Englewood, Chicago

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Englewood
Community area
Community Area 68 - Englewood
The intersection of 63rd and Halsted, looking south.  The Halsted 'L' station can be seen crossing Halsted in the distance.  Kennedy-King College occupies the buildings on the left of the photo.  The building on the right is largely vacant.
The intersection of 63rd and Halsted, looking south. The Halsted 'L' station can be seen crossing Halsted in the distance. Kennedy-King College occupies the buildings on the left of the photo. The building on the right is largely vacant.
Location within the city of Chicago
Location within the city of Chicago
Coordinates: 41°46′47.23″N 87°38′41.2″W / 41.7797861°N 87.644778°W / 41.7797861; -87.644778Coordinates: 41°46′47.23″N 87°38′41.2″W / 41.7797861°N 87.644778°W / 41.7797861; -87.644778
Country United States
State Illinois
County Cook
City Chicago
Neighborhoods
Area
 • Total 3.09 sq mi (8.00 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 30,654
 • Density 9,900/sq mi (3,800/km2)
Demographics (2010)[1]
 • White 0.34%
 • Black 97.37%
 • Hispanic 1.06%
 • Asian 0.11%
 • Other 1.12%
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP Codes part of 60621
Area code(s) 773
Median income[2] $19,743
Source: U.S. Census, Record Information Services
Soccer team 1908
Shopping Center, circa 1974

Englewood is one of the 77 official community areas of Chicago, Illinois, United States. At its peak population in 1960, over 97,000 people lived in its approximately 3 square miles,[3] but the neighborhood's population has since dropped dramatically. In 2000, it had a population of approximately 40,000 inhabitants, and the 2010 census indicated that its population has further declined to approximately 30,000.[4] Englewood is bordered by 55th Street to the north, 75th Street to the south, Racine Ave to the west, and State St to the east. It is located on the southwest side of Chicago, Illinois.

Infrastructure[edit]

Both the Red Line (Chicago Transit Authority) and Green Line (Chicago Transit Authority) run through Englewood, as does the Dan Ryan Expressway.

The railroad junction at Englewood, where Metra (the former Rock Island) crosses Norfolk Southern (the former Pennsylvania) has long been a cause of delay. In March 2010 a $133 million reconstruction project was announced which will improve operations by replacing the diamond crossing between Metra and NS with an overpass for Metra. The project is expected to be completed in 2014.[5]

History of Englewood[edit]

The original inhabitants of what is now Englewood were the Mascouten people. The land was swampy. In 1840, the United States Government Land Office in Chicago officially documented Englewood as habitable land. In the 1850s and 1860s, as Chicago was becoming a city of railroad tracks and economic prosperity, Englewood was just another supporting neighborhood. But in 1871, when the Great Chicago Fire destroyed a large portion of Chicago, residents moved to the outskirts. Englewood's railroad connections to downtown Chicago made it a convenient location, and the neighborhood's population grew rapidly. Englewood Station once served many railroad passengers; in 1889, over 1,000 trains would pass through Englewood every day.

Englewood was the home of Dr. H. H. Holmes, one of the first publicized serial murderers in America. His hotel at Wallace and 63rd streets was the scene of most of his crimes and earned it the sobriquet "Murder Castle". [6] His story is chronicled in The Torture Doctor by David Franke (1975), Depraved: The Shocking True Story of America's First Serial Killer by Harold Schechter (1994), The Devil in the White City: Murder, Magic, and Madness at the Fair That Changed America by Erik Larson (2003), and chapter VI, The Monster of Sixty-Third Street", of Gem of the Prairie: An Informal History of the Chicago Underworld by Herbert Asbury (1940, republished 1986).

Englewood Shopping Center[edit]

The Englewood community[7] was largely defined by the Englewood Shopping Center at 63rd & Halsted, a large pedestrian mall. The City, social services, and mall management worked with community leaders and groups to integrate the mall with the community. The goal was to make the mall a vital part of the community, and a central part of everyday life. It was the site of numerous community events, parades, outdoor concerts, live radio broadcasts and the like. This was spearheaded by the Englewood Business Men's Association and its Director, Richard Drew. Mr. Drew died in 1978, and with his passing the Association lost its community focus.

