Electricity CO2-emission
Million TWh TWh TWh TWh Mt
2004 10.52 309 45 265 47.5 60.3
2007 10.61 292 54 254 51.6 55.2
2008 10.62 281 52 249 51.2 52.4
2009 10.63 280 57 240 51.2 53.1
2012 10.65 268 62 222 51.2 48.1
Change 2004-09 1.0 % -9.2 % 25.4 % -9.3 % 7.7 % -11.9 % Mtoe = 11.63 TWh . Prim. energy includes energy losses

Coal[edit]

Sines power plant (hard coal) started operation in 1985-1989 in Portugal. According to WWF its CO2 emissions were among the top dirty ones in Portugal in 2007.[2]

Natural gas[edit]

Maghreb–Europe Gas Pipeline(MEG) is a natural gas pipeline, from Algeria through Morocco to Andalusia, Spain,

Renewable energy[edit]

EU directive has a binding 31% target of renewables up from 20.5% in 2005. According to the Portuguese National Renewable Energy Action Plan by 2020 electricity will be produced: wind power 23% 14.6 TWh, of which 99% onshore, hydro power 22% 14.1 TWh, biomass 5% 3.52 TWh and photovoltaic solar power 2% 1.5 TWh and concentrated solar power 2% 1 TWh.[3]

Solar[edit]

Portugal has surported and increased the solar electricity (Photovoltaic power) and solar thermal energy (solar heating) during 2006-2010. Portugal was 9th in solar heating in the EU and 8th in solar power based on total volume in 2010.

Nuclear power[edit]

There were no nuclear power plants in Portugal as of 2014.

Electricity in Portugal[edit]

A Portuguese street lamp

Electricity use (gross production + imports – exports – losses) was 51.2 TWh in 2008. Portugal imported 9 TWh electricity in 2008. Population was 10.6 million.[4]

Wind power[edit]

Portugal produced 11% of electricity with wind power in 2008[5] and had the average year capacity of 14% of wind power in the end 2010. Wind power capacity was 3,357 MW in end 2009 and 3,702 MW in end 2010.[6]

EU and Portugal Wind Energy Capacity (MW)[7][8][9][10]
No Country 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998
- EU-27 105,696 93,957 84,074 74,767 64,712 56,517 48,069 40,511 34,383 28,599 23,159 17,315 12,887 9,678 6,453
6 Portugal 4,525 4,083 3,898 3,535 2,862 2,150 1,716 1,022 522 296 195 131 100 61 60

Solar power[edit]

Solar electricity production with the photovoltaic arrays is pollution-free. It is easily integrated into the urban environment, close to consumption needs. It does not emit greenhouse gases, it does not dip into finite fossil fuel resources. In Lisbon the energy payback time in the roof top solar photovoltaic (PV) technology is less than 2 years and less than in Sydney, Munich, Athens or Barcelona, but some more than in Madrid, Los Angeles or Ankara.[11]

Transport[edit]

The sustainable strategy has been a shift from individual to collective transport within the Lisbon Metropolitan Area (Metro Lisbon (ML), collective buses, Companhia Carris de ferro de Lisboa).

Global warming[edit]

CO2 emissions in 2009 (million tonnes)[12][13]
CO2 People (million)
Chile 66 16.8
Belarus 61 9.7
Syria 57 21.2
Turkmenistan 57 5.0
Portugal 57 10.6
Bangladesh 55 160.0
Libya 55 6.3
Serbia 52 7.4
Finland 52 5.3

According to Energy Information Administration the CO2 emissions from energy consumption of Portugal were in 2009 56.5 Mt, slightly over Bangladesh with 160 million people and Finland with 5.3 million people.[14] The emissions per capita were (tonnes): Portugal 5.58, India 1.38, China 5.83, Europe 7.14, Russia 11.23, North America 14.19, Singapore 34.59 and United Arab Emirates 40.31.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ IEA Key World Energy Statistics Statistics 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2006 IEA October, crude oil p.11, coal p. 13 gas p. 15
  2. ^ Dirty Thirty WWF 2007
  3. ^ EU Energy Policy to 2050 Achieving 80-95% emissions reductions, EWEA March 2011
  4. ^ IEA Key energy statistics 2010 Page: 27, 54
  5. ^ Pure Power EWEA December 2009
  6. ^ EWEA Annual statistics 2010
  7. ^ EWEA Staff (2010). "Cumulative installed capacity per EU Member State 1998 - 2009 (MW)". European Wind Energy Association. Retrieved 2010-05-22. 
  8. ^ EWEA Staff (February 2011). "EWEA Annual Statistics 2010". European Wind Energy Association. Retrieved 2011-01-31. 
  9. ^ EWEA Staff (February 2012). "EWEA Annual Statistics 2011". European Wind Energy Association. Retrieved 2011-02-18. 
  10. ^ Wind in power: 2012 European statistics February 2013
  11. ^ Compared assessment of selected environmental indicators of photovoltaic electricity in OECD cities European Photovoltaic Industry Association (EPIA) 5/2006
  12. ^ CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion
  13. ^ IEA Key World Energy Statistics 2011, October, population in the end tables
  14. ^ World carbon dioxide emissions data by country: China speeds ahead of the rest Guardian 31 January 2011
  15. ^ world carbon dioxide emissions country data co2 Guardian