Ennominae

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Ennominae
Ourapteryx sp1.jpg
Ourapteryx sp.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
(unranked): Macrolepidoptera
Superfamily: Geometroidea
Family: Geometridae
Subfamily: Ennominae
(Duponchel, 1845)
Tribes

Abraxini
Angeronini
Apeirini
Apochimini
Azelinini
Baptini
Bistonini (disputed)
Boarmiini
Bupalini (disputed)
Caberini
Campaeini (disputed)
Cheimopteni
Colotoini
Cystidiini
Desertobiini
Ennomini
Erannini (disputed)
Gnophini (Duponchel, 1845) (disputed)
Gonodontini (including Odontoperini)
Lithinini (disputed)
Macariini
Melanolophiini (disputed)
Nacophorini (disputed)
Ourapterygini
Phaseliini (disputed)
Sphacelodini
Theriini (disputed)
Wilemanini
and see text

Ennominae is the largest subfamily of the geometer moth family (Geometridae) with some 9,700 described species in 1,100 genera. They are usually fairly small moth species, though some (such as the Peppered Moth) grow considerably larger. This subfamily has a global distribution. It includes some species that are notorious defoliating pests.

The status of several tribes is debated. For example, the Boarmiini are sometimes massively expanded to include the Bistonini, Bupalini, Erannini, Gnophini, Melanolophini, Phaseliini and Theriini. The Nacophorini and perhaps the Campaeini might need to be merged with the Lithinini, and all three might warrant merging into the Ennomini. The group sometimes separated as Cassymini is tentatively included in the Abraxini here. The Alsophilinae, usually treated as a small subfamily in their own right, might simply be a specialized lineage of Boarmiini. [1]

Selected genera[edit]

Tribe Baptini

Tribe Bupalini

Tribe Caberini

Tribe Campaeini

Tribe Colotoini

Tribe Erannini

Tribe Gnophini

Tribe Gonodontini

Genera incertae sedis[edit]

Numerous genera have hitherto not been definitely assigned to a tribe.[2] These include:

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Holloway (1994), Young (2008)
  2. ^ See references in Savela (2008)

References[edit]