England and Wales police and crime commissioner elections, 2012

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Police and Crime Commissioner elections, 2012
United Kingdom
15 November 2012
→ 2016

37 Police and Crime Commissioners in England

4 Police and Crime Commissioners in Wales

Turnout 15.1%
  First party Second party Third party
  David Cameron Ed Miliband
Leader David Cameron Ed Miliband
Party Conservative Labour Independent
Leader since 6 December 2005 25 September 2010
Popular vote 1,480,323 1,716,024 1,238,983
Commissioners 16 13 12
Commissioners +/–

England and Wales Police and Crime Commission elections 2012 map.svg

The 41 police force areas within England and Wales where elections were held

The 2012 Police and Crime Commissioner elections were polls held in most police areas in England and Wales on Thursday 15 November.[1][2] The direct election of Police and Crime Commissioners (PCCs) was originally scheduled for May 2012[3] but was postponed in order to secure the passage of the Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011 through the House of Lords.[4] The Government considers the elected Commissioners to have a stronger mandate than the "unelected and invisible police authorities that they replace".[5] The elections took place alongside by-elections for the House of Commons in Cardiff South and Penarth, Corby and Manchester Central, and a mayoral election in Bristol.

Police and Crime Commissioner elections were for 41 of the 43 territorial police forces in England and Wales;[6] only the City of London Police and Metropolitan Police were not involved (the elected Mayor of London is classed as the Police and Crime Commissioner for the Metropolitan Police Area, while the Court of Common Council serves the role for the City Police[7]). Elections for Police and Crime Commissioners did not take place in Scotland or Northern Ireland as policing and justice powers are devolved to the Scottish Parliament and Northern Ireland Assembly.

The elections were marked by very low turnouts, between 10–20%, and numbers of spoilt votes (somewhat higher than other elections under the same voting system[8][9]), sparking a debate about their legitimacy and organisation.[10] The day after the election, former Home Secretary Charles Clarke suggested that, because of the low turnout and high number of spoilt ballot papers, there was no popular mandate for the new commissioners. The Electoral Commission said that it would be reviewing the results.[11]

Election details[edit]

England and Wales Police and Crime Commission voter turnout 2012.

Commissioners have a set four-year term of office and a maximum of two terms.[12]

The election took place using the supplementary vote system, with voters marking the ballot paper with their first and second choices of candidate. If no candidate got a majority of first preference votes, the top two candidates went on to a second round in which second preference votes of the eliminated candidates were allocated to them to produce a winner. This is the system used to elect London's mayor.[13] Section 57 of the Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011 directs that the voting system is First past the post if there are only two candidates for a specific Commissioner region. (This was the case in the North Yorkshire, Staffordshire and Dyfed-Powys police force areas)[14]

A dedicated website was launched providing information on all candidates[15] from which voters could request hardcopy information leaflets printed to order.[16][17]

All registered electors (British, Irish, Commonwealth and European Union citizens) living in England and Wales (except London) who were aged 18 or over on Thursday 15 November 2012 were entitled to vote in the PCC elections.[18] Those who were temporarily away from their ordinary address (for example, away working, on holiday, in student accommodation or in hospital) could still vote in the PCC elections.[19] Those who were registered to vote at more than one address (such as a university student who has a term-time address and lives at home during holidays) were entitled to vote in the PCC elections at each address, as long as they are not in the same police force area.[20]

The deadline to register to vote in the PCC elections was midnight on Wednesday 31 October 2012, though anyone who qualified as an anonymous elector had until midnight on Thursday 8 November 2012 to register.[21] Nominations for candidates closed at midday on Friday 19 October 2012, and the official list of nominated candidates was published on Tuesday 23 October 2012.[22]

Electoral Commission[edit]

On 11 September 2012 the Electoral Commission, the independent elections watchdog in the UK, announced it would run a public awareness campaign from Monday 22 October 2012 until polling day 15 November 2012. A booklet was sent to every household in England and Wales with factual information on the PCC elections. The Commission also published a briefing note setting out the steps that needed to be taken to ensure the Police and Crime Commissioner elections were well run.[23] Jenny Watson, Chair of the Electoral Commission said: “While we don’t agree with the decisions taken by the Government about how to make people aware of these elections, it’s now time to focus on making the arrangements work for voters."[24]

Party positions[edit]

Liberal Democrat Candidates in England and Wales.
UKIP Candidates in England and Wales.

Both Labour and the Conservatives fielded candidates in all 41 elections, while the Liberal Democrats fielded 24 candidates (all in England) and UKIP fielded 23 candidates in England and one in North Wales. The English Democrats fielded five candidates, the Green Party had just one candidate, and the British Freedom Party also had one candidate. Plaid Cymru did not stand any candidates for the four Welsh constabularies. There were 57 other candidates; 54 stood as independents and three stood under other labels (Justice and Anti-Corruption, Campaign to Stop Politicians Running Policing and Zero Tolerance Policing ex Chief).

Party funding[edit]

Candidates standing for election were required to post a £5,000 deposit, which was returned if they received at least 5 per cent of the vote.

The Labour Party initially considered not fielding candidates under party colours in favour of independent candidates, claiming that running candidates would politicise police forces.[25] However the Party subsequently changed its position, letting candidates stand as Labour candidates and funding their deposits.

