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|History of Japan|
Enpō (延宝?), also Empo, was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō,?, lit. "year name") after Kanbun and before Tenna. This period spanned the years from September 1673 to September 1681. The reigning emperor was Reigen-tennō (霊元天皇?).
Change of era
- 1673 Enpō gannen (延宝元年?): The new era of Enpō (meaning "Prolonged Wealth") was created to mark a number of disasters including a great fire in Kyōto. The previous era ended and a new one commenced in Kanbun 14, on the ninth day of the 13th month.
Events of the Enpō era
- 1673 (Enpō 1): There was a great fire in Heian-kyō.
- 1673 (Enpō 1): The foundations for Mitsui financial success began with the opening of a dry good store in Edo.
- May 10, 1674 (Enpō 2, 5th day of the 4th month): Ingen Ryuki, founder of the Ōbaku sect of Japanese Zen Buddhism, died at Mampuku-ji, a Buddhist temple which Ingen had founded at Uji, near Heian-kyō.
- 1675 (Enpō 3): A devastating fire burned Heian-kyō.
- 1675 (Enpō 3): The Bonin Islands (Ogasawara Islands) are explored by shogunate expedition, following up "discovery" of the islands by the Japanese when a ship bound for Edo from Kyūshū is blown off course by a storm in Kanbun 10. The islands are claimed as a territory of Japan.
- April 7, 1680 (Enpō 8, 8th day of the 3rd month) : Tokugawa Ietsuna, the 4th shogun of the Edo bakufu died; and his named successor, Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, was ready to take his place as the 5th Tokugawa shogun.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric et al. (2005). "Empo" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 176., p. 176., at Google Books
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 414-415.
- Titsingh, p. 414.
- Hall, John Whitney. (1970). Japan: From Prehistory to Modern Times, p. 209.
- Tanaka, Hiroyuki. (1993). "The Ogasawara Islands in Tokugawa Japan", Kaiji Shi Kenkyuu (Journal of the Maritime History).
- Hall, John Whitney. (1970). Japan: From Prehistory to Modern Times in Delacorte World History, Vol. XX. New York: Delacorte Press. ISBN 0-297-00237-6
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 10-ISBN 0-674-01753-6; 13-ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
- Screech, Timon. (2006). Secret Memoirs of the Shoguns: Isaac Titsingh and Japan, 1779-1822. London: RoutledgeCurzon. 10-ISBN 0-203-09985-0, 13-ISBN 978-0-203-09985-8; OCLC 65177072
- Tanaka, Hiroyuki. (1993). "The Ogasawara Islands in Tokugawa Japan", Kaiji Shi Kenkyuu (Journal of the Maritime History). No. 50, June, 1993, Tokyo: The Japan Society of the History of Maritime.... Click link to digitized, full-text copy of this monograph (in English)
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Odai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691.
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
|Era or nengō