Energy in Ireland

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Energy in Ireland describes energy and electricity production, consumption and import in the Republic of Ireland. The Energy policy of Ireland will describe the politics of the Republic of Ireland related to energy more in detail. Electricity sector in Ireland is the main article of electricity in Ireland.

This article concerns the Republic of Ireland (Ireland).

Ireland is net energy importer. Primary energy use in Ireland was 167 TWh and 37 TWh per million persons in 2009.[1]

Ringsend Power Station
ESB Group, a semi-state electricity company

Overview[edit]

Energy in Ireland[2]
Capita Prim. energy Production Export Electricity CO2-emission
Million TWh TWh TWh TWh Mt
2004 4.06 177 22 162 25.1 41.4
2007 4.36 175 16 165 27.3 44.1
2008 4.44 174 18 167 27.9 43.8
2009 4.47 167 18 154 26.9 39.5
2012 4.58 154 21 145 26.1 34.9
Change 2004-09 10.1 % -5.7 % -19.5 % -5.0 % 7.2 % -4.7 %
Mtoe = 11.63 TWh, Prim. energy includes energy losses

Fossil fuels[edit]

Natural gas[edit]

Natural gas fields in Ireland Include Corrib gas project and Kinsale Head gas field.

Peat[edit]

Ireland uses peat, a fuel composed of decayed plants and other organic matter which is usually found in swampy lowlands known as bogs, as energy which is not common in Europe.

Oil[edit]

The Irish oil explorer is Providence Resources, CEO Tony O'Reilly, Junior and among the main owners Tony O'Reilly with a 40% stake.[3]

Renewable energy[edit]

Renewable energy accounts for approximately 7.2% of Ireland's energy needs.

According to Irish Minister for Energy Pat Rabbitte a new target of 45% renewable energy in the EU by 2030 is realistic to drive Europe out of the crisis to a strong sustainable growth path.(EWEA 2013) .[4]

Wind power[edit]

Wind power in the Republic of Ireland is one of the major electricity sources. In the end of 2010 wind power capacity was 1,428 MW.[5] In 2010 the wind power capacity was 320 W/person when the European Union average was 169 W/person.[6]

EU and Ireland Wind Energy Capacity (MW)[7][8][9][10]
No Country 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998
EU-27 105,696 93,957 84,074 74,767 64,712 56,517 48,069 40,511 34,383 28,599 23,159 17,315 12,887 9,678 6,453
13 Ireland 1,738 1,631 1,428 1,260 1,027 795 746 496 339 190 137 124 118 74 73

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ IEA Key energy statistics 2010 Page: Country specific indicator numbers from page 48
  2. ^ IEA Key World Energy Statistics Statistics 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2006 IEA October, crude oil p.11, coal p. 13 gas p. 15
  3. ^ Irish oil find expected to yield 280m barrels of oil, Ireland's first offshore oilfield will yield much more oil than expected, Providence Resources said The Guardian 10 October 2012
  4. ^ Fossil fuel subsidies are “public enemy number one” – IEA Chief EWEA 4 February 2013
  5. ^ EWEA Annual Statistics 2010 European Wind Energy Association, February 2011
  6. ^ Pure Power, Wind Energy Scenarios up to 2030 EWEA April 2008 s. 20–21
  7. ^ EWEA Staff (2010). "Cumulative installed capacity per EU Member State 1998 – 2009 (MW)". European Wind Energy Association. Retrieved 22 May 2010. 
  8. ^ EWEA Staff (February 2011). "EWEA Annual Statistics 2010" (PDF). European Wind Energy Association. Retrieved 31 January 2011. 
  9. ^ EWEA Staff (February 2012). "EWEA Annual Statistics 2011" (PDF). European Wind Energy Association. Retrieved 18 February 2011. 
  10. ^ Wind in power: 2012 European statistics February 2013