The Conservative Party Central Office did not provide any funding for Conservative candidates, leaving them to either fund deposits out of their own pockets or be funded by local Conservative associations.[26]

The Liberal Democrats Federal Executive Committee voted against providing funds for regional parties who wished to stand candidates.[27]

Turnout[edit]

In August 2012 the Electoral Reform Society predicted that Government mishandling of the elections was likely to lead to the lowest election turnout in UK peacetime history.[28]

Turnout was low for the elections across England and Wales, being below 20% in most areas[29] - with a total turnout of 15.1%. Lack of information (both on the election itself and from the candidates), divided public opinion and the November timing of the election were cited as factors for this.[30] It has also been argued that the election should be have held on the same day as local elections.[31]

Results[edit]

Summary[edit]

Summary of the November 2012 England and Wales Police and Crime Commissioner election results
Political Party
1st Round 2nd Round Commissioners
Candidates Votes % Elected Candidates Votes % Elected No. %
Conservative 41 1,480,323 27.63% 3 26 1,311,815 38.42% 13 16 39%
Labour 41 1,716,024 32.03% 5 22 1,081,718 31.68% 8 13 32%
Independent 52 1,238,983 23.13% 0 16 932,706 27.32% 11 11 27%
Other 3 86,166 1.61% 0 2 87,879 2.57% 1 1 2%
Liberal Democrat 24 383,887 7.17% 0 0 0 0.00% 0 0 0%
UKIP 24 375,587 7.01% 0 0 0 0.00% 0 0 0%
English Democrats 5 59,308 1.11% 0 0 0 0.00% 0 0 0%
British Freedom 1 8,675 0.16% 0 0 0 0.00% 0 0 0%
Green 1 8,484 0.16% 0 0 0 0.00% 0 0 0%
Total 192 5,357,437 100.00% 8 66 3,414,118 100.00% 33 41 100%
Rejected Votes
Eliminated Votes 0
Total Polled
Electorate 36,291,447
Turnout 15%

England[edit]

Avon and Somerset Constabulary[edit]

  • Bob Ashford was the original Labour candidate,[32][33] but stood down on 8 August due to a conviction, received when aged 13,[34][35] and was replaced with Dr John Savage, a businessman who chairs a local NHS hospital trust.[36]
  • Cllr Pete Levy was the Liberal Democrat candidate.[37]
  • Cllr Ken Maddock, former leader of Somerset County Council, was the Conservative candidate.[38][39]
  • Sue Mountstevens, a Bristol magistrate, was an independent candidate.[40]
  • Ian Kealey was selected as the UKIP candidate, but withdrew.[41]
Avon and Somerset Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2012 [42][43][44]
Party Candidate 1st Round  % 2nd Round Total  First Round Votes  Transfer Votes 
Independent Sue Mountstevens 83,985 35.81% 41,719 125,704
Conservative Ken Maddock 57,094 24.35% 10,748 67,842
Labour John Savage 49,989 21.32%
Liberal Democrat Pete Levy 43,446 18.53%
Turnout 234,514 18.82%
Rejected ballots 9,190 3.77%
Total votes 243,704 19.56%
Registered electors 1,246,031
Independent win
Breakdown of turnout[edit]

The turnout is broken down as follows:

Number Explanation
234,514[42] Total ballots verified and counted and valid
9,190[42][43] Spoilt ballots
243,704[42][43] Total ballots verified and counted
338[42] Ballot papers not counted
244,042[42][43] Total ballots verified (initial estimate)
79 Revision after South Gloucestershire Council figure changed to 33,512[44] from 33,591[42]
243,963[44] Total ballots verified (after South Gloucestershire Council revision)

Bedfordshire Police[edit]

Bedfordshire Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2012 [47][48][49]
Party Candidate 1st Round  % 2nd Round Total  First Round Votes  Transfer Votes 
Labour Olly Martins 27,947 34.03% 8,011 35,958
Conservative Jas Parmar 26,226 31.93% 5,874 32,100
Liberal Democrat Linda Jack 11,205 13.64%
British Freedom Kevin Carroll 8,675 10.56%
Independent Mezanur Rashid 8,076 9.83%
Turnout 82,129 17.75%
Rejected ballots 2,041 2.42%
Total votes 84,170 18.19%
Registered electors 462,823
Labour win
Breakdown of turnout[edit]

The turnout is broken down as follows:

Number Explanation
82,129[50] Total ballots verified (initial estimate)
2,041 Spoilt ballots (=3[51] + 874[51] + 26[51] + 4488[51] + 2211[51])
84,170[51] Total ballots verified (final estimate)

Cambridgeshire Constabulary[edit]

  • Ansar Ali, a member of the Police Authority, stood as an independent candidate.[37][52]
  • Sir Graham Bright, former Conservative MP for Luton South, was the Conservative candidate,[52][53] replacing former RAF officer Air commodore John Pye, who was initially selected as the Conservative candidate but later stood down.[38]
  • Paul Bullen, a magistrate, was the UKIP candidate.[52][54]
  • Stephen Goldspink, former Peterborough councillor, stood for the English Democrats.[52][55]
  • Farooq Mohammed stood as an independent candidate.[52]
  • Rupert Moss-Eccardt, former Cambridge councillor, stood for the Liberal Democrats.[52]
  • Cllr Ed Murphy was the Labour candidate.[32][37][52]
Cambridgeshire Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2012 [56]
Party Candidate 1st Round  % 2nd Round Total  First Round Votes  Transfer Votes 
Conservative Sir Graham Bright 23,731 26.78% 7,909 31,640
Labour Ed Murphy 17,576 19.84% 7,538 25,114
UKIP Paul Bullen 14,504 16.37%
Independent Ansar Ali 12,706 14.34%
Liberal Democrat Rupert Moss-Eccardt 7,530 8.50%
English Democrats Stephen Goldspink 7,219 8.15%
Independent Farooq Mohammed 5,337 6.02%
Turnout 88,603 14.77%
Rejected ballots 2,892 3.16%
Total votes 91,495 15.25%
Registered electors 599,894
Conservative win

