Englewood, New Jersey
|Englewood, New Jersey|
|City of Englewood|
Map highlighting Englewood's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Englewood, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Country||United States of America|
|Incorporated||March 17, 1899|
|• Type||Special Charter|
|• Mayor||Frank Huttle (term ends December 31, 2013)|
|• Manager||Daniel W. Fitzpatrick|
|• Clerk||Lauren Vande Vaarst|
|• Total||4.937 sq mi (12.786 km2)|
|• Land||4.914 sq mi (12.727 km2)|
|• Water||0.023 sq mi (0.060 km2) 1.15%|
|Elevation||43 ft (13 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2012)||27,605|
|• Rank||88th of 566 in state
6th of 70 in county
|• Density||5,524.6/sq mi (2,133.1/km2)|
|• Density rank||96th of 566 in state
26th of 70 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0885209|
Englewood is a city located in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city had a total population of 27,147, reflecting an increase of 944 (+3.6%) from the 26,203 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,353 (+5.4%) from the 24,850 counted in the 1990 Census.
Englewood was incorporated as a city by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 17, 1899, from portions of Ridgefield Township and the remaining portions of Englewood Township. With the creation of the City of Englewood, Englewood Township was dissolved. An earlier referendum on March 10, 1896, was declared unconstitutional.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Government
- 5 Education
- 6 Transportation
- 7 Notable people
- 8 References
- 9 Further reading
- 10 External links
Origin of name
Englewood Township, the city's predecessor, is believed to have named in 1859 because the community had been called the "English Neighborhood", as the first primarily English-speaking settlement on the New Jersey side of the Hudson River after New Netherland was annexed by England in 1664, though other sources mention the Engle family and the heavily forested areas of the community as the derivation of the name. Numerous other settlements in the United States were named for Englewood as settlement in North America expanded westward. J. Wyman Jones is credited with convincing residents to choose Englewood for the city's name when it was incorporated over such alternatives as "Brayton" and "Paliscena".
Pre-Colonial and Colonial
Englewood, like the rest of New Jersey, was populated by Lenape Native Americans prior to European colonization. The Lenape who lived in the Englewood region were of the "turtle clan" which used a stylized turtle as its symbol, but little else is known of those inhabitants.
When Henry Hudson sailed up what would become known as the Hudson River in 1607, he claimed the entirety of the watershed of the river, including Englewood, for the Netherlands, making the future region of Englewood a part of New Netherland. However, the region remained largely unsettled under Dutch rule as the Dutch did little to encourage settlement north of modern Hudson County, as the imposing New Jersey Palisades blocked expansion on the west bank of the Hudson.
In 1664, after the Dutch surrendered all of New Netherland to England, the rate of settlement picked up. The English were generous with land grants, and many families, not only English but also Dutch and Huguenot, settled the area, which during the colonial era was known as the English Neighborhood. Street names in Englewood still recall the relative diversity of its earliest settlers; Brinckerhoff, Van Brunt, Lydecker, Van Nostrand and Durie (Duryea), all Dutch; Demarest (de Marais), DeMott and Lozier (Le Sueur), French Huguenot; and Moore, Lawrence, Cole and Day, English.
From 1906 until March 16, 1907, when it burned down, Englewood was the site of Upton Sinclair's socialist inflected intentional community, the Helicon Home Colony. Associated with the project were Charlotte Perkins Gilman and Sinclair Lewis.
The telephone industry made a United States "first" in Englewood with the introduction of what is known now as Direct distance dialing (DDD). On November 10, 1951, Englewood Mayor M. Leslie Denning made the first directly dialed long distance call, to Mayor Frank Osborne of Alameda, California. As of that date, customers of the ENglewood 3, ENglewood 4 and TEaneck 7 exchanges (who could already dial New York City and area) were able to dial 11 cities across the United States, simply by dialing the three-digit area code and the seven digit number (or the three-digit area code and the local number of two letters and five digits).
Vince Lombardi began his football coaching career at St. Cecilia High School, two years after his graduation from Fordham University. The National Football League (NFL) championship trophy is named in his honor.
