Energy in Venezuela

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Energy in Venezuela describes energy and electricity production, consumption and export from Venezuela. Energy policy of Venezuela describes the energy policy in the politics of Venezuela more in detail. Electricity sector in Venezuela is the main article of electricity in Venezuela.

Venezuela is a member of OPEC.

Overview[edit]

Energy in Venezuela[1]
Capita Prim. energy Production Export Electricity CO2-emission
Million TWh TWh TWh TWh Mt
2004 26.1 653 2,280 1,623 72.1 128
2007 27.5 741 2,138 1,381 84.6 144
2008 27.9 745 2,102 1,340 85.9 146
2009 28.4 778 2,367 1,503 89.5 155
2010 28.83 895 2,241 1,353 94.77 183.04
2012 29.28 816 2,335 1,506 97.73 159.22
Change 2004-10 10.3 % 37.0 % -1,7 % -16,6 % 31.4 % 42.6 %
Mtoe = 11.63 TWh, Prim. energy includes energy losses

Oil[edit]

By IEA the top oil producers in 2009 were (Mt): 1) Russia 494 2) Saudi Arabia 452 3) United States 320 4) Iran 206 5) China 194 6) Canada 152 7) Mexico 146 8) Venezuela 126 9) Kuwait 124 and 10) UAE 120[2]

Main oil company is Petróleos de Venezuela (PDVSA).

Oil fields include Bolivar Coastal Field, Boscán Field, Maracaibo Basin and Orinoco Belt.

Electricity[edit]

Water power[edit]

Caruachi Dam, Caroní River in Bolivar state, Venezuela (2006) 12 TWh/year

Hydro power provided 74% of domestic electricity in 2008. Venezuela produced 87 TWh hydro power in 2008, 2.6% of the world total. Venezuela was top 8th in hydro electricity in 2008.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ IEA Key World Energy Statistics Statistics 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2006 IEA October, crude oil p.11, coal p. 13 gas p. 15
  2. ^ IEA Key energy statistics 2010, page 11
  3. ^ IEA Key energy statistics 2010 Page: Country specific indicator numbers from page 48