Engaru, Hokkaido

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Engaru
遠軽町
Town
The town view from Gambōiwa
The town view from Gambōiwa
Official logo of Engaru
Logo
Location of Engaru in Hokkaido (Okhotsk Subprefecture)
Location of Engaru in Hokkaido (Okhotsk Subprefecture)
Engaru is located in Japan
Engaru
Engaru
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 44°4′N 143°32′E / 44.067°N 143.533°E / 44.067; 143.533Coordinates: 44°4′N 143°32′E / 44.067°N 143.533°E / 44.067; 143.533
Country Japan
Region Hokkaido
Prefecture Hokkaido (Okhotsk Subprefecture)
District Mombetsu
Area
 • Total 1,332.32 km2 (514.41 sq mi)
Population (July 2013)
 • Total 21,827
 • Density 16.4/km2 (42/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
Symbols
- Tree Sargent's cherry
- Flower Sunflower
Address 1-1 1 Jō-Kita 3chōme, Engaru-chō, Hokkaido
099-0403
Website Official website

Engaru (遠軽町 Engaru-chō?) is a town in the Monbetsu district of Okhotsk subprefecture in Hokkaido, Japan. The name comes from the Ainu place name inkar-us-i (lit. "overlook-always doing-place"), meaning a lookout point.[1][2]

On October 1, 2005, the towns of Ikutahara and Maruseppu, and the village of Shirataki, all from Monbetsu District merged into the expanded town of Engaru.[3] As of July 2013, the town has an estimated population of 21,827.[4] The total area is 1,332.32 square kilometres (514.41 sq mi),[5] making it the fifth largest municipality in Hokkaido.[6]

Engaru is known as the place where Aikido originated, in the Shirataki area.[7] It is also where the largest cosmos flower park in Japan is located. An Upper Paleolithic site at Shirataki Site Group is the source of some Yubetsu technique stone blades dating from approximately 13,000 years ago.

History[edit]

  • 1869: Current town area was part of the Wakayama Domain (or Kishū Domain) jurisdiction.[8] There were expanses of plains.
  • 1896: The Church of Christ in Japan established the Hokkaido Comrades Education Association, and planned a Christian university at Engaru.[2][9]
  • 1897: On 7 May, the first immigrant party[2][8] of the Hokkaido Comrades Education Association arrived in Engaru, the first party to immigrate at Engaru. But the final construction of the university's plan did not materialize.[2][8][9]
  • 1919: The village of Engaru is split off from Kamiyūbetsu (now the town of Yūbetsu).[8]
  • 1925: The village of Ikutahara split off, becoming its own town in 1934.[8]
  • 1934: Engaru becomes a town.[8]
  • 1946: The villages of Maruseppu (later becoming a town) and Shirataki are split off.[8]
  • 2005: The towns of Engaru, Ikutahara, Maruseppu, and the village of Shirataki merge to form the new town of Engaru.[3]

Notable geography[edit]

  • Mountains: Mt. Murii, 1,876 metres (6,155 ft); Mt. Hirayama, 1,771 metres (5,810 ft); Mt. Shiyūbetsu, 1,688 metres (5,538 ft); Mt. Chitokaniushi, 1,446 metres (4,744 ft); Mt. Kitami-Fuji, 1,306 metres (4,285 ft)
  • Major rivers: Yūbetsu River; Ikutahara River; Maruseppu River; Setose River; Shanafuchi River; Murii River
  • Waterfalls: Yamabiko no Taki, Rokumei no Taki, Jūsan no Taki, Shirataki
  • Others: Gambōiwa (瞰望岩?), a rocky hill made of underwater lava of andesitic (hyaloclastite) which was spewn out from an underwater volcano in the Miocene Epoch of the Neogene Period in the Cenozoic Era (about 7 million years ago) with volcanic sandstone conglomerate. The top of the cliff is about 78 metres (256 ft) high.

Industry[edit]

The major industries are commercial forestry, wood processing, and agriculture.

In the past, Engaru Station was the intersection of the Nayoro Main Line (closed in 1989) and the Sekihoku Main Line. It had an important position in business and overall development.