Englewood is located at United States Census Bureau, Englewood city had a total area of 4.937 square miles (12.786 km2), of which, 4.914 square miles (12.727 km2) of it was land and 0.023 square miles (0.060 km2) of it (0.47%) was water.(40.891197,-73.972515). According to the
At the 2010 United States Census, there were 27,147 people, 10,057 households, and 6,788 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,524.6 per square mile (2,133.1 /km2). There were 10,695 housing units at an average density of 2,176.5 per square mile (840.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 45.28% (12,292) White, 32.58% (8,845) Black or African American, 0.54% (147) Native American, 8.10% (2,199) Asian, 0.04% (12) Pacific Islander, 9.73% (2,641) from other races, and 3.72% (1,011) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 27.48% (7,460) of the population.
There were 10,057 households of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.1% were married couples living together, 17.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.5% were non-families. 27.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.24.
In the city, 22.2% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 27.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.9 years. For every 100 females there were 90.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.3 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $69,915 (with a margin of error of +/- $7,291) and the median family income was $87,361 (+/- $9,616). Males had a median income of $58,776 (+/- $7,972) versus $48,571 (+/- $3,984) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $41,533 (+/- $2,981). About 6.9% of families and 10.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.7% of those under age 18 and 15.8% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 26,203 people, 9,273 households, and 6,481 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,322.0 people per square mile (2,056.3/km2). There were 9,614 housing units at an average density of 1,952.7 per square mile (754.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 42.49% White, 38.98% African American, 0.27% Native American, 5.21% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 8.50% from other races, and 4.50% from two or more races. 21.76% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
7.17% of Englewood residents identified themselves as being of Colombian American ancestry in the 2000 Census, the ninth-highest percentage of the population of any municipality in the United States.
There were 9,273 households out of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.9% were married couples living together, 17.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% were non-families. 24.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.29.
In the city the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 88.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $58,379, and the median income for a family was $67,194. Males had a median income of $41,909 versus $34,358 for females. The per capita income for the city was $35,275. 8.9% of the population and 6.6% of families were below the poverty line. 10.2% of those under the age of 18 and 8.6% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
Beginning in 1980, Englewood switched from a Mayor-Council form of government to a modified Council-Manager plan of government in accordance with a Special Charter granted by the New Jersey Legislature. Under this charter, the mayor retains appointive and veto powers, while the council acts as a legislative and policy making body, with some power to appoint and confirm appointments. The City Council consists of five members Administrative functions are responsibilities of the City Manager. The six seats in the governing body are elected in a three-year cycle as part of the November general election, with wards two and four both up together, followed a year later by wards one and three, and then the at-large council and mayoral seats. Each ward votes in two of the three years in the cycle, once for its ward seat, in the other year for the two positions voted at-large and one year with no election.
The mayor is elected city-wide to a three-year term of office and has significant powers in appointing members to the Planning Board, the Library Board of Trustees, and, with council confirmation, the Board of Adjustment. The mayor serves on the Planning Board. The mayor attends and may speak at council meetings, but voting is confined only to breaking a deadlock with an affirmative vote for passage of an ordinance or resolution. The mayor has veto power over any city ordinance, but can be overridden with votes from four council members.
The City Council consists of five members, each elected for a three-year term. Four are elected from the individual wards in which they live and the other is elected by a city-wide vote as an at-large member. The city is divided into four wards which are approximately equal in population. The City Council is the legislative branch of government, deciding public policy, creating city ordinances and resolutions, passing the city budget, appropriating funds for city services, and hiring the City Manager. The City Council meets generally four times per month (except during summer months).
As of 2013[update], the Mayor of Englewood is Frank Huttle, III (D, term ends December 31, 2015). Members of the City Council are Lynne Algrant (At-Large; D, 2015), Michael D. Cohen (Ward 2; D, 2013), Wayne Hamer (Ward 4; D, 2013 - serving an unexpired term), Marc Forman (Ward 1; D, 2014) and Eugene Skurnick (Ward 3; D, 2014).
