Les Enragés (literally "the Enraged Ones") were a loose amalgam of radicals active during the French Revolution. Politically they stood to the left of the Jacobins. Represented by Jacques Roux, Théophile Leclerc, Jean Varlet and others, they believed that liberty for all meant more than mere constitutional rights. Roux once said that "liberty is no more than an empty shell when one class is allowed to condemn another to starvation and no measures taken against them".
The demands of the enragés included the following:
- Price controls on grain
- The assignat as the only legal tender
- Repression of counterrevolutionary activity
- A progressive income tax
They were supported by the sans-culottes. To the left of the Montagnards, the enragés were fought against by Maximilien de Robespierre and reemerged as the group of Hébertistes. Their ideas were taken up and developed by Babeuf and his associates.
Another group styling itself les enragés emerged in France in 1968 among students at Nanterre University. They were heavily influenced by the Situationists and would go on to be one of the leading groups in the May 1968 French insurrection.
- *Viénet, René (1992). Enragés and Situationists in the Occupation Movement, France, May '68, New York: Automedia. ISBN 0-936756-79-9; London: Rebel Press. ISBN 0-946061-05-X.
- Furet, Francois, and Mona Ozouf, eds. A Critical Dictionary of the French Revolution (1989) pp 337-42
- Guérin, Daniel (1977). Class Struggle in the First French Republic: Bourgeois and Bras-nus, 1793-1795, London: Pluto Press. ISBN 0-904383-30-X.
- Rose, Robert Barrie. The Enragés: Socialists of the french revolution? (Melbourne University Press, 1965)