Enoplognatha ovata

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Enoplognatha ovata
Enoplognatha.ovata.female.jpg
female
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Suborder: Araneomorphae
Family: Theridiidae
Genus: Enoplognatha
Species: E. ovata
Binomial name
Enoplognatha ovata
(Clerck, 1757)

Enoplognatha ovata is a species of spider belonging to the family Theridiidae.

It is native to Europe and has also been introduced to North America. It is notably found in Lithuania.[1]

This spider, reaching a length of 6 mm (excluding legs), has translucent legs and the globular abdomen is extremely variable in colour and pattern: the background colour is white, cream or green and can be marked with a row of dark spots, a broad red stripe or with two red stripes in a v-shape. Despite its small size, this is a formidable predator which can prey on insects many times its size. The female deposits its eggs in a grey sac. This is secreted within a rolled-up leaf fastened with silk and the female guards it until the eggs hatch.

Female Enoplognatha ovate with a red V on a kale plant in a garden in Kirkland, Washington, USA.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The checklist of Lithuanian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Marija Biteniekytė and Vygandas Rėlys, Biologija, 2011, Vol. 57, No. 4, pages 148–158, doi:10.6001/biologija.v57i4.1926
  • Preston-Mafham, Ken (1998). Spiders: Compact Study Guide and Identifier. Angus Books. ISBN 978-1-904594-93-2.