Wayne Hamer was appointed by the City Council in to fill the vacant seat of Jack Drakeford who died in August 2012
Federal, state and county representation
New Jersey's Ninth Congressional District is represented by Bill Pascrell (D, Paterson). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg) and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).
The 37th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Loretta Weinberg (D, Teaneck) and in the General Assembly by Valerie Huttle (D, Englewood) and Gordon M. Johnson (D, Englewood). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Bergen County is governed by a directly elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders. The County Executive is Kathleen Donovan (R, Rutherford; term ends December 31, 2014). The seven freeholders are elected at-large in partisan elections on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year, with a Chairman, Vice Chairman and Chairman Pro Tempore selected from among its members at a reorganization meeting held each January. As of 2013[update], Bergen County's Freeholders are Freeholder Chairman David L. Ganz (D, 2014; Fair Lawn), Vice Chairwoman Joan Voss (D, 2014; Fort Lee), Chairman Pro Tempore John A. Felice (R, 2016; River Edge), Maura R. DeNicola (R, 2016; Franklin Lakes), Steve Tanelli (D, 2015; North Arlington) and Tracy Silna Zur (D, 2015; Franklin Lakes). Countywide constitutional officials are Sheriff Michael Saudino (R), Surrogate Michael R. Dressler (D, Cresskill) and County Clerk John S. Hogan (D, Northvale).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 15,033 registered voters in Englewood, of which 8,571 (57.0% vs. 31.7% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 1,215 (8.1% vs. 21.1%) were registered as Republicans and 5,240 (34.9% vs. 47.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 7 voters registered to other parties. Among the city's 2010 Census population, 55.4% (vs. 57.1% in Bergen County) were registered to vote, including 71.2% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 73.7% countywide).
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 8,855 votes here (76.8% vs. 54.8% countywide), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 2,502 votes (21.7% vs. 43.5%) and other candidates with 71 votes (0.6% vs. 0.9%), among the 11,533 ballots cast by the city's 16,586 registered voters, for a turnout of 69.5% (vs. 70.4% in Bergen County). In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 9,412 votes here (77.0% vs. 53.9% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain with 2,625 votes (21.5% vs. 44.5%) and other candidates with 58 votes (0.5% vs. 0.8%), among the 12,221 ballots cast by the city's 16,065 registered voters, for a turnout of 76.1% (vs. 76.8% in Bergen County). In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 8,087 votes here (73.6% vs. 51.7% countywide), ahead of Republican George W. Bush with 2,798 votes (25.5% vs. 47.2%) and other candidates with 65 votes (0.6% vs. 0.7%), among the 10,990 ballots cast by the city's 14,702 registered voters, for a turnout of 74.8% (vs. 76.9% in the whole county).
In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 5,304 ballots cast (73.8% vs. 48.0% countywide), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 1,613 votes (22.5% vs. 45.8%), Independent Chris Daggett with 170 votes (2.4% vs. 4.7%) and other candidates with 20 votes (0.3% vs. 0.5%), among the 7,184 ballots cast by the city's 15,534 registered voters, yielding a 46.2% turnout (vs. 50.0% in the county).
The Englewood Public School District serves students in Kindergarten through twelfth grade. For high school, students from Englewood Cliffs attend Dwight Morrow High School as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Englewood Cliffs Public Schools.
Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are D. A. Quarles Early Childhood Center (379 students; grades PreK-K), Grieco Elementary School (545; 1-3), McCloud School (562; 4-6), Janis E. Dismus Middle School (375; 7-8) and Dwight Morrow High School / Academies @ Englewood (9-12; 994).
Public school students from the city, and all of Bergen County, are eligible to attend the secondary education programs offered by the Bergen County Technical Schools, which include the Bergen County Academies in Hackensack, and the Bergen Tech campus in Teterboro or Paramus. The district offers programs on a shared-time or full-time basis, with admission based on a selective application process and tuition covered by the student's home school district.
