Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis

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Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis
District
Flag of Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis
Flag
Coat of arms of Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis
Coat of arms
North rhine w EN.svg
Country  Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Adm. region Arnsberg
Founded 1 August 1929
Capital Schwelm
Government
 • District admin. Arnim Brux
Area
 • Total 408.44 km2 (157.70 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2013)[1]
 • Total 322,731
 • Density 790/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Vehicle registration EN, WIT
Website www.enkreis.de

The Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis is a district in the center of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is part of the southern Ruhr urban area and has ca. 324,000 inhabitants (2012). The district's seat (capital city) is Schwelm; the largest of its nine towns is Witten.

Geography[edit]

The name of the district describes its geographical location – it is located in the valleys of the rivers Ruhr and Ennepe. Geologically it is part of the north-eastern Rhenish Massif, a Mittelgebirge landscape; only small parts of Witten belong to the flat Westphalian Lowland.

Municipalities[edit]

The district consists of nine municipalities, all entitled "Stadt" (town or city).

Bochum Dortmund Essen Gelsenkirchen Hagen Herne Kreis Mettmann Kreis Unna Märkischer Kreis Oberbergischer Kreis Remscheid Wuppertal Breckerfeld Ennepetal Gevelsberg Hattingen Herdecke Schwelm Sprockhövel Wetter (Ruhr) WittenMunicipalities in EN.svg
About this image
Municipality Area
1. Breckerfeld 58.78 km2 (22.70 sq mi)
2. Ennepetal 57.43 km2 (22.17 sq mi)
3. Gevelsberg 26.29 km2 (10.15 sq mi)
4. Hattingen 71.40 km2 (27.57 sq mi)
5. Herdecke 22.40 km2 (8.65 sq mi)
6. Schwelm 20.50 km2 (7.92 sq mi)
7. Sprockhövel 47.80 km2 (18.46 sq mi)
8. Wetter (Ruhr) 31.47 km2 (12.15 sq mi)
9. Witten 72.37 km2 (27.94 sq mi)
Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis, total 408.44 km2 (157.70 sq mi)

Adjacent cities and districts[edit]

The Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis is bounded by (from the north and clockwise) the district-free cities of Bochum, Dortmund and Hagen, the districts of Märkischer Kreis (with Schalksmühle and Halver) and Oberbergischer Kreis (with Radevormwald), the city of Wuppertal, the district of Mettmann (with Velbert) and the city of Essen.

History[edit]

The Kreishaus (district administration building) in Schwelm

The district was created in 1929 by merging the former district of Schwelm with parts of the former districts of Hattingen and Hagen. In 1970 and 1975 it was modified a bit during the reorganization of the districts in North Rhine-Westphalia; most notable was the inclusion of the previously independent city of Witten in 1975.

Coat of arms[edit]

In the middle of the coat of arms there is the checked red-white bar of the County of Mark, which owned the area in medieval times. The two wavy lines above and below depict the two rivers which gave the district its name, the Ruhr and the Ennepe.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 51°21′N 7°18′E / 51.350°N 7.300°E / 51.350; 7.300