Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey

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Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Englewood Cliffs
Borough administration office building
Borough administration office building
Map highlighting Englewood Cliffs' location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey
Map highlighting Englewood Cliffs' location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°53′23″N 73°56′31″W / 40.889682°N 73.942047°W / 40.889682; -73.942047Coordinates: 40°53′23″N 73°56′31″W / 40.889682°N 73.942047°W / 40.889682; -73.942047[1][2]
Country  United States of America
State  New Jersey
County Bergen
Incorporated May 10, 1895
Government[5]
 • Type Borough
 • Mayor Joseph C. Parisi, Jr. (term ends December 31, 2015)[3]
 • Administrator / Clerk Lisette M. Duffy[4]
Area[1]
 • Total 3.329 sq mi (8.623 km2)
 • Land 2.089 sq mi (5.410 km2)
 • Water 1.24 sq mi (3.213 km2)  37.26%
Area rank 320th of 566 in state
23rd of 70 in county[1]
Elevation[6] 318 ft (97 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 5,281
 • Estimate (2013)[10] 5,354
 • Rank 369th of 566 in state
59th of 70 in county[11]
 • Density 2,528.1/sq mi (976.1/km2)
 • Density rank 248th of 566 in state
49th of 70 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07632[12][13]
Area code(s) 201[14]
FIPS code 3400321510[1][15][16]
GNIS feature ID 0885210[1][17]
Website www.englewoodcliffsnj.org

Englewood Cliffs is a borough in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 5,281,[7][8][9] reflecting a decline of 41 (-0.8%) from the 5,322 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 312 (-5.5%) from the 5,634 counted in the 1990 Census.[18]

The borough houses the world headquarters of CNBC (NBCUniversal), the North American headquarters of South Korean conglomerate LG Corp,[19] and the American headquarters of global CPG conglomerate Unilever, and is home to both Ferrari and Maserati North America.[20][21]

The borough's formation dates back to an election for Road Commissioner in Road District 1 between William Outis Allison and Clinton H. Blake, a future mayor of Englewood. Blake won the vote, but Allison challenged the result, arguing that women had been improperly allowed to vote. The vote was overturned, but Englewood officials would not seat Allison, which ultimately led to his successful efforts in 1895 to have Road District 1 secede to form the Borough of Englewood Cliffs, with Allison serving as the new municipality's first mayor.[22]

Englewood Cliffs was formed as a borough on May 10, 1895, from portions of Englewood Township and Palisades Township, based on the results of a referendum held the previous day.[23][24] The borough was formed during the "Boroughitis" phenomenon then sweeping through Bergen County, as of one two boroughs created in 1895 after 26 boroughs had been formed in the county in 1894 alone.[25]

Geography[edit]

View of the George Washington Bridge and Manhattan from the Roosevelt Overlook on the Palisades Interstate Parkway in Englewood Cliffs

Englewood Cliffs is located at 40°53′23″N 73°56′31″W / 40.889682°N 73.942047°W / 40.889682; -73.942047 (40.889682,-73.942047). According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 3.329 square miles (8.623 km2), of which, 2.089 square miles (5.410 km2) of it was land and 1.24 square miles (3.213 km2) of it (37.26%) was water.[1][2]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 218
1910 410 88.1%
1920 534 30.2%
1930 809 51.5%
1940 888 9.8%
1950 966 8.8%
1960 2,913 201.6%
1970 5,938 103.8%
1980 5,698 −4.0%
1990 5,634 −1.1%
2000 5,322 −5.5%
2010 5,281 −0.8%
Est. 2013 5,354 [10] 1.4%
Population sources:
1900-1920[26] 1900-1910[27]
1910-1930[28] 1900-2010[29][30][31]
2000[32][33] 2010[7][8][9]

In 2012, Englewood Cliffs was ranked 129th in the nation, and fifth in New Jersey, on the list of most expensive ZIP codes in the United States by Forbes magazine, with a median home price of $1,439,115.[34] In 2006, the borough was ranked sixth in New Jersey and 78th in the nation in the magazine's rankings, with a median house price of $1,112,500.[35]

2010 Census[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 5,281 people, 1,824 households, and 1,527 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,528.1 per square mile (976.1/km2). There were 1,924 housing units at an average density of 921.0 per square mile (355.6/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 56.35% (2,976) White, 2.08% (110) Black or African American, 0.08% (4) Native American, 38.52% (2,034) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.78% (41) from other races, and 2.20% (116) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 5.98% (316) of the population.[7]

