Enpō

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Enpō (延宝?), also Empo, was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō,?, lit. "year name") after Kanbun and before Tenna. This period spanned the years from September 1673 to September 1681.[1] The reigning emperor was Reigen-tennō (霊元天皇?).[2]

Change of era[edit]

  • 1673 Enpō gannen (延宝元年?): The new era of Enpō (meaning "Prolonged Wealth") was created to mark a number of disasters including a great fire in Kyōto. The previous era ended and a new one commenced in Kanbun 14, on the ninth day of the 13th month.

Events of the Enpō era[edit]

  • 1673 (Enpō 1): There was a great fire in Heian-kyō.[3]
  • 1673 (Enpō 1): The foundations for Mitsui financial success began with the opening of a dry good store in Edo.[4]
  • May 10, 1674 (Enpō 2, 5th day of the 4th month): Ingen Ryuki, founder of the Ōbaku sect of Japanese Zen Buddhism, died at Mampuku-ji, a Buddhist temple which Ingen had founded at Uji, near Heian-kyō.[3]
  • 1675 (Enpō 3): A devastating fire burned Heian-kyō.[3]
  • 1675 (Enpō 3): The Bonin Islands (Ogasawara Islands) are explored by shogunate expedition, following up "discovery" of the islands by the Japanese when a ship bound for Edo from Kyūshū is blown off course by a storm in Kanbun 10. The islands are claimed as a territory of Japan.[5]
  • April 7, 1680 (Enpō 8, 8th day of the 3rd month) : Tokugawa Ietsuna, the 4th shogun of the Edo bakufu died; and his named successor, Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, was ready to take his place as the 5th Tokugawa shogun.[3]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric et al. (2005). "Empo" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 176., p. 176., at Google Books
  2. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 414-415.
  3. ^ a b c d Titsingh, p. 414.
  4. ^ Hall, John Whitney. (1970). Japan: From Prehistory to Modern Times, p. 209.
  5. ^ Tanaka, Hiroyuki. (1993). "The Ogasawara Islands in Tokugawa Japan", Kaiji Shi Kenkyuu (Journal of the Maritime History).

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Kanbun
Era or nengō
Enpō

1673–1681
Succeeded by
Tenna