Energy in Syria

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Energy in Syria describes energy and electricity production, consumption and import in Syria. Energy policy of Syria describes the politics of Syria related to energy. The 2011 Syrian uprising is an ongoing internal conflict in Syria.

Primary energy use in 2009 in Syria was 262 TWh and 12 TWh per million persons.[1]

Overview[edit]

Energy in Syria[2]
Capita Prim. energy Production Export Electricity CO2-emission
Million TWh TWh TWh TWh Mt
2004 18.58 214 343 129 24.5 47.8
2007 19.89 228 283 52 29.5 53.7
2008 21.23 229 273 43 31.3 54.4
2009 21.09 262 274 33 31.3 59.8
2010 20.45 253 322 51 39.0 57.8
Change 2004-10 10.1 % 17.8 % -6.3 % -60.5 % 59.2 % 20.9 %
Mtoe = 11.63 TWh. Prim. energy includes energy losses

Oil[edit]

According to BBC oil accounts for ca. 25% of Syria's income, estimated as $3.2bn for 2010. EU members account for ca. 95% of oil exports. Production was 400,000 barrels per day (64,000 m3/d) in 2009 and exports about 150,000 barrels per day (24,000 m3/d), mainlyGermany, Italy and France. According to BBC oil reserves were 2.5bn barrels in 2010.[3]

Business[edit]

The Syrian Petroleum Company (SPC) is a state-owned oil company established in 1974.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ IEA Key energy statistics 2011 Page: Country specific indicator numbers from page 48
  2. ^ IEA Key World Energy Statistics 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2006 IEA October, crude oil p.11, coal p. 13 gas p. 15
  3. ^ EU steps up Syria sanctions with ban on oil imports 2 September 2011 BBC