Enrico Macias

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Enrique Macias
Enrico Macias in Tel Aviv.jpg
Enrico Macias in Tel Aviv 2011
Background information
Birth name Gaston Ghrenassia
Born (1938-12-11) 11 December 1938 (age 75)
Constantine
Origin French Algeria
Genres Chanson
Occupations Composer, singer, songwriter
Instruments Guitar
Website Enrico Macias Official Website

Gaston Ghrenassia (born 11 December 1938 in Constantine, then in French Algeria), known by his stage name Enrico Macias French pronunciation: ​[ɛn.ʁi.ko.ma'sjas], is a French Pied noir singer and musician. He is popular throughout the world and has travelled extensively for fifty years, from the early 1960s to the present.

Early years[edit]

He was born to an Algerian Jewish family in Constantine, Algeria, and played the guitar from childhood. His father, Sylvain Ghrenassia (1914–2004),[1] was a violinist in an orchestra that played primarily maalouf, Andalo-Arabic music. Gaston started playing with the Cheikh Raymond Leyris Orchestra at age 15.[2]

He pursued a career as a school teacher, but continued practicing the guitar. In 1961, the Algerian War of Independence was raging, and the situation became untenable for the Jewish and European residents of Constantine. Of immense effect on Gaston Ghrenassia was the assassination in 1961 of his father-in-law and musician Cheikh Raymond Leyris by the National Liberation Front (FLN), which appears to have been due to his opposition to the independence of Algeria from France.[3] Gaston left Algeria with his wife, Suzy, on 29 July 1961, eleven months before the end of the Algerian War of Independence, and went into exile in mainland France. He has not been permitted to return to Algeria ever since.[4]

Career[edit]

First living in Argenteuil, he eventually moved to Paris, where he decided to pursue a career in music. At first he tried translating into French the maalouf numbers which he already knew. Later on, he developed a new French repertoire that he performed in cafés and cabarets. He remained, though, a popular interpreter of Arab-Andalusian music and Judeo-Arab songs in France.

He adopted the name Enrico Macias. Enrico comes from him being called "petit Enrico" when he joined Cheikh Raymond's orchestra. Macias comes through an error of the record label with which he eventually signed. When asked about his family name on the phone he said "Nassia" (Ghrenassia), but the receptionist misheard the name and wrote Macias. Thus the name Enrico Macias.

He made his first recording in 1962 after a meeting with Raymond Bernard of Pathé. The result was the recording of "Adieu mon pays" which he had composed for his beloved Algeria on the boat on his way to France. He appeared on French television and became an overnight sensation. This led to a first tour in 1963 as a second act with Paola and Billy Bridge. His daughter, Jocya, was also born that year.

In spring 1964, he performed in the first half of the Les Compagnons de la chanson show at the Paris Olympia and then undertook a successful tour of the Middle East, performing with great success in Israel, Greece and Turkey, especially in the latter where he still has a huge following today. In Turkey, many of his songs were translated and interpreted by Turkish artists.[5] In 1965, he was awarded the Prix Vincent Scotto, and the following year he sang before 120,000 people at the Dinamo Stadium in Moscow, performing concerts in more than 40 other Soviet cities. He also toured Japan, where he was impressively successful. He recorded titles in Spanish and Italian and was popular in both countries.

His American debut, at a sold-out Carnegie Hall, took place on 17 February 1968. He continued to tour the United States, singing in Chicago, Dallas and Los Angeles. In Canada and Quebec, he was warmly welcomed as a francophone artist.

In 1971, he returned to the Paris Olympia, then went to the Royal Albert Hall in London, and back to Japan, Canada, Italy and Spain. A second US tour culminated in a concert at Carnegie Hall in 1972. In 1974, he gave ten shows at the Uris Theater on Broadway, and also at the Olympia for the sixth time since his debut.

He toured France and went twice to Israel in 1976 and 1978. He was invited to Egypt by the Egyptian President Anwar El Sadat to sing for peace. This came after Macias having been banned from Arab countries for many years, despite keeping his popularity with Arab and ethnic audiences in the Middle East and North Africa. In Egypt, he sang in front of 20,000 people at the foot of the Pyramids. After Sadat's assassination, he wrote a song dedicated to the late president entitled "Un berger vient de tomber".

In 1988, he had a big hit with "Zingarella", particularly in Israel and Turkey upon his tour in both countries in addition to South Korea.

