England national football team
|Nickname(s)||The Three Lions|
|Association||The Football Association|
|Head coach||Roy Hodgson|
|Asst coach||Ray Lewington|
|Most caps||Peter Shilton (125)|
|Top scorer||Bobby Charlton (49)|
|Home stadium||Wembley Stadium|
|FIFA ranking||18 2 (18 September 2014)|
|Highest FIFA ranking||3 (August 2012)|
|Lowest FIFA ranking||27 (February 1996)|
|Elo ranking||14 (7 September 2014)|
|Highest Elo ranking||1 (1872–1876
|Lowest Elo ranking||13 (1936)|
| Scotland 0–0 England
(Partick, Scotland; 31 July 1872)
| England 13–0 Ireland
(Belfast, Ireland; 31 July 1882)
| Hungary 7–1 England
(Budapest, Hungary; 23 May 1954)
|Appearances||14 (First in 1950)|
|Best result||Champions, 1966|
|Appearances||8 (First in 1968)|
|Best result||Third Place, 1968
The England national football team represents England and the Crown Dependencies of Jersey, Guernsey and the Isle of Man at football and is controlled by The Football Association, the governing body for football in England. England are one of the two oldest national teams in football; alongside Scotland, whom they played in the world's first international football match in 1872. England is one of the United Kingdom's Home Nations, meaning that it is permitted by FIFA to maintain its own national side. England's home ground is Wembley Stadium, London, and the current team manager is Roy Hodgson.
England contest the FIFA World Cup and UEFA European Championship, which alternate biennially. England won the World Cup in 1966, when they hosted the finals, defeating West Germany 4–2 in extra time in the final. Their best performance since has been a semi-final appearance in 1990. England have never won the UEFA European Football Championship – their best performances being semi-final appearances at the 1968 and 1996 Championships.
- 1 History
- 2 Team image
- 3 Coaching staff
- 4 Players
- 5 Results and fixtures
- 6 Records
- 7 Competitive record
- 8 Honours
- 9 See also
- 10 Notes
- 11 References
- 12 External links
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (April 2014)|
The England national football team is the joint-oldest in the world; it was formed at the same time as Scotland. A representative match between England and Scotland was played on 5 March 1870, having been organised by the Football Association. A return fixture was organised by representatives of Scottish football teams on 30 November 1872. This match, played at Hamilton Crescent in Scotland, is viewed as the first official international football match, because the two teams were independently selected and operated, rather than being the work of a single football association. Over the next forty years, England played exclusively with the other three Home Nations—Scotland, Wales and Ireland—in the British Home Championship.
To begin with, England had no permanent home stadium. They joined FIFA in 1906 and played their first ever games against countries other than the Home Nations on a tour of Central Europe in 1908. Wembley Stadium was opened in 1923 and became their home ground. The relationship between England and FIFA became strained, and this resulted in their departure from FIFA in 1928, before they rejoined in 1946. As a result, they did not compete in a World Cup until 1950, in which they were beaten in a 1–0 defeat by the United States, failing to get past the first round in one of the most embarrassing defeats in the team's history. Their first ever defeat on home soil to a foreign team was a 0–2 loss to the Republic of Ireland on 21 September 1949 at Goodison Park. A 6–3 loss in 1953 to Hungary, was their second defeat by a foreign team at Wembley. In the return match in Budapest, Hungary won 7–1. This still stands as England's worst ever defeat. After the game, a bewildered Syd Owen said, "it was like playing men from outer space".
In the 1954 World Cup, two goals by Ivor Broadis saw him become the first England player to score two goals in a game at the World Cup finals. He beat Nat Lofthouse by 30 minutes when both scored 2 each in a thrilling 4–4 draw against Belgium. After reaching the quarter-finals for the first time, England lost 4–2 to Uruguay.