As an alternative to regular public education, the city is home of the Englewood on the Palisades Charter School, which had an enrollment of 198 students in Kindergarten through fifth grade, as of the 2010-11 school year. Shalom Academy, a charter school with a focus on Hebrew language immersion, had planned to open for grades K-5 in September 2013, serving students from both Englewood and Teaneck, but was rejected by the New Jersey Department of Education in July 2012. The school had originally planned to open for the 2011-12 school year, but was forced to delay its opening date for 12 months after it was unable to demonstrate to the New Jersey Department of Education that it had obtained an appropriate facility to house its students and was given a "planning year" by the NJDoE to address outstanding issues.
Englewood is the home to a number of private schools. Dwight-Englewood School has 900 students in preschool through twelfth grade, housed in three separate divisions. Founded in 1930, Elisabeth Morrow School serves 460 students in preschool through eighth grade. Moriah School of Englewood, one of the county's largest, is a Jewish day school with an enrollment that had been as high as 1,000 students in preschool through eighth grade. Yeshiva Ohr Simcha serves students in high school for grades 9-12 and offers a postgraduate yeshiva program.
In the face of a declining enrollment, St. Cecilia Interparochial School was closed by the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark at the end of the 2010-11 school year, with an expected student body of 85 students for K-8 in the following year constituting less than half of the number of students needed to keep the school financially viable. St. Cecilia High School had been closed in 1986.
Roads and highways
The city had a total of 75.06 miles (120.80 km) of roadways, of which 64.30 miles (103.48 km) are maintained by the municipality, 8.39 miles (13.50 km) by Bergen County and 1.94 miles (3.12 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 0.43 miles (0.69 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.
Route 4, Route 93, Interstate 95 (the New Jersey Turnpike), County Route 501, and County Route 505 also serve Englewood. The northern terminus of Route 93 is at the intersection of Route 4 and Route 93, but the road continues north as CR 501.
A small section of the New Jersey Turnpike clips the city's southern border, as Interstate 95 arches north from its intersection with Interstate 80 in Teaneck and heads through Leonia travels through Englewood for 0.4 miles (0.64 km) before heading back int Leonia and on towards the George Washington Bridge.
New Jersey Transit bus lines serving Englewood include the 166 providing service to and from the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan; the 171, 175, 178 and 186 routes to the George Washington Bridge Bus Terminal; and the 756 and 780 offering local service. Rockland Coaches also provides scheduled service to both of these New York bus terminals.
A proposed extension of the Hudson–Bergen Light Rail along the Northern Branch would include stations at Englewood Hospital, Town Center and Route 4. In 2013, NJ Transit announced that the line would end in Englewood, after Tenafly officials estimated that as much in $8 million in commercial property would be lost and residents raised strong objections.
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- 1951: First Direct-Dial Transcontinental Telephone Call, AT&T Corporation. Accessed June 8, 2007. "Nov. 10, 1951: Mayor M. Leslie Downing of Englewood, N.J., picked up a telephone and dialed 10 digits. Eighteen seconds later, he reached Mayor Frank Osborne in Alameda, Calif. The mayors made history as they chatted in the first customer-dialed long-distance call, one that introduced area codes."
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- New Jersey School Directory for the Englewood Public School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed August 12, 2013.
- About Us, Bergen County Technical Schools. Accessed December 5, 2013.
- Admissions, Bergen County Technical Schools. Accessed December 5, 2013.
- About EPCS, Englewood on the Palisades Charter School. Accessed February 24, 2013.
- Data for Englewood on the Palisades Charter School, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed February 24, 2013.
- Curley, Mike. "Bachrach outlines mission of Shalom Academy charter school", Northern Valley Suburbanite, February 8, 2011. Accessed April 13, 2011.
- Alexander, Andrea. "2012 opening likely for Shalom Academy in Teaneck", The Record (Bergen County), July 25, 2011. Accessed August 8, 2011. "Shalom Academy was seeking approval to open this fall with 160 students in Grades K-5 from Englewood and Teaneck and has plans to add Grades 6-8. But the school was not able to provide the state with a final certificate of occupancy for its location in time. Last week, the state announced that nine new charters will open in September, while 21 schools, including Shalom Academy, were granted a planning year."