In April 1992, he tried acting in a play adapted from English, called Quelle nuit. He also had a role as a local judge in the French TV film Monsieur Molina.

Enrico Macias lost much money through dubious financial services offered by the Luxembourg subsidiary of an Icelandic bank, now under investigation. He is currently trying to recover it. This may be one of the reasons why he came out of retirement.[citation needed]

Albums and singles[edit]

Of great popularity were his 1960s Oriental-influenced songs like "J’ai quitté mon pays", "Les filles de mon pays", "L'Orientale", "Entre l'orient et l'occident" and tribute songs like "Le violon de mon père" (to his father), and "Mon chanteur préferé" (a tribute to his father-in-law Cheikh Raymond).

He was also popular with the French interpretation of "'Oh guitare, guitare" and the Spanish versions of "El Porompompero" and "Solenzara".

Big French hits include "Paris, tu m'as pris dans tes bras", "La femme de mon ami", "Non je n'ai pas oublié", "La France de mon enfance", "Les gens du nord" and "Les filles de mon pays".

He has sung in many languages including French, Italian, Spanish, Hebrew, Turkish, Greek, English, Armenian, Arabic and many of its dialects, and recently in Yiddish.

Achievements[edit]

  • In 1965 he was awarded the Prix Vincent Scotto.
  • He received a gold disc in 1976 for "Mélisa".
  • He was named Singer of Peace by UN Secretary-General Kurt Waldheim in 1980 after he donated the proceeds of his single "Malheur à celui qui blesse un enfant" to the Unicef
  • In 1997, Kofi Annan named him Roving Ambassador for Peace and the Defence of Children.

Collaborations[edit]

He has collaborated with tens of artists, and his songs have been interpreted in many languages.

  • He sang "Melisa", "Je t'apprendrai l'amour", "Un grand amour" and "On s'embrasse et on oublie" as a duet with internationally famous Turkish singer Ajda Pekkan and they released a live album called "A L'Olympia" together in 1976.
  • In 1991, he had a duet with Ginni Gallan entitled "Un amour, une amie".
  • In 2003, he sang "Koum Tara" with Cheb Mami featured in the latter's album Du Sud au Nord and again a live version, this time on Cheb Mami's 2004 album Live au Grand Rex"'
  • In Turkey, many artists have interpreted his songs with Turkish lyrics including Ajda Pekkan, Başar Tamer, Berkant, Engin Evin, Ferdi Özbeğen, Gökben, Gönül Yazar, Hümeyra, İhsan Kayral, Juanito, Kamuran Akkor, Mavi Çocuklar, Nilüfer, Ömür Göksel, Selçuk Ural, Semiramis Pekkan, Seyyal Taner, Sezer Güvenirgil, Sibel Egemen, Tanju Okan, Yeliz

Controversies[edit]

His decision to try to play concerts in Algeria resulted in huge controversy. After the cancellation of a proposed tour in Algeria in 2000, he wrote a book Mon Algérie (Editions Plon in October 2001) marketed as a "veritable love story between one man and his homeland".

On 14 February 2007, he announced his support of Nicolas Sarkozy for the French presidential elections. He confirmed his political convictions of the political left, but said he could not support the Socialist candidate Ségolène Royal, although he would have supported Laurent Fabius or Dominique Strauss-Kahn if they had been the candidates.

He attempted again unsuccessfully to visit Algeria in November 2007 accompanying French president Nicolas Sarkozy, but was faced with fierce resistance from several Algerian organizations and individuals, including Algerian Prime Minister Abdelaziz Belkhadem, due to his support of Israel. He has never been permitted to return to Algeria since he left in 1961.[6][7]

Personal life[edit]

Enrico is a widower, his wife Suzy Leyris died on the 23 December 2008. His 1993 album Suzy is dedicated to her.

His son, Jean-Claude Ghrenassia, is a well-known music producer as well. In October of 2013, he legally changed his name to Enrique Macias.