Although Walter Winterbottom was appointed as England's first ever full-time manager in 1946, the team was still picked by a committee until Alf Ramsey took over in 1963. The 1966 World Cup was hosted in England and Ramsey guided England to victory with a 4–2 win against West Germany after extra time in the final, during which Geoff Hurst famously scored a hat-trick. England qualified for the 1970 World Cup in Mexico as reigning cup holders. They reached the quarter-finals but were knocked out by West Germany. England had been 2–0 up but were eventually beaten 3–2 after extra time. They failed in qualification for the 1974, leading to Alf Ramsey's dismissal, and 1978 World Cups. Under Ron Greenwood they managed to qualify for the 1982 World Cup in Spain (the first time competitively since 1962), but were eliminated from a second qualifying round comprising further group matches without losing a game all tournament. The team under Bobby Robson fared better as England reached the quarter-finals of the 1986 World Cup, losing 2–1 to Argentina in a game made famous by two goals by Maradona for very contrasting reasons, before losing every match at the Euro 88 tournament. They next went on to achieve their second best result in the 1990 World Cup by finishing fourth – losing again to West Germany in a semi-final finishing 1–1 after extra time, then 3–4 in England's first penalty shoot-out. Despite losing to Italy in the Third Place playoff, the members of the England team were given bronze medals identical to the Italians. The England team of 1990 were welcomed home as heroes and thousands of people lined the streets for a spectacular open-top bus parade.
The 1990s saw four England managers, each in the role for a relatively brief period. Graham Taylor was Robson's successor, but left after England failed to qualify for the 1994 World Cup. At Euro 96, held in England, Terry Venables led England equaling their best performance at a European Championship, reaching the semifinals as they did in 1968. He resigned following investigations into his financial activities. His successor, Glenn Hoddle, similarly left the job for non-footballing reasons after just one international tournament – the 1998 World Cup — in which England were eliminated in the second round again by Argentina and again on penalties (after a 2–2 draw). Following Hoddle's departure, Kevin Keegan took England to Euro 2000, but performances were disappointing and he resigned shortly afterwards.
Sven-Göran Eriksson took charge of the team between 2001 and 2006 and was the first non-English manager of England. Despite controversial press coverage of his personal life, Eriksson was consistently popular with the majority of fans. He guided England to the quarter-finals of the 2002 World Cup and 2006 World Cup. He lost only five competitive matches during his tenure and England rose to a No.4 world ranking under his guidance. His contract was extended by the Football Association by two years, however it was terminated by them at the 2006 World Cup's conclusion.
Steve McClaren was appointed as head coach. His reign yielded little success, with England failing to qualify for Euro 2008. McClaren was sacked unanimously by The Football Association on 22 November 2007 after only 16 months in charge. This made him the shortest-lasting full-time England manager since the inauguration of the post in 1946. He was replaced on 14 December 2007 by the former Real Madrid and FC Juventus manager Fabio Capello. Capello took charge of his first game on 6 February 2008 against Switzerland, in which England won 2–1. Under Capello, England won all but one of their qualifying games for the 2010 World Cup. A 5–1 victory over Croatia at Wembley ensured the team qualified for the final tournament with two games to spare, a feat that had never been achieved before.
At the 2010 World Cup itself England drew their opening two games leading to questions about the team's spirit, tactics and ability to handle pressure. They progressed to the next round, where they were beaten 4–1 by Germany, their heaviest defeat in a World Cup.
In February 2012, Fabio Capello resigned from his role as England manager, following a disagreement with the FA over their request to remove John Terry from team captaincy after accusations of racial abuse concerning the player. On 1 May 2012, Roy Hodgson was announced as the new manager, just six weeks before Euro 2012. England managed to finish top of their group, winning two and drawing one of their fixtures, but exited the Championships in the quarter-finals with yet another penalty shoot-out defeat, this time to Italy.
In the 2014 FIFA World Cup, England lost two group matches in a row, against Italy and Uruguay, by 2-1 on each occasion. This was the first time England had lost two group matches since the 1950 World Cup (when they lost against the United States and Spain) and the first time England had been eliminated at the group stage since the 1958 World Cup. This was also the first time that England had not won a match at the tournament since 1958, and England's points total of one from three matches was its worst ever in the World Cup.