There were 1,824 households, of which 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.1% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.3% were non-families. 14.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87 and the average family size was 3.17.[7]

In the borough, 21.5% of the population were under the age of 18, 4.6% from 18 to 24, 20.0% from 25 to 44, 29.7% from 45 to 64, and 24.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47.2 years. For every 100 females there were 93.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.7 males.[7]

Korean Americans accounted for 20.3% of the borough's population.[7] Englewood Cliffs has witnessed expansion of this demographic from the adjoining Fort Lee Koreatown (포트 리 코리아타운), as well as from the borough's status as the North American headquarters of the LG Corporation, based in Seoul.[36]

Same-sex couples headed 10 households in 2010, an increase from the three counted in 2000.[37]

The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $101,964 (with a margin of error of +/- $32,516) and the median family income was $126,985 (+/- $37,177). Males had a median income of $88,438 (+/- $9,456) versus $52,950 (+/- $7,757) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $53,260 (+/- $12,101). About 8.0% of families and 16.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.9% of those under age 18 and 32.7% of those age 65 or over.[38]

2000 Census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 5,322 people, 1,818 households, and 1,559 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,544.3 people per square mile (983.2/km2). There were 1,889 housing units at an average density of 903.1 per square mile (349.0/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 66.84% White, 1.37% African American, 0.04% Native American, 29.69% Asian, 0.71% from other races, and 1.35% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.89% of the population.[32][33]

There were 1,818 households out of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 76.0% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 14.2% were non-families. 12.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.90 and the average family size was 3.16.[32][33]

In the borough the age distribution of the population shows 20.7% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 23.9% from 25 to 44, 27.7% from 45 to 64, and 22.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 89.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.8 males.[32][33]

The median income for a household in the borough was $106,478, and the median income for a family was $113,187 in 2000. In 2008, the estimated median income had risen to $134,419. Males had a median income of $79,501 versus $42,019 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $57,399. About 1.4% of families and 2.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.9% of those under age 18 and 5.3% of those age 65 or over.[32][33]

As of the 2000 Census, 11.76% of Englewood Cliffs' residents identified themselves as being of Korean ancestry, which was the tenth highest in the United States and eighth highest of any municipality in New Jersey, for all places with 1,000 or more residents identifying their ancestry.[39] The 2000 census found that 3.4% of Englewood Cliffs residents identified themselves as being of Armenian-American ancestry, the eighth highest percentage of Armenian American people in any place in the United States.[40] In the 2000 census, 8.42% of Englewood Cliffs' residents identified themselves as being of Chinese ancestry. This was the third highest percentage of people with Chinese ancestry in any place in New Jersey with 1,000 or more residents identifying their ancestry.[41] In this same census, 2.91% of Englewood Cliffs' residents identified themselves as being of Japanese ancestry, which was the fifth highest of any municipality in New Jersey — behind Fort Lee (6.09%), Demarest (3.72%), Edgewater (3.22%) and Leonia (3.07%) — for all places with 1,000 or more residents identifying their ancestry.[42] As of the 2010 Census, 20.3% of the population (1,072) reported as being of Korean ancestry, 8.9% (472) Chinese and 5.7% (300) Asian Indian.[7]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Englewood Cliffs is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle.[5][43] The Borough form of government used by Englewood Cliffs, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council. The council is the borough's legislative body; The mayor can veto ordinances, subject to override by the council.[44]

As of 2014, the Mayor is Democrat Joseph Parisi, Jr., whose term of office ends December 31, 2015.[45] Parisi succeeded his father, Joseph Parisi Sr., who was mayor for 29 years, and was halfway through a four-year term when he died at age 79 on November 15, 2005.[46] Members of the Englewood Cliffs Borough Council are (with party affiliation, term-end year and committee assignments listed in parentheses) are Council President Joseph Favaro (D, 2015; Fire, EMS and Historical), Edward Aversa (D, 2014; Police, Community Events, Recreation), Nunzio Consalvo (2016; Transportation, Clean Communities, Legislative Liaison), Ramon Ferro (R, 2015; Lighting and Sanitation), Zhi Liang (2016; Beautification, Historical, Economic Development, Council Representative to the Board of Health) and Gloria Oh (D, 2014; Economic Development, Finance, Legal).[47][48][49][50][51][52][53][54]

Nora Jobson, who had lost a council seat in November 2011 by 36 votes, was chosen in March 2013 to fill the vacant seat of Ilan Plawker, who had resigned the previous month after serving 18 years on the borough council due to health issues and conflicts with other responsibilities.[55]