Discography[edit]

Albums[edit]

Charts
Year Album Peak positions Certification Notes
BEL
Wa

FR
[8]
2003 Orange amères 31 Produced by his son, Jean-Claude Ghrenassia)
2005 Chanter 108
2006 La vie populaire 30
2006 Voyage d'une mélodie 77 44 Multilingual album in French, Spanish, Tamazight (Berber language), Arabic, Hebrew and Yiddish
2012 Venez tous mes amis! 75 39 Famous Macias songs in new arrangements and duo collaborations

Studio albums[edit]

  • 1983: Deux ailes et trois plumes
  • 1984: Générosité
  • 1987: Enrico
  • 1989: Le vent du sud
  • 1991: Enrico
  • 1992: Mon chanteur préferé
  • 1993: Suzy
  • 1994: La France de mon enfance
  • 1995: Et Johnny Chante L'amour
  • 1999: Aie Aie Aie Je T'Aime
  • 1999: Hommage à Cheikh Raymond
  • 2003: Oranges amères
  • 2005: Chanter
  • 2006: La Vie populaire
  • 2011: Voyage d'une mélodie
  • 2012: Venez tous mes amis!

Live albums / compilations[edit]

  • 1989: Olympia 89
  • 1990: Disque d'Or
  • 1992: Le plus grand bonheur du monde
  • 1996: La Fête à l'Olympia
  • 2003: Les Indispensables de Enrico Macias
  • 2003: Concerts Musicorama
  • 2006: Olympia 2003
  • 2006: Les Concerts Exclusifs Europe
  • 2008: Platinum Collection

Singles[edit]

(Macias singles in alphabetical order)

  • J'aime Ahmed EL Massry :2001
  • Ami, dis lui (1965)
  • L'ami fidèle (1965)
  • L'amour c'est pour rien (1964)
  • Au cœur de la Camargue (1963)
  • Aux talons de ses souliers
  • L'amour n'est jamais fini
  • A Suzy
  • Au nom des droits de l'homme
  • Ami dis-lui
  • Après moi
  • Avec les pins du bord de l'eau
  • Aux quatre coins du monde
  • Aime-moi je t'aime
  • Aie aie aie
  • A ceux qui m'ont béni
  • Un berger vient de tomber
  • Bresil
  • Beyrouth
  • Chanter (1966)
  • Chiquita (1962)
  • Constantine (1962)
  • Come on bye bye
  • C'est ça l'amour
  • C'est une femme
  • Chanson pour l'Auvergnat
  • C'est vrai
  • C'était le bon temps
  • Chanter
  • Compagnon disparu
  • Constantina
  • Deux ailes et trois plumes
  • Deux femmes a Dublin
  • Enfants de tous pays (1962)
  • Est-il un ennemi (1965)
  • Enfant de mon enfant
  • Entre l'orient et l'occident
  • El Porompompero
  • La femme de mon ami (1962)
  • Les filles de mon pays (1965)
  • La France de mon enfance
  • Les gens du nord (1967)
  • J'ai peur (1967)
  • J'appelle le soleil (1966)
  • J'en ai plein mon cœur des souvenirs (1966)
  • Je t'aimerai pour deux (1966)
  • J'ai quitté mon pays
  • Jamais Deux Sans Toi
  • Je Vois Sur Ton Visage
  • La lavande (1967)
  • Luther King
  • Le violon de mon père
  • Le fusil rouillé
  • Ma maison, ma maison (1962)
  • Ma patrie (1964)
  • Ma raison de vivre (1964)
  • Malheur à celui qui blesse un enfant
    (Enrico Macias & Jacques Demarny) (1975)
  • Maya (1964)
  • Le mendiant de l'amour (1981)
  • Mon ami mon frère (1963)
  • Mon cœur d'attache (1966)
  • Mon chanteur préféré (1986)
  • Les millionnaires du dimanche
  • Mélisa
  • Ne doute plus de moi (1964)
  • Non je n'ai pas oublié (1966)
  • Notre place au soleil (1965)
  • Noël à Jérusalem (1967)
  • N'oublie jamais d'ou tu viens
  • Oh guitare, guitare (1962)
  • L'Oriental (1962)
  • Où est donc la vérité (1966)
  • Ouvre ta main et donne (1963)
  • Omparere (1975)
  • Ouvre-moi la porte (1980)
  • Orange améres (2001)
  • Par ton premier baiser (1962)
  • Paris s'allume (1969)
  • Paris tu m'as pris dans tes bras (1964)
  • La part du pauvre (1966)
  • Les pins du bord de l'eau (1964)
  • El porompero (1963)
  • Pour ton marriage (sung with her daughter)
  • POÏ POÏ (1963)
  • Quand les femmes dansent (2001)
  • Quand les hommes vivront d'amour
    (at Olympia in 1989 with Les Petits Chanteurs d'Asnières
  • Qum Tara with Cheb Mami
  • Sans voir le jour (1965)
  • S'il fallait tout donner (1964)
  • Sois fidèle à ton amour (1974) with Ilanit
  • Solenzara (1967)
  • Souviens-toi des noëls de là-bas (1963)
  • Sous le ciel de Paris (2005)
  • Un amour, une amie (1990) with Ginni Gallan
  • Un soir d'été (1963)
  • Vagabonds sans rivage (1962)
  • Va-t'en (1962)
  • La vie populaire (2005)
  • Vieille terre (1965)
  • Vous les femmes (1965)
  • Le Voyage (2001)
  • Le vent du sud (1989)
  • Les yeux de l'amour (1967)
Featured in
Year Single Peak positions Certification Album
FR
[8]
2003 "L'hymne à l'amour"
(Aznavour, Boulay, Eicher, Biolay, Macias, Maurane, Foly, Fontaine, Mami, Leroy, Pagny & Badi)
50