All England matches are broadcast with full commentary on BBC Radio 5 Live. From the 2008–09 season until the 2017–18 season, England's home and away qualifiers, and friendlies both home and away are broadcast live on ITV. From the 2014–15 season until the 2019–20 season, England's home and away qualifiers, and friendlies both home and away are broadcast live on the online football channel ProLigaTV. England's away qualifiers for the 2010 World Cup were shown on Setanta Sports until that company's collapse. As a result of Setanta Sports's demise, England's World Cup qualifier in Ukraine on 10 October 2009 was shown in the UK on a pay-per-view basis via the internet only. This one-off event was the first time an England game had been screened in such a way. The number of subscribers, paying between £4.99 and £11.99 each, was estimated at between 250,000 and 300,000 and the total number of viewers at around 500,000.
England's traditional home colours are white shirts, navy blue shorts and white or black socks. The team has periodically worn an all-white kit. Adidas, Umbro and Admiral have been the main designer of the England kits, although Nike took over as kit supplier in 2013.
Although England's first away kits were blue, England's traditional away colours are red shirts, white shorts and red socks. In 1996, England's away kit was changed to grey shirts, shorts and socks. This kit was only worn three times, including against Germany in the semi-final of Euro 96 but the deviation from the traditional red was unpopular with supporters and the England away kit remained red until 2011, when a navy blue away kit was introduced. The away kit is also sometimes worn during home matches, when a new edition has been released to promote it.
England have occasionally had a third kit. At the 1970 World Cup England wore a third kit with pale blue shirts, shorts and socks against Czechoslovakia. They had a kit similar to Brazil's, with yellow shirts, yellow socks and blue shorts which they wore in the summer of 1973. For the World Cup in 1986 England had a third kit of pale blue, imitating that worn in Mexico sixteen years before and England retained pale blue third kits until 1992, but they were rarely used.
|WC 1950||WC 1954||WC 1958||WC 1962|
|vs Chile and
|vs United States||All the matches||not used||All the matches||not used||vs Argentina||vs Hungary||vs Bulgaria|
|WC 1966||Euro 1968||WC 1970||Euro 1980|
|vs Uruguay, Mexico,
France and Portugal
|vs Argentina||vs West Germany||vs Yugoslavia and
|vs Czechoslovakia||vs West Germany||All the matches|
|WC 1982||WC 1986||Euro 1988||WC 1990 and Euro 1992|
Kuwait and Spain
|vs West Germany
|vs all except
|vs Argentina||not used||All the matches||All the matches||not used|
|Euro 1996||WC 1998||Euro 2000||WC 2002|
|vs all except
|vs Germany||vs Tunisia
|vs Argentina||vs Colombia||vs Romania
|vs Germany||vs Sweden,
Denmark and Brazil
|Euro 2004||WC 2006||WC 2010||Euro 2012||WC 2014|
|vs all except
|vs Croatia||vs all except
|vs Sweden||vs United States and
|vs Slovenia and
|vs all except
|vs Sweden||All the matches||not used|
For the first fifty years of their existence, England played their home matches all around the country. They initially used cricket grounds before later moving on to football clubs' stadiums. The original Empire Stadium was built in Wembley, London, for the British Empire Exhibition. England played their first match at the stadium in 1924 against Scotland and for the next 27 years Wembley was used as a venue for matches against Scotland only. The stadium later became known simply as Wembley Stadium and it became England's permanent home stadium during the 1950s. This stadium was demolished in 2001 and work began to completely rebuild it. During this time, England played at a number of different venues across the country, though by the time of the 2006 World Cup qualifiers this had largely settled down to having Manchester United's Old Trafford stadium as the primary venue, with Newcastle United's St. James' Park used on occasions where Old Trafford was unavailable. They returned to the new Wembley Stadium in 2007. The stadium is now owned by the Football Association via its subsidiary Wembley National Stadium Limited.
|Assistant manager||Ray Lewington|
|First Team Coach||Gary Neville|
|Goalkeeping coach||Dave Watson|
|Fitness Coach||Chris Neville|
|Other staff|| Dan Hitch
- For all past and present players who have appeared for the national team, see List of England international footballers (alphabetical)
The following players have been called up to the squad for the friendly against Norway on 3 September 2014 and UEFA Euro 2016 qualification match against Switzerland on 8 September 2014. On 3 September 2014, Ben Foster and Jack Colback withdrew from the squad due to injuries.