Cheshire Constabulary[edit]

  • Ainsley Arnold, Vice Chairman of Cheshire Police Authority, was the Liberal Democrat candidate.[57]
  • Louise Bours, a former councillor and Mayor of Congleton, was the UKIP candidate.[57]
  • John Dwyer, former assistant chief constable of Cheshire, was the Conservative candidate.[38]
  • Sarah Flannery, a businesswoman, stood as an independent.[57]
  • Cllr John Stockton was the Labour candidate.[32][58]
Cheshire Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2012 [59]
Party Candidate 1st Round  % 2nd Round Total  First Round Votes  Transfer Votes 
Conservative John Dwyer 40,122 36.84% 8,469 48,591
Labour John Stockton 30,974 28.44% 6,376 37,350
Independent Sarah Flannery 18,596 17.08%
Liberal Democrat Ainsley Arnold 10,653 9.78%
UKIP Louise Bours 8,557 7.86%
Turnout 108,902 13.74%
Rejected ballots 2,415 2.17%
Total votes 111,317 14.04%
Registered electors 792,852
Conservative win

Cleveland Police[edit]

  • Sultan Allam was an Independent.
  • Cllr Barry Coppinger was the Labour candidate.[32]
  • Cllr Ken Lupton was the Conservative candidate.[38]
  • Cllr Joe Michna was the Green Party candidate.
Cleveland Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2012 [60][61]
Party Candidate 1st Round  % 2nd Round Total  First Round Votes  Transfer Votes 
Labour Barry Coppinger 25,691 41.58% 5,649 31,340
Conservative Ken Lupton 16,047 25.97% 4,124 20,171
Independent Sultan Alam 11,561 18.71%
Green Joe Michna 8,484 13.73%
Turnout 61,783 14.73%
Rejected ballots
Total votes
Registered electors 419,397
Labour win

Cumbria Constabulary[edit]

  • Cllr Pru Jupe was the Liberal Democrat candidate.
  • Patrick Leonard was the Labour candidate.[32]
  • Richard Rhodes, a magistrate and former headmaster, was the Conservative candidate.[38]
  • Cllr Mary Robinson stood as an independent candidate.
Cumbria Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2012 [62][63][64]
Party Candidate 1st Round  % 2nd Round Total  First Round Votes  Transfer Votes 
Conservative Richard Rhodes 18,080 29.04% 7,328 25,408
Labour Patrick Leonard 15,301 24.58% 5,016 20,317
Independent Mary Robinson 15,245 24.49%
Liberal Democrat Pru Jupe 13,625 21.89%
Turnout 62,249 15.87%
Rejected ballots 2,014 3.13%
Total votes 64,263 16.38%
Registered electors 392,285
Conservative win

Derbyshire Constabulary[edit]

  • Alan Charles, Police Authority Deputy, was the Labour candidate.[32]
  • David Gale, a businessman, was the UKIP candidate.
  • Rod Hutton, a former Police Officer, stood as an independent.
  • Cllr Simon Spencer, Deputy Leader of Derbyshire County Council, was the Conservative candidate.[38]
Derbyshire Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2012 [65][66][67]
Party Candidate 1st Round  % 2nd Round Total  First Round Votes  Transfer Votes 
Labour Alan Charles 50,028 44.31% 7,220 57,248
Conservative Simon Spencer 27,690 24.52% 8,779 36,469
UKIP David Gale 18,097 16.03%
Independent Rod Hutton 17,093 15.14%
Turnout 112,908 14.36%
Rejected ballots 3,049 2.63%
Total votes 115,957 14.74%
Registered electors 786,417
Labour win

Devon and Cornwall Police[edit]

  • Brian Blake, a former Devon and Cornwall Constabulary and Ministry of Defence Police Officer with three decades service with Devon and Cornwall Police and thirteen years service with the Ministry of Defence Police, stood for the Liberal Democrats.[68]
  • Brian Greenslade, former Chairman of Devon & Cornwall Police Authority, former Liberal Democrat Chairman of Devon County Council and Resources Chair and Board Member APA, stood as an independent.[38]
  • Commodore Tony Hogg, Commanding Officer of RNAS Culdrose, was the Conservative candidate.[38]
  • Ivan Jordan RIBA, chartered architect and farmer, stood as an independent[69]
  • William Morris, Secretary General of the Next Century Foundation (NFC) and Chairman of the International Council for Press and Broadcasting, stood as an independent candidate.[70]
  • John Smith, a former Chairman of Devon & Cornwall Police Authority and former Liberal Democrat Devon County Councillor, stood as an independent.[71]
  • Nicky Williams was the Labour candidate.[32]
Devon and Cornwall Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2012 [72]
Party Candidate 1st Round  % 2nd Round Total  First Round Votes  Transfer Votes 
Conservative Tony Hogg 55,257 28.98% 14,162 69,419
Independent Brian Greenslade 24,719 12.96% 12,524 37,243
Labour Nicky Williams 24,196 12.69%
Liberal Democrat Brian Blake 23,948 12.56%
UKIP Robert Smith 16,433 8.62%
Independent Ivan Jordan 12,382 6.49%
Independent William Morris 10,586 5.55%
Independent John Smith 10,171 5.33%
Independent Graham Calderwood 8,667 4.55%
Independent Tam Macpherson 4,306 2.26%
Turnout 190,665 14.66%
Rejected ballots 6,339 3.22%
Total votes 197,004 15.14%
Registered electors 1,300,925
Conservative win