The Center subsequently lost its major anchor tenants, including Sears Roebuck, and became a collection of smaller merchants.

Kennedy-King College[edit]

In 1999, Mayor Richard M. Daley announced a $256 million revitalization plan for the area. The keystone of the program is the relocation of Kennedy-King College to the former site of the Englewood Shopping Center. Shortly thereafter the city began an aggressive buyout and relocation program for mall merchants. The campus includes the Washburne Culinary Institute.[8]

Groundbreaking for the new, 40-acre (160,000 m2) campus occurred on November 9, 2005, and it opened in 2007.[9][10]

Socioeconomics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 89,063
1940 92,849 4.3%
1950 94,134 1.4%
1960 97,595 3.7%
1970 89,659 −8.1%
1980 59,075 −34.1%
1990 48,434 −18.0%
2000 40,222 −17.0%
2010 30,654 −23.8%
[11]

As of 2000, Englewood had a poverty rate of 44%, which was substantially higher than the overall poverty rate in Chicago of 20%.[12] The area is in dire need of improvement,[clarification needed][13] and its crime rate[clarification needed] is among the highest in the country.[when?][14]

Education[edit]

Chicago Public Schools operates public schools in the neighborhood. Paul Robeson High School is in Englewood.[15][16]Englewood is home to Johnson College Prep, a Noble Network charter high school.[17] Team Englewood Community Academy and Urban Prep Academies Englewood Campus[18] is operated in the Englewood High School building. Englewood High School was opened in 1873, but closed due to poor performance in 2008.

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Paral, Rob. "Chicago Demographics Data". Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  2. ^ Paral, Rob. "Chicago Census Data". Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  3. ^ "Chicago History Encyclopedia: Englewood". 
  4. ^ "Englewood by the Numbers". redeyechicago.com. 2011-07-15. [dead link]
  5. ^ Vance, Steven. "Englewood Flyover broke ground today – will save 7,500 hours of Metra delays annually". Grid Chicago. Retrieved 11 November 2011. 
  6. ^ See H. H. Holmes
  7. ^ "Brief History of Englewood". chicagoreporter.com. 2009-07-12. 
  8. ^ "Washburne Culinary Institute Homepage". Retrieved 2010-01-02. [dead link]
  9. ^ "Mayor Daley, Community Leaders Break Ground For New Kennedy-King College Campus". Public Building Commission of Chicago. November 9, 2005. Retrieved 6 October 2013. 
  10. ^ "New Kennedy-King College". Public Building Commission of Chicago. Retrieved 6 October 2013.  "Mayor Daley cut the ribbon to open Kennedy King College on July 18, 2007."
  11. ^ Paral, Rob. "Chicago Community Areas Historical Data". Retrieved 3 September 2012. 
  12. ^ Demographics from Metropolitan Planning Council. By Josh Ellis. Published 2009. Data taken from year 2000.
  13. ^ Englewood Gentrification Chicago Reporter 1999
  14. ^ Chicago Tribune
  15. ^ "contact." Paul Robeson High School. Retrieved on Retrieved on October 21, 2009.
  16. ^ Hartman, Krystin. "Why Did 1 In 7 Girls Get Pregnant At Robeson High?[dead link]." CBS 2 Chicago. October 15, 2009. Retrieved on October 21, 2009.
  17. ^ Noble Efforts Change Lives. | Welcome to Johnson College Prep
  18. ^ "Englewood Campus[dead link]." Urban Prep Academies. Retrieved on December 10, 2010.
  19. ^ a b Hope, Leah (July 18, 2007). "New billboards tout Englewood neighborhood's success stories". ABC7 News (WLS-TV/DT). Retrieved 2013-10-29. 
  20. ^ Austen, Ben (17 September 2013). [Public Enemies: Social Media Is Fueling Gang Wars in Chicago "Public Enemies: Social Media Is Fueling Gang Wars in Chicago"]. Wired. Retrieved 6 October 2013.  "Chief Keef and Lil JoJo, two rappers from the South Side neighborhood of Englewood..."

External links[edit]