In poetry, enjambment or enjambement (pron. injámment) is incomplete syntax at the end of a line; the meaning runs-over from one poetic line to the next, without terminal punctuation. Lines without enjambment are end-stopped.
In reading, the delay of meaning creates a tension that is released when the word or phrase that completes the syntax is encountered (called the rejet); the tension arises from the "mixed message" produced both by the pause of the line-end, and the suggestion to continue provided by the incomplete meaning. In spite of the apparent contradiction between rhyme, which heightens closure, and enjambment, which delays it, the technique is compatible with rhymed verse. Even in couplets, the closed or heroic couplet, was a late development; older is the open couplet, where rhyme and enjambed lines co-exist.
Enjambment has a long history in poetry. Homer uses the technique, and it is the norm for alliterative verse where rhyme is unknown. It was used extensively in England by Elizabethan poets for dramatic and narrative verse, before giving way to closed couplets. The example of John Milton in Paradise Lost laid the foundation for its subsequent use by the Romantics; in its preface he identified it as one of the chief features of his verse: "sense variously drawn out from one verse into another".
- The four eng-
- Wore orange
Another usage is in alluding to taboo words, as in the clapping game "Miss Susie", which uses the break "... Hell / -o operator" to allude to the taboo word "Hell", then replaces it with the innocuous "Hello".
Endymion by Keats uses this chiefly, as lines 2-4 show:
- Its loveliness increases; it will never
- Pass into nothingness; but still will keep
- A bower quiet for us…
- Groves, Peter Lewis. "Run-on Line, Enjambment". The Literary Encyclopedia. Retrieved 1 December 2013.
- Chris Baldick (30 October 2008). The Oxford dictionary of literary terms.. Oxford University Press. pp. 108–. ISBN 978-0-19-920827-2. Retrieved 16 May 2013.
- Preminger 359
- Lederer, Richard (2003). A Man of my Words: Reflections on the English Language. New York: Macmillan. ISBN 0-312-31785-9.
- Preminger, Alex et al. (1993). The New Princeton Encylopedia of Poetry and Poetics. US: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-02123-6.
- John Hollander, Vision and Resonance, Oxford U. Press, 1975 (especially chapter 5).
- Free online explanation with examples
|Look up enjambment in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|