Dorset Police[edit]

Dorset Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2012[74][75]
Party Candidate 1st Round  % 2nd Round Total  First Round Votes  Transfer Votes 
Independent Martyn Underhill 43,425 45.16% 8,505 51,930
Conservative Nick King 31,165 32.41% 3,286 34,451
Labour Rachel Rogers 11,596 12.06%
Liberal Democrat Andy Canning 9,963 10.36%
Turnout 96,149 16.34%
Rejected ballots 2,527 2.56%
Total votes 98,676 16.77%
Registered electors 588,458
Independent win

Durham Constabulary[edit]

Durham Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2012 [77]
Party Candidate 1st Round  % 2nd Round Total  First Round Votes  Transfer Votes 
Labour Ron Hogg 36,171 51.56%
Independent Kingsley Smith 18,813 26.83%
UKIP Michael Costello 8,257 11.77%
Conservative Nick Varley 6,900 9.84%
Turnout 70,141 14.42%
Rejected ballots 1,445 2.02%
Total votes 71,586 14.72%
Registered electors 486,264
Labour win

Essex Police[edit]

  • Nick Alston, a retired naval officer and director in the Civil Service, was the Conservative candidate.[38][78]
  • Linda Belgrove, former Vice Chair of Essex Police Authority, was an independent candidate.
  • Val Morris Cook, deputy leader of Thurrock Council, was the Labour candidate.[32]
  • Andrew Smith, a businessman, was the UKIP candidate.
  • Mick Thwaites, a former chief superintendent, stood as an independent.[45]
  • Robin Tilbrook, National Chairman of the English Democrats, stood as the English Democrats' candidate.[45]
Essex Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2012 [79][80]
Party Candidate 1st Round  % 2nd Round Total  First Round Votes  Transfer Votes 
Conservative Nick Alston 51,325 30.51% 11,025 62,350
Independent Mick Thwaites 40,132 23.85% 18,532 58,664
Labour Val Morris-Cook 27,926 16.60%
Independent Linda Belgrove 22,163 13.17%
UKIP Andrew Smith 15,138 9.00%
English Democrats Robin Tilbrook 11,550 6.87%
Turnout 168,234 12.81%
Rejected ballots 3,452 2.01%
Total votes 171,686 13.07%
Registered electors 1,313,745
Conservative win

Gloucestershire Constabulary[edit]

  • Victoria Atkins, a lawyer, was the Conservative candidate.[38]
  • Alistair Cameron, former leader of Cheltenham Borough Council, was the Liberal Democrat candidate.[81]
  • Rupi Dhanda, a lawyer, was the Labour candidate.[32]
  • Retired Superintendent Martin Surl stood as an independent[45]
Gloucestershire Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2012 [82][83][84][85]
Party Candidate 1st Round  % 2nd Round Total  First Round Votes  Transfer Votes 
Independent Martin Surl 27,676 35.26% 8,910 36,586
Conservative Victoria Atkins 28,422 36.21% 3,917 32,339
Labour Rupi Dhanda 13,741 17.50%
Liberal Democrat Alistair Cameron 8,663 11.04%
Turnout 78,502 15.96%
Rejected ballots 2,115 2.62%
Total votes 80,617 15.96%
Registered electors 491,776
Independent win

Greater Manchester Police[edit]

  • Matt Gallagher, a former police officer, was the Liberal Democrat candidate.[86]
  • Tony Lloyd, Labour MP for Manchester Central until he resigned to fight this election, was the Labour candidate.[32][45]
  • Roy Warren, a magistrate, stood as an independent candidate.
  • Michael Winstanley was the Conservative candidate.[38]
  • Steven Woolfe, a lawyer, was the UKIP candidate.
Greater Manchester Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2012 [87][88][89]
Party Candidate 1st Round  % 2nd Round Total  First Round Votes  Transfer Votes 
Labour Tony Lloyd 139,437 51.23%
Conservative Michael Winstanley 42,478 15.61%
Liberal Democrat Matt Gallagher 40,318 14.81%
Independent Roy Warren 26,664 9.80%
UKIP Steven Woolfe 23,256 8.55%
Turnout 272,153 13.59%
Rejected ballots 6,823 2.45%
Total votes 278,976 13.93%
Registered electors 2,002,309
Labour win

Hampshire Constabulary[edit]

