Kuwa during speed trials off Hiroshima, 1918. Note the vast amount of smoke from coal-fired boilers
|Builders:||Maizuru Naval Arsenal
Kure Naval Arsenal
Sasebo Naval Arsenal
Yokosuka Naval Arsenal
|Operators:||Imperial Japanese Navy|
|Preceded by:||Momo class|
|Succeeded by:||Kawakaze class|
|In commission:||1918-02-28 – 1936-04-01|
|Displacement:||850 long tons (860 t) normal,
1,100 long tons (1,100 t) full load
|Length:||83.8 m (275 ft) pp,
85.8 m (281 ft) overall
|Beam:||7.7 m (25 ft)|
|Draught:||2.3 m (7.5 ft)|
|Propulsion:||2-shaft steam turbine, 4 boilers 16,700 ihp (12,500 kW)|
|Speed:||31.5 knots (58.3 km/h)|
|Range:||2,400 nmi (4,400 km; 2,800 mi) at 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph)|
|Armament:||3 × QF 4.7 inch Gun Mk I – IV
2 × 6.5mm machine guns
6 × 53cm torpedoes
The Enoki-class destroyers (榎型駆逐艦 Enokigata kuchikukan?) were a class of six destroyers of the Imperial Japanese Navy. As with the previous Momo class, all were named after trees. As Enoki and Nara were both commissioned on the same day, the class is also referred to as the Nara class.
With most of Japan’s destroyers deployed to the Mediterranean Sea as part of Japan’s contribution to the war effort against Imperial Germany under the Anglo-Japanese Alliance, the Imperial Japanese Navy approached the Diet of Japan for an emergency procurement budget, similar to that awarded during the Russo-Japanese War for the production of the Kamikaze class destroyers. The funding was awarded from the fiscal 1917 budget, but mindful of the fact that the Kamikaze-class destroyers had not actually been completed until after the end of the previous war, the government stipulated that the emergency budget be used up within a six-month period.
With such a limited time frame to use its budget, the Japanese Navy could not afford the time to design a new ship. Therefore, the blueprints for the previous Momo-class destroyers were distributed to each shipyard, with the instructions that identical ships be produced, except with sturdier armor and bow construction. Experience with extended overseas deployment in World War I had taught the Japanese Navy that the construction of its destroyers needed to be reinforced to handle heavy seas. The result was a ship which looked physically almost exactly like the Momo class, but was roughly 15 tons heavier in displacement.
Internally, all six vessels used Brown-Curtis geared steam turbine engines, which could use either heavy fuel oil or coal for propulsion. Armament was identical to the Momo class, with three QF 4.7 inch Gun Mk I – IV guns, pedestal mounted along the centerline of the vessel, front, mid-ship and to the stern and two triple torpedo launchers.
The Enoki-class destroyers served in the very final stages of World War I, where they were deployed mostly in local waters near the Japanese home islands. Enoki and Nara were converted to minesweepers on June 1, 1930. The remaining four vessels were retired on April 1, 1934.
List of Ships
|榎||Enoki||Maizuru Naval Arsenal, Japan||1917-10-01||1918-03-05||1918-04-30||Minesweeper W-10 1930-06-01
|槇||Maki||Sasebo Naval Arsenal, Japan||1917-10-16||1917-12-28||1918-04-07||retired 1934-04-01|
|欅||Keyaki||Sasebo Naval Arsenal, Japan||1917-10-16||1918-01-15||1918-04-20||retired 1934-04-01|
|桑||Kuwa||Kure Naval Arsenal, Japan||1917-11-05||1918-02-23||1918-03-31||retired 1934-04-01|
|椿||Tsubaki||Kure Naval Arsenal, Japan||1917-11-05||1918-02-23||1918-04-30||retired 1935-04-01|
|楢||Nara||Yokosuka Naval Arsenal, Japan||1917-11-08||1918-03-28||1918-04-30||Minesweeper W-9 1930-06-01
- Jentsura, Warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1869–1945
- Evans, Kaigun: Strategy, Tactics, and Technology in the Imperial Japanese Navy.
- Howarth, The Fighting Ships of the Rising Sun
- Globalsecurity.org, IJN Enoki class destroyers
- Nishida, Imperial Japanese Navy
- Nishida, Imperial Japanese Navy
- Evans, David (1979). Kaigun: Strategy, Tactics, and Technology in the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1887–1941. US Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-192-7.
- Howarth, Stephen (1983). The Fighting Ships of the Rising Sun: The Drama of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1895–1945. Atheneum. ISBN 0-689-11402-8.
- Jentsura, Hansgeorg (1976). Warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1869–1945. US Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-893-X.
- Nishida, Hiroshi. "Materials of IJN: Enoki class destroyer". Imperial Japanese Navy.
- "IJN Enoki class destroyers". Globalsecurity.org.
- Media related to Enoki class destroyer at Wikimedia Commons