Caps and goals updated as of 8 September 2014 after the match against Switzerland.
The following players have also been called up to the England squad within the last twelve months.
- RET = Retired from the national team
Results and fixtures
|Friendly 5 March 2014||England||1 – 0||Denmark||London, England|
|20:00 GMT||Sturridge 82'||Report||Stadium: Wembley Stadium
Referee: Kevin Blom (Netherlands)
|Friendly 30 May 2014||England||3 – 0||Peru||London, England|
|20:00 BST||Sturridge 32'
|Report||Stadium: Wembley Stadium
Referee: Viktor Kassai (Hungary)
|Friendly 4 June 2014||Ecuador||2 – 2||England||Miami, United States|
|20:00 BST||E. Valencia 8'
A. Valencia 79'
|Stadium: Sun Life Stadium
Referee: Jair Marrufo (United States)
|Friendly 7 June 2014||Honduras||0 – 0||England||Miami, United States|
|21:45 BST||Beckeles 64'||Report||Stadium: Sun Life Stadium
Referee: Ricardo Salazar (United States)
|2014 World Cup 14 June 2014||Italy||2 – 1||England||Manaus, Brazil|
|18:00 UTC−4||Marchisio 35'
|Report||Sturridge 37'||Stadium: Arena Amazonia
Referee: Björn Kuipers (Netherlands)
|2014 World Cup 19 June 2014||Uruguay||2 – 1||England||São Paulo, Brazil|
|16:00 UTC−3||Suárez 39', 85'||Report||Rooney 75'||Stadium: Arena Corinthians
Referee: Carlos Velasco Carballo (Spain)
|2014 World Cup 24 June 2014||Costa Rica||0 – 0||England||Belo Horizonte, Brazil|
|13:00 UTC−3||Report||Stadium: Mineirão
Referee: Djamel Haimoudi (Algeria)
|Friendly 3 September 2014||England||1 – 0||Norway||London, England|
|20:00 GMT||Rooney 68' (pen.)||Report||Stadium: Wembley Stadium
Referee: Jorge Sousa (Portugal)
|Euro 2016 qualifying 8 September 2014||Switzerland||0 – 2||England||Basel, Switzerland|
|20:45 UTC+2||Report||Welbeck 58', 90+4'||Stadium: St. Jakob-Park
Referee: Cüneyt Çakır (Turkey)
|Euro 2016 qualifying 9 October 2014||England||v||San Marino||London, England|
|19:45 GMT||Report||Stadium: Wembley Stadium
|Euro 2016 qualifying 12 October 2014||Estonia||v||England||Tallinn, Estonia|
|19:00 UTC+3||Report||Stadium: A. Le Coq Arena
|Euro 2016 qualifying 15 November 2014||England||v||Slovenia||London, England|
|17:00 GMT||Report||Stadium: Wembley Stadium
|Friendly 18 November 2014||Scotland||v||England||Glasgow, Scotland|
|Stadium: Celtic Park
Most capped players
Updated 8 September 2014.
Players in bold are still active, at least in club level.
Players with an equal number of caps are ranked in chronological order of reaching the milestone.
Goalscorers with an equal number of goals are ranked with the highest to lowest goals per game ratio.
|1||Sir Bobby Charlton||1958–1970||49||106||FW||0.4623|
- For the all-time record of the national team against opposing nations, see the team's all-time record page
FIFA World Cup
England first appeared at the 1950 FIFA World Cup and have appeared in 14 FIFA World Cups, they are tied for sixth-best in terms of number of wins alongside France and Spain. The national team is one of eight national teams to have won at least one FIFA World Cup title. The England team won their first and only World Cup title in 1966. The tournament was played on home soil and England defeated Germany 4–2 in the final. In 1990, England finished in fourth place, losing 2–1 to host nation Italy in the third place play-off after losing on penalties to champions Germany in the semi-final. The team has also reached the quarter final on two recent occasions in 2002 and 2006. Previously, they reached this stage in 1954, 1962, 1970 and 1986.