  • Cllr David Goodall, an Eastleigh Borough Councillor, was the Liberal Democrat Candidate.[90]
  • Simon Hayes was an independent.[91] He is Chairman of Hampshire and Isle of Wight Crimestoppers, Conservative Councillor and former Chair of Hampshire Police Authority.
  • Michael Mates, former Conservative MP for East Hampshire, was the Conservative candidate.[38]
  • Cllr Jacqui Rayment was the Labour candidate.[38]
  • Cllr Stephen West, after defecting from the Conservative Party, was the UKIP candidate.[92]
Hampshire Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2012 [93][94]
Party Candidate 1st Round  % 2nd Round Total  First Round Votes  Transfer Votes 
Independent Simon Hayes 47,632 22.48% 33,037 80,669
Conservative Michael Mates 52,616 24.83% 13,188 65,804
Labour Jacqui Rayment 38,813 18.32%
Liberal Democrat David Goodall 27,197 12.84%
Justice and Anti-Corruption Don Jerrard 24,443 11.53%
UKIP Stephen West 21,185 10.00%
Turnout 211,886 14.63%
Rejected ballots 5,595 2.57%
Total votes 217,481 15.02%
Registered electors 1,448,374
Independent win

Hertfordshire Constabulary[edit]

  • Cllr Sherma Batson was the Labour candidate.[32]
  • Cllr David Lloyd was the Conservative candidate.[38]
  • Marion Mason, a former councillor, was the UKIP candidate.
  • Cllr Christopher Townsend was the Liberal Democrat candidate.[95]
Hertfordshire Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2012 [96][97][98]
Party Candidate 1st Round  % 2nd Round Total  First Round Votes  Transfer Votes 
Conservative David Lloyd 54,686 45.89% 10,899 65,585
Labour Sherma Batson 34,528 28.98% 8,302 42,830
Liberal Democrat Christopher Townsend 16,790 14.09%
UKIP Marion Mason 13,154 11.04%
Turnout 119,158 14.10%
Rejected ballots 3,797 3.09%
Total votes 122,955 14.55%
Registered electors 845,253
Conservative win

Humberside Police[edit]

John Prescott in June 2007
Humberside Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2012 [103][104]
Party Candidate 1st Round  % 2nd Round Total  First Round Votes  Transfer Votes 
Conservative Matthew Grove 29,440 22.01% 12,724 42,164
Labour John Prescott 33,282 24.88% 6,651 39,933
Independent Paul Davison 28,807 21.54%
UKIP Godfrey Bloom 21,484 16.06%
Liberal Democrat Simone Butterworth 11,655 8.71%
Independent Walter Sweeney 5,118 3.83%
Independent Neil Eyre 3,976 2.97%
Turnout 133,762 19.15%
Rejected ballots 2,303 1.69%
Total votes 136,065 19.48%
Registered electors 698,556
Conservative win

Kent Police[edit]

Kent Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2012 [112][113]
Party Candidate 1st Round  % 2nd Round Total  First Round Votes  Transfer Votes 
Independent Ann Barnes 95,901 46.80% 18,236 114,137
Conservative Craig Mackinlay 51,671 25.22% 8,577 60,248
Labour Harriet Yeo 23,005 11.23%
UKIP Piers Wauchope 15,885 7.75%
English Democrats Steven Uncles 10,789 5.27%
Independent Dayantha Liyanage 7,666 3.74%
Turnout 204,917 15.98%
Rejected ballots 3,931 1.88%
Total votes 208,848 16.29%
Registered electors 1,281,968
Independent win

Lancashire Constabulary[edit]

  • Afzal Anwar, a barrister, was the Liberal Democrat candidate.
  • Cllr Tim Ashton, of Lancashire County Council was the Conservative candidate.[38]
  • Cllr Robert Drobnym, former Deputy Mayor of Preesall, was the UKIP candidate.
  • Cllr Clive Grunshaw, former chair of resources for the Lancashire Police Authority, was the Labour candidate.[32]
Lancashire Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2012 [114][115][116]
Party Candidate 1st Round  % 2nd Round Total  First Round Votes  Transfer Votes 
Labour Clive Grunshaw 66,017 39.28% 13,773 79,790
Conservative Tim Ashton 58,428 34.76% 14,834 73,262
UKIP Robert Drobny 25,228 15.01%
Liberal Democrat Afzal Anwar 18,396 10.95%
Turnout 168,069 15.05%
Rejected ballots 4,643 2.69%
Total votes 172,712 15.47%
Registered electors 1,116,623
Labour win

Leicestershire Constabulary[edit]

Leicestershiret Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2012 [122][123][124]
Party Candidate 1st Round  % 2nd Round Total  First Round Votes  Transfer Votes 
Conservative Sir Clive Loader 59,915 48.43% 4,746 64,661
Labour Sarah Russell 42,503 34.36% 9,332 51,835
Independent Suleman Nagdi 21,292 17.21%
Turnout 123,710 15.92%
Rejected ballots 3,371 2.65%
Total votes 127,081 16.36%
Registered electors 776,925
Conservative win

Lincolnshire Police[edit]

  • Mervyn Barrett, a crime reduction expert and former government advisor, stood an independent[125] but withdrew.[126]
  • David Bowles, former Chief Executive of Lincolnshire County Council, stood as an independent though placed himself under the banner 'Campaign to Stop Politicians Running Policing'.[127]
  • Cllr Richard Davies was the Conservative candidate.[38]
  • Cllr Paul Gleeson was the Labour candidate.[128]
  • Alan Hardwick, former TV presenter, stood as an independent.[129]
Lincolnshire Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2012 [130][131][132][133][134]
Party Candidate 1st Round  % 2nd Round Total  First Round Votes  Transfer Votes 
Independent Alan Hardwick 26,272 31.37% 12,949 39,221
Campaign to Stop Politicians Running Policing David Bowles 27,345 32.66% 7,741 35,086
Conservative Richard Davies 19,872 23.73%
Labour Paul Gleeson 10,247 12.24%
Turnout 83,736 15.28%
Rejected ballots 1,890 2.21%
Total votes 85,626 15.63%
Registered electors 547,843
Independent win

