Englewood, Ohio

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Englewood, Ohio
City
Englewoodgov.JPG
Location in Ohio
Location in Ohio
Location within Montgomery County, Ohio
Location within Montgomery County, Ohio
Coordinates: 39°52′N 84°18′W / 39.867°N 84.300°W / 39.867; -84.300Coordinates: 39°52′N 84°18′W / 39.867°N 84.300°W / 39.867; -84.300
Country United States
State Ohio
County Montgomery
Founded May 6, 1841 (as Harrisburg)
Named "Iamton" February 8, 1870
"Englewood" July 11, 1899
Incorporated May 15, 1914
Government
 • Mayor Patricia Burnside
Area[1]
 • Total 6.59 sq mi (17.07 km2)
 • Land 6.55 sq mi (16.96 km2)
 • Water 0.04 sq mi (0.10 km2)
Elevation 915 ft (279 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 13,465
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 13,463
 • Density 2,055.7/sq mi (793.7/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 45315, 45322
Area code(s) 937
Twin cities
 • Billerbeck Germany
FIPS code 39-25396[4]
GNIS feature ID 1064624[5]
Website www.englewood.oh.us

Englewood, a northern suburb of Dayton, is a city in Montgomery County, Ohio, United States. The population was 13,465 at the 2010 census.[6] It is part of the Dayton Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Although Englewood was not actually founded until 1841, many early settlers began to come to the area known as Randolph Township around 1800. Earliest settlers were the families of David Hoover, David Mast, Daniel Hoover, Robert Ewing, John and Abraham McClintock, John Rench, Martin Sheets, Jacob Smith, Daniel and Peter Fetters. Also among the early settlers were the families of the Ellers, Fouts, Frantzs, Wertzs and the Brumbaughs.[7]

The early settlers made their living basically from agriculture. They shipped grain and bacon down the Stillwater River on flat bottom boats to Dayton and as far south as New Orleans. There was also a considerable amount of industry, including saw mills, gun smithing, wine distilling and pottery manufacturing.[7]

There were many Native Americans in the area in the early days; however, they were not hostile and traded with the settlers. There was also an abundance of wildlife which afforded good hunting for the settlers’ food requirements.

Following primarily the path traced through this area by the Stillwater River, a group of settlers founded what is now the City of Englewood on May 6, 1841. These pioneers included Mathias Gish, Daniel Rasor and Samuel Herr. Some of these settlers came from the area around Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, and thus named the community Harrisburg. Other residents came from Randolph County, North Carolina, and named this township accordingly.[7]

Harrisburg’s first post office was opened on February 8, 1870, and discontinued on February 6, 1871. The post office was re-established on May 8, 1874, and the first postmaster was Harvey Iams. The town was then renamed Iamton. However, at that time the capital letters I and J were the same in the alphabet and the town became known as Jamton.[7]

In 1898, the local businessmen conducted a contest to choose a new name for the town. The name Englewood was chosen as the winner of that contest and the town of Jamton was renamed Englewood. The Village of Englewood was incorporated on May 15, 1914, and Jacob Hoover was the first mayor. The population had risen to 415 by 1930 and over 600 by 1940.[7] Englewood became a city in 1971.

Natural gas was made available to the area in 1934, the first water works was built in 1936 and the original sewer system was completed in 1940.

Geography[edit]

The coordinates for the city are 39°51′48″N 84°18′15″W / 39.86333°N 84.30417°W / 39.86333; -84.30417 (39.863355, -84.304044).[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.59 square miles (17.07 km2), of which, 6.55 square miles (16.96 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 351
1930 415 18.2%
1940 531 28.0%
1950 678 27.7%
1960 1,515 123.5%
1970 7,885 420.5%
1980 11,329 43.7%
1990 11,432 0.9%
2000 12,235 7.0%
2010 13,465 10.1%
Sources:[4][9][10][11][12]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 13,465 people, 5,555 households, and 3,687 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,055.7 inhabitants per square mile (793.7/km2). There were 5,898 housing units at an average density of 900.5 per square mile (347.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 82.3% White, 12.9% African American, 0.2% Native American, 1.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.6% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.1% of the population.

There were 5,555 households of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.6% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.6% were non-families. 29.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.93.

The median age in the city was 42.1 years. 23% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.7% were from 25 to 44; 27.1% were from 45 to 64; and 19.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.6% male and 53.4% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 12,235 people, 5,062 households, and 3,442 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,865.1 people per square mile (720.1/km2). There were 5,310 housing units at an average density of 809.4 per square mile (312.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.51% White, 4.61% African American, 0.21% Native American, 1.30% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.38% from other races, and 0.98% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.87% of the population.

There were 5,062 households out of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.0% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.0% were non-families. 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 16.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 89.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $46,920, and the median income for a family was $60,978. Males had a median income of $41,312 versus $31,647 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,792. About 2.3% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.9% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Englewood is served by the Northmont City School District of Montgomery County, Ohio. The schools include:

  • Northmont High School
  • Northmont Middle School
  • Englewood Elementary
  • Englewood Hills Elementary
  • Northmoor Elementary
  • Northwood Elementary
  • O. R. Edgington Elementary
  • Union Elementary

Northmont City Schools also serve the communities of Clayton, Union, and Phillipsburg.

Englewood is also home to a satellite campus of Sinclair Community College.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  4. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder2". Retrieved 2010-03-20. 
  7. ^ a b c d e Heck, Earl (1969). The History of Englewood and Randolph Township Montgomery County, Ohio (PDF). Forward by John W. Waymire. Retrieved 2014-08-14. 
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ "Population: Ohio". 1930 US Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  10. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  11. ^ "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  12. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 

External links[edit]