England failed to qualify for the World Cup in 1974, 1978 and 1994. The team's earliest exit in the competition itself was its elimination in the first round in 1950, 1958 and most recently in the 2014 FIFA World Cup, after being defeated in both their opening two matches for the first time, versus Italy and Uruguay in Group D. In 1950, four teams remained after the first round, in 1958 eight teams remained and in 2014 sixteen teams remained. In 2010, England suffered its most resounding World Cup defeat (4–1 to Germany) in the Round of 16, after drawing with the United States and Algeria and defeating Slovenia 1–0 in the group stage.
Gold Silver Bronze
|FIFA World Cup record||FIFA World Cup qualification record||Manager(s)|
|1930||Did Not Enter||–||–||–||–||–||–|
|1966||Champions||1st||6||5||1||0||11||3||Qualified as Hosts||Ramsey|
|1970||Quarter-finals||8th||4||2||0||2||4||4||Qualified as defending champions||Ramsey|
|1974||Did not qualify||4||1||2||1||3||4|
|1982||Group Round 2||6th||5||3||2||0||6||1||8||4||1||3||13||8||Greenwood|
|1994||Did not qualify||10||5||3||2||26||9||Taylor|
|1998||Round of 16||9th||4||2||1*||1||7||4||8||6||1||1||15||2||Hoddle|
|2002||Quarter-finals||6th||5||2||2||1||6||3||8||5||2||1||16||6||Keegan, Wilkinson, Eriksson|
|2010||Round of 16||13th||4||1||2||1||3||5||10||9||0||1||34||6||Capello|
|2018||To be determined|
- *Draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks. Darker color indicates win, normal color indicates lost.
- **Gold background colour indicates that the tournament was won.
- ***Red border colour indicates tournament was held on home soil.
- ****England played all of their 2002 matches in Japan.
UEFA European Championship
England is quite a successful nation at the UEFA European Football Championship, having finished in third place in 1968 and reached the semi-final in 1996. England hosted Euro '96 and have appeared in eight UEFA European Championship Finals tournaments, tied for ninth-best. The team has also reached the quarter final on two recent occasions in 2004 and 2012. The team's worst result in the competition was a first-round elimination in 1988, 1992 and 2000. The team did not enter in 1960, and they failed to qualify in 1964, 1972, 1976, 1984, and 2008.
|UEFA European Championship record||UEFA European Championship qualification record||Manager(s)|
|1960||Did Not Enter||–||–||–||–||–||–|
|1964||Did not qualify||2||0||1||1||3||6||Winterbottom, Ramsey|
|1972||Did not qualify||8||5||2||1||16||6||Ramsey|
|1984||Did not qualify||8||5||2||1||23||3||Robson|
|1996||Semi-Finals||3rd||5||2||3||0||8||3||Qualified as hosts||Venables|
|2000||Group Stage||11th||3||1||0||2||5||6||10||4||4||2||16||5||Hoddle, Keegan|
|2008||Did not qualify||12||7||2||3||24||7||McClaren|
- *Draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.
|1964 Taça de Nações||Group stage||3rd||3||0||1||2||2||7|
|1976 USA Bicentennial Cup Tournament||Group stage||2nd||3||2||0||1||6||4|
|1985 Rous Cup||One match||2nd||1||0||0||1||0||1|
|1985 Ciudad de México Cup Tournament||Group stage||3rd||2||0||0||2||1||3|
|1985 Azteca 2000 Tournament||Group stage||2nd||2||1||0||1||3||1|
|1986 Rous Cup||Winners, one match||1st||1||1||0||0||2||1|
|1987 Rous Cup||Group stage||2nd||2||0||2||0||1||1|
|1988 Rous Cup||Winners, group stage||1st||2||1||1||0||2||1|
|1989 Rous Cup||Winners, group stage||1st||2||1||1||0||2||0|
|1991 England Challenge Cup||Winners, group stage||1st||2||1||1||0||5||3|
|1993 U.S. Cup||Group stage||4th||3||0||1||2||2||5|
|1995 Umbro Cup||Group stage||2nd||3||1||1||1||6||7|
|1997 Tournoi de France||Winners, group stage||1st||3||2||0||1||3||1|
|1998 King Hassan II International Cup Tournament||Group stage||2nd||2||1||1||0||1||0|
|2004 FA Summer Tournament||Winners, group stage||1st||2||1||1||0||7||2|
- *Draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.