Mayors[edit]

  • Joseph Parisi, Jr. - 2008 to 2011.[45]
  • Joseph Parisi, Sr. - 1976 to 2005.[45]
  • Thomas E. Stagnitti (1923–2006) - 1964 to 1976.[56]
  • William Outis Allison (1849–1924) 1895 to 1911 (?). He was the first Mayor of Englewood Cliffs, and served four terms in office.[57]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Englewood Cliffs is located in the 9th Congressional District[58] and is part of New Jersey's 37th state legislative district.[8][59][60]

New Jersey's Ninth Congressional District is represented by Bill Pascrell (D, Paterson).[61] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[62][63] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[64][65]

The 37th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Loretta Weinberg (D, Teaneck) and in the General Assembly by Valerie Huttle (D, Englewood) and Gordon M. Johnson (D, Englewood).[66] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[67] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[68]

Bergen County is governed by a directly elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders.[69] The County Executive is Kathleen Donovan (R, Rutherford; term ends December 31, 2014).[70] The seven freeholders are elected at-large in partisan elections on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year, with a Chairman, Vice Chairman and Chairman Pro Tempore selected from among its members at a reorganization meeting held each January.[71] As of 2014, Bergen County's Freeholders are Freeholder Chairman David L. Ganz (D, 2014; Fair Lawn),[72] Vice Chairwoman Joan Voss (D, 2014; Fort Lee),[73] Chairman Pro Tempore John A. Felice (R, 2016; River Edge),[74] Maura R. DeNicola (R, 2016; Franklin Lakes),[75] Steve Tanelli (D, 2015; North Arlington)[76] James J. Tedesco, III (D, 2015; Paramus)[77] and Tracy Silna Zur (D, 2015; Franklin Lakes).[78][79] Countywide constitutional officials are County Clerk John S. Hogan (D, Northvale),[80] Sheriff Michael Saudino (R),[81] Surrogate Michael R. Dressler (D, Cresskill)[82][83][69]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 3,505 registered voters in Englewood Cliffs, of which 1,069 (30.5% vs. 31.7% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 761 (21.7% vs. 21.1%) were registered as Republicans and 1,675 (47.8% vs. 47.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were no voters registered to other parties.[84] Among the borough's 2010 Census population, 66.4% (vs. 57.1% in Bergen County) were registered to vote, including 84.6% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 73.7% countywide).[84][85]

In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 1,369 votes here (54.6% vs. 43.5% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 1,086 votes (43.3% vs. 54.8%) and other candidates with 19 votes (0.8% vs. 0.9%), among the 2,506 ballots cast by the borough's 3,697 registered voters, for a turnout of 67.8% (vs. 70.4% in Bergen County).[86][87] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 1,415 votes here (51.0% vs. 44.5% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 1,301 votes (46.9% vs. 53.9%) and other candidates with 20 votes (0.7% vs. 0.8%), among the 2,775 ballots cast by the borough's 3,674 registered voters, for a turnout of 75.5% (vs. 76.8% in Bergen County).[88][89] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 1,457 votes here (52.1% vs. 47.2% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 1,316 votes (47.0% vs. 51.7%) and other candidates with 11 votes (0.4% vs. 0.7%), among the 2,799 ballots cast by the borough's 3,594 registered voters, for a turnout of 77.9% (vs. 76.9% in the whole county).[90]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 1,059 votes here (51.5% vs. 45.8% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 879 votes (42.7% vs. 48.0%), Independent Chris Daggett with 54 votes (2.6% vs. 4.7%) and other candidates with 12 votes (0.6% vs. 0.5%), among the 2,057 ballots cast by the borough's 3,588 registered voters, yielding a 57.3% turnout (vs. 50.0% in the county).[91]

Emergency services[edit]

Ambulance Corps[edit]

Emergency medical services (EMS) are provided to the borough of Englewood Cliffs by Englewood Hospital and Medical Center under the terms of an agreement between the borough and the hospital.

