English, Indiana

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English, Indiana
Town
The Camp Fork, a stream that has played a destructive role in the community's history
The Camp Fork, a stream that has played a destructive role in the community's history
Location in the state of Indiana
Location in the state of Indiana
Coordinates: 38°20′8″N 86°27′38″W / 38.33556°N 86.46056°W / 38.33556; -86.46056Coordinates: 38°20′8″N 86°27′38″W / 38.33556°N 86.46056°W / 38.33556; -86.46056
Country United States
State Indiana
County Crawford
Township Sterling
Area[1]
 • Total 3.04 sq mi (7.87 km2)
 • Land 3.04 sq mi (7.87 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 505 ft (154 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 645
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 642
 • Density 212.2/sq mi (81.9/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EST (UTC-5)
ZIP code 47118
Area code(s) 812
FIPS code 18-21214[4]
GNIS feature ID 0434203[5]

English is a town in and the county seat of Sterling Township, Crawford County, Indiana, United States.[6] The population was 645 at the 2010 census, making it one of Indiana's smallest county seats.

Geography[edit]

English is located at 38°20′8″N 86°27′38″W / 38.33556°N 86.46056°W / 38.33556; -86.46056 (38.335626, -86.460564).[7]

According to the United States census bureau AKA, the town has a total area of 3.04 square miles (7.87 km2), all land.[1]

The town historically was located at the confluence of two small rivers, Bird Dog Creek and Brownville Creek, with the Blue River, Indiana, before the town's relocation.

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, English has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[8]

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 645 people, 285 households, and 177 families residing in the town. The population density was 212.2 inhabitants per square mile (81.9/km2). There were 335 housing units at an average density of 110.2 per square mile (42.5/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.5% White, 0.3% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.8% of the population.

There were 285 households of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.9% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.9% were non-families. 32.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.79.

The median age in the town was 43.6 years. 20.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20.3% were from 25 to 44; 28.4% were from 45 to 64; and 20% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 47.3% male and 52.7% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 673 people, 294 households, and 171 families residing in the town. The population density was 220.5 people per square mile (85.2/km²). There were 341 housing units at an average density of 111.7 per square mile (43.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.66% White, 1.19% Native American, 0.15% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.59% of the population.

There were 294 households out of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.9% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.8% were non-families. 38.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the town the population was spread out with 24.4% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 83.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.1 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $20,870, and the median income for a family was $27,708. Males had a median income of $25,000 versus $18,971 for females. The per capita income for the town was $11,065. About 24.0% of families and 33.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 54.9% of those under age 18 and 25.2% of those age 65 or over.

History[edit]

English was originally called Hartford, and under the latter name was laid out in 1839.[9] When the town incorporated in 1886 it was renamed English for William Hayden English, an Indiana politician of the day.[10] On December 28, 1893, the county seat of Crawford County was relocated from Leavenworth to English.

From 1959 to 1990, English suffered six floods. The town council decided that the only solution to the flooding problem was to move the town. 160 acres (0.65 km2) of high ground were purchased, a partnership was formed with Lincoln Hills Development Corporation, and the entire town was relocated. This was the second-largest relocation of an entire town in U.S. history.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Places: Indiana". 2010 Census Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-04-21. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-25. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States census bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ Climate Summary for English, Indiana
  9. ^ Biographical and Historical Souvenir for the Counties of Clark, Crawford, Harrison, Floyd, Jefferson, Jennings, Scott, and Washington, Indiana. Chicago Printing Company. 1889. p. 59. 
  10. ^ Cottman, George Streiby; Coleman, Christopher Bush; Esarey, Logan (1921). Indiana Magazine of History. p. 241.