Englefield Green

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Coordinates: 51°25′48″N 0°34′12″W / 51.4301°N 0.5699°W / 51.4301; -0.5699

Englefield Green
EnglefieldGreen.jpg
The War Memorial and St. Judes Road shops in the village centre
Englefield Green is located in Surrey
Englefield Green
Englefield Green
 Englefield Green shown within Surrey
Population 11,180 
OS grid reference SU995710
District Runnymede
Shire county Surrey
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Egham
Postcode district TW20
Dialling code 01784
Police Surrey
Fire Surrey
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Runnymede & Weybridge
List of places
UK
England
Surrey

Englefield Green is a large village in northern Surrey, England. It is home to Royal Holloway, University of London, the south eastern corner of Windsor Great Park and close to the towns of Egham, Windsor, Staines and Virginia Water. The village was built up in the 19th century and contains some of the most expensive housing in south-eastern England.

Governance[edit]

It is represented in Parliament by Conservative MP for Runnymede, Philip Hammond. The village is divided into two wards for the purpose of Borough Council elections - East (Cllr Peter Taylor, Cllr Marisa Heath, Cllr Pat Roberts) and West (Cllr Mike Kusneraitis, Cllr Hugh Meares, Cllr Nick Prescot). The village is represented on Surrey County Council by Cllr Marisa Heath.

Air Forces Memorial[edit]

Main article: Air Forces Memorial

On the road past the former Brunel University campus and towards Kingswood Hall of Royal Holloway is the Air Forces Memorial which commemorates by name over 20,000 airmen and women who were lost in the Second World War during operations from bases in the United Kingdom and North and Western Europe, and who have no known graves. They served in Bomber, Fighter, Coastal, Transport, Flying Training and Maintenance Commands, and came from all parts of the Commonwealth, as well as some from countries in continental Europe which had been overrun but whose airmen continued to fight in the ranks of the Royal Air Force. The names in their thousands are inscribed on panels in a courtyard.

The memorial sits on a hill overlooking an historic part of the Thames Valley where Magna Carta, enshrining basic freedoms in English law, was signed in 1215 . The memorial was designed by Sir Edward Maufe with sculpture by Vernon Hill. The engraved glass and painted ceilings were designed by John Hutton and the poem engraved on the gallery window was written by Paul H Scott. It overlooks the River Thames on Cooper's Hill at Englefield Green between Windsor and Egham on the A328 (Priest Hill), 4 miles from Windsor and is well signposted as 'Air Force Memorial'.

Brunel University Runnymede Campus[edit]

Just north of the village is the Runnymede campus of Brunel University, formerly Shoreditch College of Education which merged with Brunel and before that the Royal Indian Engineering College. Today the buildings are used as halls of residence for the main campus at Uxbridge, one hour away by bus and also nearby Royal Holloway. The halls were named after Shoreditch staff: Scrivens, Marshall, Bradley, Reed and Rowan. President Hall, where the College president resided, and College Hall were named in the Royal Indian period. The fine Victorian buildings were built by Sir Matthew Digby Wyatt, who had been Isambard Kingdom Brunel's architect for Paddington Station in London, and also Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, (now the Judge Institute). Corridors in President and College Halls were named after prominent British and Anglo-Indian figures, such as George Canning, Warren Hastings, Richard Wellesley and Charles Cornwallis.

In 2007, Brunel announced they were putting up for sale possibly for housing. Royal Holloway also expressed interest. In June 2007 it was acquired by Oracle, a property developer, for £46m. Englefield Green Village Residents Association fears development not in keeping with the village.

The statue of Eros in Piccadilly Circus, London was kept in the college during World War II

Other history[edit]

The last duel in England[edit]

The last fatal duel in England took place on Priest Hill in 1852. It was between two French refugees, Lt. Frederic Constant Cournet and Emmanuel Barthelemy. Cournet was supposed to have been the better prepared for a sword duel. Barthelemy, an extremely questionable individual (responsible for at least two murders by 1852), manipulated Cournet into challenging him (supposedly over comments Cournet made about Barthelemy's girlfriend), and chose pistols for the weapon. He killed Cournet, and was subsequently arrested for murder. However Barthelemy managed to convince the jury that it was not a homicide as in the normal sense of the word, and was acquitted. Barthelemy was widely suspected of being a spy for the new French regime of Emperor Louis Napoleon (Napoleon III). In fact his bullying of other refugees had led to the confrontation with Cournet. However three years later, he was engaged in a crime in London, possibly involving a blackmail attempt that did not work out. Two men were killed, and Barthelemy was arrested. Despite giving an image of bravado in court, this time he was convicted, and subsequently hanged. Most criminal historians and writers feel he was a totally repugnant character, but to be fair he had one odd defender: Victor Hugo, who wrote a small panegyric to his memory in one of the later sections of Les Miserables, before ultimately also agreeing with historians that "Barthelemy at all times flew one flag only, and it was black."

Marilyn and Arthur[edit]

Marilyn Monroe and Arthur Miller, then newlyweds, spent four months (mid-July to November) of 1956, including their honeymoon, in Parkside House, Englefield Green for the duration of Monroe's work on the film The Prince and the Showgirl with Laurence Olivier.

Gallery[edit]

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