|Alternative names||Breakfast muffin|
|Place of origin||England|
|Main ingredients||shortening, milk, sugar, yeast, cornmeal|
An English muffin is a small, round, flat (or thin) type of yeast-leavened bread which is commonly sliced horizontally, toasted, and buttered. They are commonly eaten in the English-speaking world.
Muffins are commonly available in the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United States. Outside the United Kingdom they are commonly called English muffins to distinguish them from American muffins, which have a more cake-like crumb and texture. These are called Fairy Cakes in the UK.
English Muffins are most often toasted and then topped with butter and/or jam. English Muffins are also used in breakfast sandwiches with meat (bacon, ham, or sausage), egg (fried, scrambled, poached, or steam-poached), and cheese. They are an essential ingredient in the traditional American brunch dish Eggs Benedict. English Muffins can be purchased in a wide range of varieties, including whole wheat, cinnamon raisin, cranberry, and apple cinnamon, or they can be homemade.
In Germany, English muffins are called Toasties or Toastbrötchen.
Bays Corporation has been making English muffins at their Chicago plant since 1933. Unlike many brands, Bays English Muffins are sold in the refrigerated dairy cases of major grocery stores. All muffins are made to order, and leave the factory within 24 hours of their baking to be shipped across the country in refrigerated trucks.
A historic English recipe, they are available in all British supermarkets, where they are usually sold simply as muffins. As a form of 'enriched bread' they are thought to have been introduced by French Huguenot immigrants such as Sally Lunn; a type of teacake or sweetened muffin. The word itself is thought to be Low German muffen meaning 'little cakes'. In the past, muffins were sold by streethawkers door to door as a snack bread before most houses were provided with ovens in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, giving rise to the traditional song "Do you know the Muffin Man?" As in the US they are the foundation for eggs Florentine and eggs Benedict which commonly feature on UK brunch menus.
- List of breads
- List of British breads
- Muffin – the type of small sized, quick breads in American English
- David, Elizabeth (1977). English Bread and Yeast Cookery. London: Allen Lane. ISBN 0713910267. Contains a discussion on the origins and use of the English muffin.
- Oxford English Dictionary 2nd Ed. (1989)
- "GOLDEN TOAST - Unsere Produkte". Retrieved 5 October 2014.
- Bays English Muffins http://bays.com/. Retrieved 30 May 2015. Missing or empty