Merseyside Police[edit]

  • Geoff Gubb, a businessman, was the Conservative candidate.[135][136]
  • Hilary Jones, a magistrate, was the UKIP candidate.
  • Jane Kennedy, former Labour MP for Liverpool Wavertree, was the Labour candidate, having defeated Peter Kilfoyle, former MP for Liverpool Walton in the nomination process.[32][137]
  • Paula Keaveney, former Lib Dem councillor, was the Liberal Democrat candidate.
  • Kiron Reid was an independent candidate. A lecturer in law at Liverpool University, former Liverpool City Councillor for Anfield and Merseyside Police Authority member, Reid was a Liberal Democrat activist previously.[138]
Merseyside Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2012 [139][140]
Party Candidate 1st Round  % 2nd Round Total  First Round Votes  Transfer Votes 
Labour Jane Kennedy 70,884 56.18%
Conservative Geoff Gubb 15,870 12.58%
Independent Kiron Reid 14,379 11.40%
Liberal Democrat Paula Keaveney 9,192 7.29%
UKIP Hilary Jones 8,704 6.90%
English Democrats Paul Rimmer 7,142 5.66%
Turnout 126,171 12.44%
Rejected ballots 2,915 2.26%
Total votes 129,086 12.73%
Registered electors 1,014,183
Labour win

Norfolk Constabulary[edit]

  • Colonel Jamie Athill was the Conservative candidate.[38]
  • Stephen Bett, a former Conservative county councillor and former police authority chairman stood as an independent candidate.[141]
  • Cllr James Joyce, a Norfolk county councillor and former Norfolk Police Authority member, was the Liberal Democrat candidate.[142]
  • Cllr Steve Morphew, former leader of Norwich City Council, was the Labour candidate.[32][45]
Norfolk Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2012 [143][144]
Party Candidate 1st Round  % 2nd Round Total  First Round Votes  Transfer Votes 
Independent Stephen Bett 27,842 28.66% 12,146 39,988
Conservative Jamie Athill 30,834 31.74% 5,771 36,605
Labour Steve Morphew 21,456 22.08%
UKIP Matthew Smith 9,633 9.91%
Liberal Democrat James Joyce 7,392 7.61%
Turnout 97,157 14.51%
Rejected ballots 3,251 3.24%
Total votes 100,408 15.00%
Registered electors 669,387
Independent win

North Yorkshire Police[edit]

With two candidates, the voting system was first past the post.[145]

North Yorkshire Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2012[146][147]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Julia Mulligan 47,885 58.25% N/A
Labour Ruth Potter 34,328 41.75% N/A
Turnout 82,213 13.25% N/A
Rejected ballots 6,406 7.23% N/A
Total votes 88,619 14.28% N/A
Registered electors 620,497
Conservative win

Northamptonshire Constabulary[edit]

  • Lee Barron, the Labour candidate, announced his intention to withdraw on 31 October when he revealed that he had committed a minor offence 22 years ago which would mean that he would be ineligible to take up the post if elected. As he missed the official deadline to withdraw, his name still appeared on the ballot paper as the Labour Party candidate.[148]
  • Jim MacArthur stood for UKIP.[37]
  • John Norrie was an independent candidate.[149]
  • Adam Simmonds was the Conservative candidate.[38]
  • Paul Varnsverry, former Northampton borough councillor, was the Liberal Democrat candidate.
Northamptonshire Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2012 [150]
Party Candidate 1st Round  % 2nd Round Total  First Round Votes  Transfer Votes 
Conservative Adam Simmonds 30,436 30.08% 10,487 40,923
Labour Lee Barron 25,098 24.81% 5,453 30,551
Independent John Norrie 19,276 19.05%
UKIP Jim MacArthur 18,963 18.74%
Liberal Democrat Paul Varnsverry 7,394 7.31%
Turnout 101,167 19.50%
Rejected ballots 3,474 3.32%
Total votes 104,641 20.17%
Registered electors 518,829
Conservative win

Northumbria Police[edit]

  • Vera Baird, former Labour MP for Redcar, was the Labour candidate having defeated Hilton Dawson, former MP for Lancaster and Wyre in the nomination process.[32][45]
  • Alistair Baxter, a businessman with 40 years of experience, was the candidate for UKIP.[151]
  • Phil Butler, a former Detective Inspector and Newcastle upon Tyne resident, was the Conservative candidate.[38]
  • Peter Andras, a Councillor for Jesmond in Newcastle upon Tyne and a Newcastle University lecturer, was the Liberal Democrat candidate.
Northumbria Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2012 [152][153]
Party Candidate 1st Round  % 2nd Round Total  First Round Votes  Transfer Votes 
Labour Vera Baird 100,170 56.02%
Conservative Phil Butler 45,845 25.64%
UKIP Alistair Baxter 18,876 10.56%
Liberal Democrat Peter Andras 13,916 7.78%
Turnout 178,807 16.45%
Rejected ballots 3,887 2.13%
Total votes 182,694 16.80%
Registered electors 1,087,220
Labour win

Nottinghamshire Police[edit]

