|Politics of Greece
The English Party (Greek: Αγγλικό Κóμμα) was one of the three informal early Greek parties that dominated the early political history of Modern Greece during the mid-19th century, the other two being the Russian Party and the French Party.
History and party development
The creation and evolution of these Parties was the effect of the interest that the three Great Powers (the United Kingdom, France and Russia) displayed for Greek affairs. As a result, they counted on the hope that Greeks had, that by supporting them those countries would also help the Greek Kingdom to fulfill its expectations for economic progress and territorial expansion.
The establishment of the English Party should probably be considered the action that some leaders of the Greek War of Independence took in June 1825, urged by Prince Alexander Mavrocordatos and Georgios Kountouriotis, to compose a letter, whereby Greece applied for protection to the United Kingdom.
The party lacked support in mainland Greece but was very powerful among the Phanariotes and the wealthy shipowners of the Aegean Islands. During John Capodistria's period it lost much of its influence due to the establishment of the other parties, but regained most of it after the arrival of King Otto, since the political sympathies of the principal Regent, Josef Ludwig von Armansperg, lay with Britain.
Its unquestioned leader was Prince Alexander Mavrocordatos, and the party quickly started to decline in influence after his death in 1855.
Leaders of the party
Since the party was an informal grouping, there was no official leader. Certain factional leaders were important in the history of the party, including
- Koliopoulos, John S.; Veremis, Thanos M. (2010). Modern Greece: A History since 1821. Wiley-Blackwell. p. 35.
- Clogg, Richard (1987). Parties and Elections in Greece: The Search for Legitimacy. C. Hurst & Co. p. 1.
- Clogg, Richard; A Short History of Modern Greece; Cambridge University Press, 1979; ISBN 0-521-32837-3
- John A. Petropulos; Politics and Statecraft in the Kingdom of Greece; Princeton University Press, 1968