The borough had been served by the Englewood Cliffs Volunteer Ambulance Corps, which was staffed by trained and certified Emergency Medical Technicians who were on call from 7:00 PM to 6:00 AM on weekdays and 24/7 on weekends. ECVAC maintained three vehicles, two Ford Type-III ambulances and a Chevy Tahoe SUV and responded to an average of over 300 medical emergencies each year. The ECVAC was disbanded in August 2012 by the Mayor and Council of Englewood Cliffs, citing delays in providing prompt emergency response to borough residents due to the lack of volunteers.[92]

Economy[edit]

Unilever building

CNBC,[93] LG North American headquarters,[19][94] and Unilever North America are headquartered in Englewood Cliffs.[95]

LG Electronics held a groundbreaking ceremony on November 14, 2013 to build an environmentally friendly North American headquarters in Englewood Cliffs, having received a favorable legal decision subsequently being appealed based upon building height issues. Protesters have sharply criticized the proposal, arguing that the 143-foot (44 m) height of the building exceeds the borough's 35-foot (11 m) limit and that the height of the building above the tree line will disrupt views of the Palisades.[96]

Education[edit]

The Englewood Cliffs Public Schools serve children in pre-Kindergarten through eighth grade. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's two schools had an enrollment of 364 students and 43.4 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 8.39:1.[97] Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[98]) are North Cliff School[99] with 169 students in grades PreK–2 and Upper School[100] with 195 students in grades 3–8.[101]

The school district has a sending/receiving relationship with the Englewood Public School District under which students attend public high school at Dwight Morrow High School in Englewood.[102]

Public school students from the borough, and all of Bergen County, are eligible to attend the secondary education programs offered by the Bergen County Technical Schools, which include the Bergen County Academies in Hackensack, and the Bergen Tech campus in Teterboro or Paramus. The district offers programs on a shared-time or full-time basis, with admission based on a selective application process and tuition covered by the student's home school district.[103][104]

Since 1975, Englewood Cliffs has been home to a campus of Saint Peter's University, where evening and weekend classes are offered for Associate's degrees, Bachelor's degrees, and graduate degrees. The college's nursing program for registered nurses is also located at the campus. Previously, the campus had been home to Englewood Cliffs College, which closed in 1974.[105]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

As of 2010, the borough had a total of 35.16 miles (56.58 km) of roadways, of which 27.89 miles (44.88 km) were maintained by the municipality, 1.66 miles (2.67 km) by Bergen County, 2.82 miles (4.54 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 2.79 miles (4.49 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.[106]

U.S. Route 9W[107] and the Palisades Interstate Parkway[108] both run alongside each other for about 2.8 miles (4.5 km) along the Hudson River from Fort Lee in the south to Tenafly in the north. County Route 505 (Hudson Terrace / Palisades Avenue) travels through the borough from Fort Lee in the south to Englewood in the east.[109] Motorists can also take a scenic drive along Henry Hudson Drive at the Palisades Interstate Park, which is accessible via Dyckman Hill Road.[110]

Public transportation[edit]

New Jersey Transit bus route 156 serves the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan and the 186 terminates at the George Washington Bridge Bus Terminal.[111]

Rockland Coaches provides service along Route 9W to the Port Authority Bus Terminal on the 9T / 9AT routes and to the George Washington Bridge Bus Terminal on the 9 and 9A routes.[112][113]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Englewood Cliffs include:

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 14, 2013.
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  4. ^ Contacts, Borough of Englewood Cliffs. Accessed September 16, 2014.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 160.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Englewood Cliffs, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Englewood Cliffs borough, Bergen County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 1, 2012.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 14. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Englewood Cliffs borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed March 1, 2012.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  11. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 30, 2013.
  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Englewood Cliffs, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed September 12, 2011.
  13. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 28, 2013.
  14. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 11, 2013.
  15. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  16. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed August 29, 2012.
  17. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  18. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed August 29, 2012.
  19. ^ a b "LG's Sustainable Flagship LG Electronics North American Headquarters Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, USA". HOK. All rights reserved. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  20. ^ Locations, Ferrari North America. Accessed April 14, 2011.
  21. ^ Legal Notice, Maserati North America. Accessed April 14, 2011.
  22. ^ Karcher, Alan J. New Jersey's Multiple Municipal Madness, p. 52. Rutgers University Press, 1998. ISBN 9780813525662. Accessed December 5, 2013.
  23. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 77. Accessed March 1, 2012.
  24. ^ History of Bergen County Vol. 1, p. 355-356.
  25. ^ Harvey, Cornelius Burnham. Genealogical History of Hudson and Bergen Counties, New Jersey, p. 11, New Jersey Genealogical Publishing Company, 1900. Accessed September 15, 2013. "For a period of sixteen years following the passage of this act few boroughs were organized in the State, only three of them being in Bergen County.... As it was twenty-six boroughs were in the county from January 23, 1894, to December 18, of the same year."
  26. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed July 30, 2013.
  27. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 335. Accessed August 29, 2012.
  28. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 714. Accessed March 1, 2012.
  29. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed March 1, 2012.
  30. ^ Bergen County Data Book 2003, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed March 1, 2012.
  31. ^ Historical Population Trends in Bergen County (1900–2010), Bergen County Department of Planning & Economic Development, 2011. Accessed November 9, 2013.
  32. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Englewood Cliffs borough, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 29, 2012.
  33. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Englewood Cliffs borough, Bergen County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 29, 2012.
  34. ^ Brennan, Morgan. "America's Most Expensive ZIP Codes", Forbes, October 16, 2012. Accessed November 14, 2013.
  35. ^ Most Expensive ZIP Codes 2006: New Jersey, Forbes magazine, July 2006. Accessed November 14, 2013.
  36. ^ Quartuccio, Alana. "Study Predicts Englewood Cliffs LG Project Will Bring Huge Revenue Boost", Englewood-EnglewoodCliffs Patch, September 3, 2013. Accessed November 14, 2013.
  37. ^ Lipman, Harvy; and Sheingold, Dave. "North Jersey sees 30% growth in same-sex couples", The Record (Bergen County), August 14, 2011, backed up by the Internet Archive as of February 3, 2013. Accessed September 15, 2014.
  38. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Englewood Cliffs borough, Bergen County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 1, 2012.
  39. ^ Korean Communities, EPodunk. Accessed December 10, 2007.
  40. ^ Armenian Communities, EPodunk. Accessed June 28, 2006.
  41. ^ Chinese Communities, EPodunk. Accessed August 23, 2006.
  42. ^ Japanese Communities, EPodunk. Accessed June 28, 2006.
  43. ^ Form of Government, Borough of Englewood Cliffs. Accessed April 14, 2011.
  44. ^ Cerra, Michael F. "Forms of Government: Everything You've Always Wanted to Know, But Were Afraid to Ask", New Jersey State League of Municipalities. Accessed December 9, 2013.
  45. ^ a b c Baskind, Amanda. "Parisi and running mates win; shifts council majority to Democrats", Northern Valley Suburbanite, November 8, 2011. Accessed March 1, 2012. "Parisi has been mayor for six years and will continue serving for the next four. Edward Aversa and Gloria Oh each won three-year terms and Joseph Favaro was elected to a one-year unexpired term."
  46. ^ Carolyn, Feibel. "Son succeeds late mayor in Englewood Cliffs -- Appointed by council colleagues", The Record (Bergen County), November 30, 2005. Accessed March 1, 2012. "The Borough Council appointed Councilman C. Joseph Parisi Jr. mayor Tuesday night in a bittersweet ceremony two weeks after the death of Parisi's father and predecessor, Joseph Parisi Sr."
  47. ^ Mayor & Council, Englewood Cliffs Borough. Accessed September 16, 2014.
  48. ^ 2014 Municipal Data Sheet, Englewood Cliffs Borough. Accessed September 16, 2014.
  49. ^ Bergen County Directory 2013 - 2014, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed September 16, 2014.
  50. ^ Bergen County Statement of Vote General Election 2012, Bergen County Clerk, November 6, 2012. Accessed December 5, 2013.
  51. ^ Bergen County Statement of Vote General Election 2011, Bergen County Clerk, November 17, 2011. Accessed December 5, 2013.
  52. ^ Bergen County Statement of Vote General Election 2010, Bergen County Clerk, November 10, 2010. Accessed December 5, 2013.
  53. ^ Baskind, Amanda. "Incumbents prevent Republicans from total control in Englewood Cliffs", Northern Valley Suburbanite, November 2, 2010. Accessed April 14, 2011. "Democrat incumbents Ilan Plawker and Melanie Simon were able to hold on to their council seats, stopping Republicans from taking complete control of the governing body."
  54. ^ Hayes, Melissa. "Englewood Cliffs to swear in new council member; Democrats seize control of council", The Record (Bergen County), November 20, 2011. Accessed March 1, 2012. "The Borough Council will hold a special meeting tonight to swear in a new member and discuss reinstating the deputy clerk position. Democrat Joseph Favaro, who served as borough clerk before retiring, will take the oath of office at 6 p.m. Favaro defeated Republican Avi Mazous to fill an unexpired council term, which Republican Carlo Bartolomeo was appointed to last November.... The Democrats will control all but one of the six council seats when Gloria Oh and Edward Aversa are sworn in next month."
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