Energy in Slovakia

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Energy in Slovakia describes energy and electricity production, consumption and import in Slovak Republic. Energy policy of Slovakia will describe the energy policy in the politics of Slovakia more in detail. Electricity sector in Slovakia is the main article of electricity in Slovakia.

Primary energy use in Slovakia was 194 TWh and 36 TWh per million persons in 2009.[1]

Overview[edit]

Energy in Slovakia[2]
Capita Prim. energy Production Import Electricity CO2-emission
Million TWh TWh TWh TWh Mt
2004 5.38 213 75 143 27.39 37.66
2007 5.40 208 70 144 28.34 36.80
2008 5.41 213 75 139 28.48 36.23
2009 5.42 194 69 131 26.69 33.17
2012 5.44 202 75 131 28.87 33.86
Change 2004-09 0.7  % -8.8 % -8.0  % -8.5 % -2.6 % -11.9 %
Mtoe = 11.63 TWh, Prim. energy includes energy losses [3]

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Slovakia is net energy importer. The share of import was 63% of the primary energy use in 2009.[1]

Fossil fuels[edit]

Oil[edit]

Slovnaft is the largest oil refinery in Slovakia.

Natural gas[edit]

Slovenský plynárenský priemysel (Slovak Gas Industry) is the main natural gas supplier in Slovakia.

Renewable energy[edit]

Wind power[edit]

In the end of 2010 wind power capacity in Slovakia 3 MW was the lowest of the EU countries, except Malta and Slovania.[4] EWEA’s targets are to produce 14-17% of the EU’s electricity with wind power in 2020, and save €28 billion a year in fuel costs in Europe.[5]

Climate change[edit]

Emissions of carbon dioxide in total, per capita in 2007 were 6.8 tons CO2 compared to EU 27 average 7.9 tons CO2. Emission change 2007/1990 (%) was -35.1 %. In Europe in 2007 the Slovakian emissions of carbon dioxide per capita (6.8 tons CO2) were higher than in Hungary 5.4, Sweden 5.1, Portugal 5.2 or Switzerland 5.6 and lower than in Czech Republic 11.8, Luxembourg 22.4, Finland 12.2, Netherlands 11.1, Germany 9.7 or Ireland 10.1[6]

1990 emissions were 74 Mt CO2 eq. The Kyoto protocol target is reduction of 6 Mt (-8 %).[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b IEA Key energy statistics 2010 Page: Country specific indicator numbers from page 48
  2. ^ IEA Key World Energy Statistics Statistics 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2006 IEA October, crude oil p.11, coal p. 13 gas p. 15
  3. ^ Energy in Sweden 2010. Facts and figures. The Swedish Energy Agency. Table 8 Losses in nuclear power stations Table 9 Nuclear power brutto
  4. ^ Wind in power 2010 European statistics EWEA February 2011 pages 4 and 11
  5. ^ Wind Energy Factsheets, European Wind Energy Association 2010
  6. ^ Energy in Sweden 2010, Table 1: Emissions of carbon dioxide in total, per capita and per GDP in EU and OECD countries, 2007
  7. ^ Wind energy and EU climate policy Achieving 30% lower emissions by 2020 EWEA October 2011 p. 39