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen climate classification, Engaru has a humid continental climate (Dfb) with warm summers and very cold winters.

Climate data for Engaru, Hokkaido (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 9.2
(48.6)
12.0
(53.6)
17.1
(62.8)
30.9
(87.6)
32.7
(90.9)
35.3
(95.5)
36.4
(97.5)
36.6
(97.9)
33.3
(91.9)
27.8
(82)
22.8
(73)
16.6
(61.9)
36.6
(97.9)
Average high °C (°F) −2.7
(27.1)
−2.1
(28.2)
2.4
(36.3)
10.6
(51.1)
17.0
(62.6)
20.3
(68.5)
23.7
(74.7)
25.5
(77.9)
21.3
(70.3)
15.3
(59.5)
7.3
(45.1)
0.3
(32.5)
11.6
(52.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −8.3
(17.1)
−8.1
(17.4)
−2.9
(26.8)
4.6
(40.3)
10.4
(50.7)
14.3
(57.7)
18.2
(64.8)
19.9
(67.8)
15.3
(59.5)
8.9
(48)
2.1
(35.8)
−4.7
(23.5)
5.81
(42.45)
Average low °C (°F) −15.1
(4.8)
−15.4
(4.3)
−9.1
(15.6)
−1.4
(29.5)
4.0
(39.2)
9.0
(48.2)
13.6
(56.5)
15.3
(59.5)
9.9
(49.8)
3.0
(37.4)
−3
(27)
−10.5
(13.1)
0.0
(32.0)
Record low °C (°F) −29.2
(−20.6)
−29.5
(−21.1)
−26.2
(−15.2)
−18.1
(−0.6)
−5
(23)
−0.6
(30.9)
3.7
(38.7)
5.6
(42.1)
0.7
(33.3)
−5.2
(22.6)
−16.6
(2.1)
−23.9
(−11)
−29.5
(−21.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 49.5
(1.949)
32.1
(1.264)
34.4
(1.354)
40.9
(1.61)
54.8
(2.157)
58.2
(2.291)
97.7
(3.846)
114.5
(4.508)
113.7
(4.476)
80.5
(3.169)
51.1
(2.012)
52.9
(2.083)
794.5
(31.28)
Snowfall cm (inches) 162
(63.8)
135
(53.1)
120
(47.2)
30
(11.8)
2
(0.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
24
(9.4)
117
(46.1)
596
(234.6)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 92.4 110.2 155.2 166.2 182.9 167.0 144.9 151.1 152.2 143.6 109.8 91.2 1,671
Source #1: Japan Meteorological Agency[10]
Source #2: Japan Meteorological Agency[11]

Gallery[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "瞰望岩(がんぼういわ)" Engaru Town Hall
  2. ^ a b c d "遠軽町百年史" Engaru Town Hall, August 1998
  3. ^ a b "遠軽町の沿革" Engaru Town Hall
  4. ^ "人口・世帯・動態(平成25年度)" Engaru Town Hall
  5. ^ "位置・面積" Engaru Town Hall
  6. ^ "全国都道府県市区町村別面積調" Geospatial Information Authority of Japan, 2011
  7. ^ a b "合気道開祖・植芝盛平翁(Aikido Founder・Morihei Ueshiba)" Tanabe City Hall
  8. ^ a b c d e f g "旧遠軽町の沿革" Engaru Town Hall
  9. ^ a b "日本キリスト教会北海道中会遠軽教会" The Church of Christ in Japan
  10. ^ "平年値(年・月ごとの値)". Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 11 August 2013. 
  11. ^ "観測史上1〜10位の値(年間を通じての値)". Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 11 August 2013. 
  12. ^ "安彦良和-Writerprofile" 安彦良和-WORLD
  13. ^ "ガンダム遠軽(だいち)に立て!!~町職員から広がるまちづくり~ - 第34回兵庫自治研集会 第8分科会 都市(まち)と地方の再生とまちづくり" All-Japan Prefectural and Municipal Workers Union, October 2012
  14. ^ "北海道の遠軽町が「ガンダム」で街おこし" Hokkaido Shimbun, 23 June 2011
  15. ^ "田中 雅美プロフィール" Sankei, co.

External links[edit]