English languages

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Anglic
Geographic
distribution:
originally Great Britain (England, Lowland Scotland), now worldwide
Linguistic classification: Indo-European
Proto-language: Old English
Subdivisions:
Glottolog: angl1265[1]

The English languages (also called the Anglic languages[2][3] or Insular Germanic languages[4]) are a group of linguistic varieties including Old English and the languages descended from it.[5] These include Middle English, Early Modern English, and Modern English; Early Scots, Middle Scots, and Modern Scots; and the now extinct Yola and Fingallian in Ireland.

English-based creole languages are not generally included, as only their lexicon, not their linguistic structure, comes from English.

Old English (Northumbrian, Mercian, Kentish, West Saxon)
Early Northern
Middle English
Early Midland & Southeastern
Middle English
Early Southern & Southwestern
Middle English
Early Scots Northern
Middle English
Midland
Middle English
Southeastern
Middle English
Southern
Middle English
Southwestern
Middle English
Middle Scots Northern Early Modern English Midland Early Modern English Metropolitan Early Modern English Southern Early Modern English Southwestern EME, Yola, Fingallian
Modern Scots Northern Modern English East West Modern English Standard Modern English Southern Modern English West Country Modern English

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Anglic". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  2. ^ J. Derrick McClure Scots its range of Uses in A. J. Aitken, Tom McArthur, Languages of Scotland, W. and R. Chambers, 1979. p.27
  3. ^ Thomas Burns McArthur, The English Languages, Cambridge University Press, 1998. p.203
  4. ^ Woolf, Alex (2007). From Pictland to Alba, 789–1070. The New Edinburgh History of Scotland. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. ISBN 978-0-7486-1234-5. , p. 336
  5. ^ "Indo-European, Germanic, West, English". Ethnologue.com. Retrieved 2010-09-10. 

See also[edit]