  • Dr Raj Chandran, a retired GP, stood as an independent candidate.[154]
  • Tony Roberts, Newark and Sherwood District councillor, was the Conservative candidate after the former leader of Bassetlaw District Council, Mike Quigley, pulled out due to a "minor offence" committed in 1968.[155]
  • Malcolm Spencer, a former detective who served with the police force for 30 years, stood as an independent candidate.[154]
  • Paddy Tipping, former Labour MP for Sherwood, was the Labour candidate.[32][45]
Nottinghamshire Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2012 [156][157][158]
Party Candidate 1st Round  % 2nd Round Total  First Round Votes  Transfer Votes 
Labour Paddy Tipping 57,356 43.13% 8,563 65,919
Independent Malcolm Spencer 30,263 22.76% 22,526 52,789
Conservative Tony Roberts 26,304 19.78%
Independent Raj Chandran 19,050 14.33%
Turnout 132,973 16.42%
Rejected ballots 2,769 2.04%
Total votes 135,742 16.77%
Registered electors 809,594
Labour win

South Yorkshire Police[edit]

South Yorkshire Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2012 [163]
Party Candidate 1st Round  % 2nd Round Total  First Round Votes  Transfer Votes 
Labour Shaun Wright 74,615 51.35%
English Democrats David Allen 22,608 15.56%
Conservative Nigel Bonson 21,075 14.51%
UKIP Jonathan Arnott 16,773 11.54%
Liberal Democrat Robert Teal 10,223 7.04%
Turnout 145,294 14.53%
Rejected ballots
Total votes
Registered electors 1,000,015
Labour win

Staffordshire Police[edit]

With two candidates, the voting system was first past the post.

Staffordshire Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2012[164][165]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Matthew Ellis 51,237 51.85% N/A
Labour Joy Garner 47,589 48.15% N/A
Turnout 98,826 11.63% N/A
Rejected ballots 2,843 2.80% N/A
Total votes 101,669 11.96% N/A
Registered electors 849,784
Conservative win

Suffolk Constabulary[edit]

Suffolk Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2012 [167][168][169][170]
Party Candidate 1st Round  % 2nd Round Total  First Round Votes  Transfer Votes 
Conservative Tim Passmore 29,805 35.00% 7,141 36,946
Labour Jane Basham 29,967 35.19% 5,038 35,005
Independent David Cocks 14,217 16.69%
UKIP Bill Mountford 11,179 13.13%
Turnout 85,168 15.41%
Rejected ballots 3,330 3.76%
Total votes 88,498 16.01%
Registered electors 552,780
Conservative win

Surrey Police[edit]

  • Robert Evans, former Labour MEP, was the Labour candidate.[32]
  • Kevin Hurley stood as Zero Tolerance Policing Ex Chief.[37]
  • Julie Iles, a magistrate, was the Conservative candidate.[38]
  • Nick O'Shea was the Liberal Democrat candidate.[171]
  • Peter Williams, the former chairman of Surrey Police Authority, was an independent candidate.[37]
Surrey Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2012 [172]
Party Candidate 1st Round  % 2nd Round Total  First Round Votes  Transfer Votes 
Zero Tolerance Policing ex Chief Kevin Hurley 34,378 26.12% 18,415 52,793
Conservative Julie Iles 34,391 26.13% 10,677 45,068
Independent Peter Williams 26,292 19.97%
Labour Robert Evans 17,384 13.21%
UKIP Robert Shatwell 10,684 8.12%
Liberal Democrat Nick O'Shea 8,503 6.46%
Turnout 131,632 15.36%
Rejected ballots
Total votes
Registered electors 856,968
Zero Tolerance Policing ex Chief win

Sussex Police[edit]

Sussex Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2012 [177][178]
Party Candidate 1st Round  % 2nd Round Total  First Round Votes  Transfer Votes 
Conservative Katy Bourne 59,635 31.51% 20,393 80,028
Labour Godfrey Daniel 40,765 21.54% 14,837 55,602
Independent Ian Chisnall 38,930 20.57%
UKIP Tony Armstrong 29,327 15.50%
Liberal Democrat David Rogers 20,579 10.87%
Turnout 189,236 15.33%
Rejected ballots 5,982 3.06%
Total votes 195,218 15.82%
Registered electors 1,234,166
Conservative win

Thames Valley Police[edit]

Thames Valley Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2012 [180][181]
Party Candidate 1st Round  % 2nd Round Total  First Round Votes  Transfer Votes 
Conservative Anthony Stansfeld 76,011 34.70% 18,227 94,238
Labour Tim Starkey 56,631 25.85% 13,772 70,403
Independent Geoff Howard 31,716 14.48%
Liberal Democrat John Howson 20,511 9.36%
UKIP Barry Cooper 19,324 8.82%
Independent Patience Tayo Awe 14,878 6.79%
Turnout 219,071 12.90%
Rejected ballots 7,445 3.29%
Total votes 226,516 13.34%
Registered electors 1,698,041
Conservative win

Warwickshire Police[edit]

Warwickshire Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2012 [183]
Party Candidate 1st Round  % 2nd Round Total  First Round Votes  Transfer Votes 
Independent Ron Ball 21,410 33.30% 11,821 33,231
Labour James Plaskitt 22,308 34.70% 2,892 25,200
Conservative Fraser Pithie 20,571 32.00%
Turnout 64,289 15.23%
Rejected ballots 1,796 2.72%
Total votes 66,085 15.65%
Registered electors 422,189
Independent win