- Winners (54): (including 20 shared)
- Runners-up (24): (including 7 shared)
- Winners (1): 1997
- Runners-up (1): 1998
- Winners (1): 1991
- Matches as Champion: 88
- Reigns as Champion: 21
- "Written evidence submitted by Lord Triesman". Parliament.uk. May 2009. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
- "GB football team gets Fifa assent". BBC. 20 December 2008. Retrieved 11 June 2010.
- "England Match No. 1 – Scotland – 30 November 1872 – Match Summary and Report". englandfootballonline.com. Retrieved 22 October 2009.
- Hart, Tim (12 June 2010). "England v USA: 1950 World Cup win over the Three Lions lives long in the memory". The Daily Telegraph (London).
- Goodbody, John (22 November 2003). "Football's November revolution: Magnificent Magyars storm England's Wembley fortress". The Times (London). Retrieved 13 February 2011.
- "Venables is also the only England manager ever to resign from his post because of the muddy personal details set to be showcased in a high-profile trial related to financial irregularities." "V is for Venables". When Saturday Comes. Retrieved 10 September 2014.
- Owen Gibson (21 June 2010). "Rifts appear as players grow tired of Capello regime". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 3 July 2010.
- "Fabio Capello quits as England manager after meeting with FA". BBC. 8 February 2012. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
- "BBC Sport – Roy Hodgson appointed England manager by FA". BBC. 1 May 2012. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
- McNulty, Phil (24 June 2012). "England 0-0 Italy (2-4 on pens)". Retrieved 20 November 2013.
- "World Cup 2014: England crash out after Costa Rica surprise Italy". The Guardian (Guardian News and Media Limited). 2014-06-20. Retrieved 2014-06-20.
- "England 0 Costa Rica 0: Winless Three Lions bow out of Brazil 2014 with a whimper". Daily Record. 2014-06-24. Retrieved 2014-06-24.
- Owen Gibson (11 October 2009). "Meltdown averted as England match draws online audience of 500,000". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 23 February 2010.
- "Team". The Football Association. Retrieved 1 June 2012.[dead link]
- Allen, Neil (25 May 2012). "Pompey coach earns England call-up". The News (Portsmouth). Retrieved 1 June 2012.
- Taylor, Daniel (5 June 2006). "Baden-Baden backroom battalion outnumber the players on today's plane to Germany". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 June 2012.
- Fifield, Dominic (20 May 2010). "England back-up staff boosted by arrival of David Beckham's masseur". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 June 2012.
- "FA rub off major coup as Arsenal's top physio Gary Lewin's joins England full-time". Daily Mail. 7 June 2008. Retrieved 1 June 2012.
- Telegraph staff and agencies (4 December 2008). "England appoint Arsenal doctor Ian Beasley". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 1 June 2012.
- "Roy calls up four new faces for Norway and Switzerland". The FA. Retrieved 12 May 2014.
- "Injuries force Colback, Foster to leave England squad". FIFA. Retrieved 4 August 2014.
- Keegan and Wilkinson managed one qualifying match each: Eriksson managed the remainder of qualification and the finals campaign.
- England were defeated by France in a two-legged elimination round. Ramsey took over from Winterbottom between the two legs.
- Although England did not qualify for the finals, they reached the last eight of the competition. Only the last four teams progressed to the finals.
- Hoddle managed the first three qualifiers, while Keegan managed the remainder of qualification and the finals campaign.
- Capello managed the qualification campaign. He resigned before the tournament and was replaced by Hodgson.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to England national football team.|
- Official website at the FA's website
- englandstats.com – England statistics since 1872
- England football online
- IFFHS Archive: 1872–1900, 1901–1910, 1911–1920
- Complete Results and Line-Ups