- Prosnitz, Howard. "Shalom Academy denied permission to open in the fall", Teaneck Suburbanite, July 17, 2012. Accessed July 18, 2012. "The New Jersey Department of Education denied permission for Shalom Academy, a Hebrew language charter school, to open in the fall. In a letter dated July 16, Acting Commissioner of Education Christopher Cerf wrote that the school's board of trustees and founders had failed to provide a certificate of occupancy for education, a fire inspection certificate and a sanitary inspection with a satisfactory rating."
- We are D-E, Dwight-Englewood School. Accessed August 12, 2013.
- At-A-Glance, Elisabeth Morrow School. Accessed August 12, 2013.
- Wiener, Julie. "Increased Competition Shakes Up N.J. SchoolsEnglewood’s Moriah letting teachers go as nearby schools thriving.", The Jewish Week, April 10, 2013. Accessed December 5, 2013. "A few days before the two-week Pesach break, the Englewood, N.J., school — one of the oldest and largest Jewish day schools in Bergen County — is said to have laid off 22 faculty members, many of them believed to be longtime employees who are in their 60s, The Jewish Week has learned.... While sources close to the school told The Jewish Week that enrollment there has dropped from approximately 1,000 a few years ago to 780 this year to about 700 projected for next year, Sohn, in an e-mail to The Jewish Week, said that enrollment is currently over 800, and that the early childhood program is increasing 15 percent for next year."
- Lipowsky, Josh. "We try to give them the feeling this is all part of one family", Jewish Standard, July 4, 2007.
- Fabiano, Giovanna. "Englewood's St. Cecilia school to close", The Record (Bergen County), March 1, 2011. Accessed February 24, 2013. "St. Cecilia Interparochial School is closing its doors for good at the end of the school year.The landmark K-8 school on West Demarest Avenue has suffered from low enrollment over the last decade, Jim Goodness, a spokesman for the Archdiocese of Newark, said Tuesday. He added that the decision to close was no surprise to parents and staff."
- Bergen County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed December 5, 2013.
- Interstate 95 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, October 2001. Accessed December 5, 2013.
- Routes by County: Bergen County at the Wayback Machine (archived May 22, 2009), New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 22, 2009. Accessed August 8, 2011.
- Rockland Coaches: Commuter Routes, Rockland Coaches. Accessed March 9, 2014.
- Northern Branch Corridor Project, New Jersey Transit. Accessed June 29, 2011.
- Ma, Myles. "Light rail to stop in Englewood, not Tenafly, NJ Transit decides", The Record (Bergen County), May 5, 2013. Accessed August 11, 2013. "In contrast, Tenafly residents made clear in public hearings that they didn't want the line in their town. Tenafly Mayor Peter Rustin said extending the line would require $8 million in commercial property to be torn down."
- Clayton, W. Woodford; with Nelson, William. History of Bergen and Passaic Counties, New Jersey, with Biographical Sketches of Many of its Pioneers and Prominent Men. Philadelphia: Everts and Peck, 1882.
- Harvey, Cornelius Burnham (ed.), Genealogical History of Hudson and Bergen Counties, New Jersey. New York: New Jersey Genealogical Publishing Co., 1900.
- Van Valen, James M. History of Bergen County, New Jersey. New York: New Jersey Publishing and Engraving Co., 1900.
- Westervelt, Frances A. (Frances Augusta), 1858-1942, History of Bergen County, New Jersey, 1630-1923, Lewis Historical Publishing Company, 1923.
- Englewood official website
- Englewood Mayor Official Website
- Englewood Public School District
- Englewood Public School District's 2010–11 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
- Data for the Englewood Public School District, National Center for Education Statistics
- History of Englewood school desegregation at the Wayback Machine (archived October 26, 2009)
- Englewood Volunteer Ambulance Corps Inc.
- Dwight-Englewood School
- The Englewood Report
- Historical Population Trends in Bergen County 1990 - 2000
- Census 2000 Demographic Profile Highlights for Englewood