West Mercia Police[edit]

West Mercia Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2012 [185]
Party Candidate 1st Round  % 2nd Round Total  First Round Votes  Transfer Votes 
Independent Bill Longmore 50,900 37.75% 21,055 71,955
Conservative Adrian Blackshaw 49,298 36.56% 5,201 54,499
Labour Simon Murphy 34,652 25.70%
Turnout 134,850 14.54%
Rejected ballots 4,273 3.07%
Total votes 139,123 15.00%
Registered electors 927,649
Independent win

West Midlands Police[edit]

Bob Jones died on 1 July 2014, necessitating the West Midlands Police and Crime Commissioner by-election, 2014.[187]

West Midlands Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2012 [188]
Party Candidate 1st Round  % 2nd Round Total  First Round Votes  Transfer Votes 
Labour Bob Jones 100,130 42.00% 17,285 117,415
Conservative Matt Bennett 44,130 18.51% 11,555 55,685
Independent Cath Hannon 30,778 12.91%
UKIP Bill Etheridge 17,563 7.37%
Independent Derek Webley 17,488 7.34%
Liberal Democrat Ayoub Khan 15,413 6.47%
Independent Mike Rumble 12,882 5.40%
Turnout 238,384 11.96%
Rejected ballots 7,063 2.88%
Total votes 245,447 12.31%
Registered electors 1,993,998
Labour win

West Yorkshire Police[edit]

West Yorkshire Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2012 [190][191][192]
Party Candidate 1st Round  % 2nd Round Total  First Round Votes  Transfer Votes 
Labour Mark Burns-Williamson 102,817 47.88% 11,919 114,736
Independent Cedric Christie 49,299 22.96% 22,577 71,876
Conservative Geraldine Carter 45,365 21.13%
Liberal Democrat Andrew Marchington 17,247 8.03%
Turnout 214,728 13.34%
Rejected ballots 8,277 3.71%
Total votes 223,005 13.85%
Registered electors 1,609,615
Labour win

Wiltshire Police[edit]

  • Paul Batchelor was the Liberal Democrat candidate.[193][194]
  • Cllr Angus Macpherson was the Conservative candidate.[38][194]
  • Claire Moody was the Labour candidate.[32][194]
  • John Short, a former deputy Chief Executive of Swindon Borough Council and then a councillor for Highworth ward (elected as a Conservative) was the UKIP candidate.[194][195]
  • Liam Silcocks stood as an independent.[194][196]
  • Counter terrorism specialist Colin Skelton was an independent candidate.[194][197]
Wiltshire Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2012 [198][199]
Party Candidate 1st Round  % 2nd Round Total  First Round Votes  Transfer Votes 
Conservative Angus Macpherson 28,558 36.24% 6,761 35,319
Labour Claire Moody 16,198 20.56% 4,959 21,157
Independent Colin Skelton 11,446 14.53%
Liberal Democrat Paul Batchelor 10,130 12.86%
UKIP John Short 7,250 9.20%
Independent Liam Silcocks 5,212 6.61%
Turnout 78,794 15.30%
Rejected ballots 2,683 3.29%
Total votes 81,477 15.83%
Registered electors 514,855
Conservative win

Wales[edit]

Dyfed-Powys Police[edit]

With two candidates, the voting system was first past the post.

Dyfed-Powys Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2012[200]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Christopher Salmon 32,887 50.86% N/A
Labour Christine Gwyther 31,773 49.14% N/A
Turnout 64,660 16.38% N/A
Rejected ballots 2,912 4.31% N/A
Total votes 67,572 17.12% N/A
Registered electors 394,784
Conservative win

Gwent Police[edit]

Gwent Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2012 [203]
Party Candidate 1st Round  % 2nd Round Total  First Round Votes  Transfer Votes 
Independent Ian Johnston 23,531 39.64% 6,217 29,748
Labour Hamish Sandison 23,087 38.89% 1,549 24,636
Conservative Nick Webb 6,630 11.17%
Independent Christopher Wright 6,118 10.31%
Turnout 59,366 13.97%
Rejected ballots 1,555 2.55%
Total votes 60,921 14.34%
Registered electors 424,903
Independent win

A polling station in Bettws in Newport had a turnout of zero.[204]

North Wales Police[edit]

North Wales Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2012 [205]
Party Candidate 1st Round  % 2nd Round Total  First Round Votes  Transfer Votes 
Independent Winston Roddick 25,715 33.07% 9,973 35,688
Labour Tal Michael 23,066 29.67% 4,062 27,128
Conservative Colm McCabe 11,485 14.77%
Independent Richard Hibbs 11,453 14.73%
UKIP Warwick Nicholson 6,034 7.76%
Turnout 77,753 14.83%
Rejected ballots 2,150 2.69%
Total votes 79,903 15.24%
Registered electors 524,252
Independent win

South Wales Police[edit]

South Wales Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2012 [211]
Party Candidate 1st Round  % 2nd Round Total  First Round Votes  Transfer Votes 
Labour Alun Michael 66,879 46.95% 5,372 72,251
Independent Michael A. Baker 46,264 32.48% 14,520 60,784
Conservative Caroline Jones 20,913 14.68%
Independent Antonio Verderame 8,378 5.8%
Turnout 142,434 14.70%
Rejected ballots
Total votes
Registered electors 969,020
Labour win

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External links[edit]