Filmography[edit]

  • 1965: L'Esbrouffe or Déclic et des claques directed by Philippe Clair - as himself
  • 1978: Mamma Rosa ou La farce du destin directed by Raoul Sangla (TV mini-series)
  • 2001: La Vérité si je mens! 2 directed by Thomas Gilou - as Maurice Boudboul
  • 2003: Les clés de bagnole directed by Laurent Baffie - as a comedian
  • 2005: Monsieur Molina directed by Thierry Binisti - as judge (TV series)
  • 2006: Un ticket pour l'éspace' directed by Eric Lartigau - Enrico (voice)
  • 2009: Coco directed by Gad Elmaleh as designer
  • 2011: Bienvenue à bord directed by Eric Lavaine - as himself
  • 2012: La Vérité si je mens! 3 by Thomas Gilou - as Maurice Boudboul
  • 2012: Scènes de ménages: ce soir, ils reçoivent - as a priest (TV series)
Soundtracks
  • 1967: Le parapluie des vedettes (TV movie) - singing "Les millionnaires du dimanche"
  • 1994: Ha-Perah Be-Gani (documentary) - writing the music for "Marlène"
  • 1994: Mina Tannenbaum - "Les filles de mon pays" (composer)
  • 1998: A Soldier's Daughter Never Cries - writing and performing "Mon coeur d'attache"
  • 2010: Axis of Evil (short film) - singing "J'ai quitté mon pays"
  • 2011: Le Chat du rabbin - singing "Qu'elle ne se marie pas"
  • 2011: Bachelor Days Are Over - writing and performing "Reste-moi fidèle"
  • 2011: Bienvenue à bord - performing "Le mendiant de l'amour", "Les filles de mon pays", "Enfants de tous pays" and "Tu es le soleil de ma vie"
Documentaries
  • 1966: Paris aktuell - as himself
  • 2001: Tutti frutti - as himself
  • 2003: Guerre d'Algérie: la mémoire retrouvée? - as himself
  • 2003: Ombre et lumière - as himself
  • 2005: Graffiti 60 - as himself
  • 2005: Mamy Scopitone - L'âge d'or du clip - as himself (also archive footage)

Bibliography[edit]

  • Martin Monestier, Enrico Macias, l'enfant de tous pays, 1980
  • Enrico Macias et Jacques Demarny, Non, je n’ai pas oublié, 1982
  • Enrico Macias avec Françoise Assouline Mon Algérie, 2001
  • Enrico Macia et Cheb Mami Koum Tara Live Au Grand Rex, 2004
  • Gérard Calmettes, Rien que du bleu, 2005
  • Musicien de cœur, préfacé par Jacques Leyris, Éditions Horizon, 2005
  • Armand Carval, Enrico Macias, Un homme libre pour la Paix (180 Pages), 2008
  • Armand Carval, Enrico Macias, Le Chanteur de la Paix (200 pages), 2009
  • Armand Carval, Enrico Macias, Le Chanteur de la Paix (180 pages), Second edition, 2010
  • Idir et Enrico Macias Cnu ay afṛux (Achenu Aya Frukh) (le duo berbère Kabylie), 2011

References[edit]

External links[edit]