Enrique Fuentes Quintana

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Enrique Fuentes Quintana
Deputy Prime Minister
In office
1977 – 22 February 1979
Prime Minister Adolfo Suárez
Succeeded by Fernando Abril Martorell
Personal details
Born 13 December 1924
Carrion de los Condes, Palencia Province
Died 6 June 2007(2007-06-06) (aged 82)
Madrid
Nationality Spanish
Alma mater Complutense University of Madrid

Enrique Fuentes Quintana (13 December 1924 – 7 June 2007) was a significant Spanish economist, academic and politician, who served as deputy prime minister of Spain between 1977 and 1979 in the first cabinet after the Franco regime.

Early life and education[edit]

Quintana was born in Carrion de los Condes, Palencia province, on 13 December 1924.[1][2] His family were mostly jurists and farmers.[3] He held a bachelor's degree in law (1948) and a PhD in political science and economics (1956), both of which he received from the University of Complutense in Madrid.[1]

Career[edit]

Quintana taught economics at different universities, namely the University of Valladolid (1956 – 1958), the University of Complutense in Madrid (1958 – 1978) and at the National University of Distance Education (UNED) (1978 – 1990).[1][4] He was one of the economists credited with the success of Spanish economy in the 1960s.[4] He served as the head of the research department at the ministry of finance.[5] He was also the editor of the reformist monthly Información Comercial Española.[5] In 1969, he became the director of the institute for fiscal studies.[6] He served as the president of the Bank of Spain.[4]

He was appointed deputy prime minister for economy to the cabinet led by prime minister Adolfo Suárez in 1977.[7] Quintana developed a rationalization programme in 1977 which constituted the basis for Spain to have an opportunity to be granted EEC membership.[8] He was in office until 22 February 1979 when he resigned from office due to his marginalization in the cabinet.[9] Quintana tried to follow the promises of the structural reforms in economy which were included in the Moncloa Pacts.[10] These reforms required to reduce the production of steel and to nationalize the production of electricity among the others.[9] However, Quintana's initiatives were not backed by conservatives supporting the cabinet, leading to his resignation.[9] Fernando Abril Martorell succeeded him as deputy prime minister.[9] Quintana's resignation was one of the reasons for the cabinet to adopt much more right-wing policies.[10] After leaving office Quintana returned to teaching post and became emeritus professor at UNED.[10]

Death[edit]

Quintana died of alzheimer disease at the age of 82 in Madrid on 6 June 2007.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Muere Enrique Fuentes Quintana, figura clave de la Transición". El Mundo (in Spanish) (Madrid). 7 June 2007. Retrieved 27 April 2013. 
  2. ^ "Enrique Fuentes Quintana". Munzinger. Retrieved 27 April 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "El mundo económico despide con elogios a Enrique Fuentes Quintana". El Diario (in Spanish). 8 June 2007. Retrieved 27 April 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c Omar G. Encarnación (15 July 2008). Spanish Politics: Democracy After Dictatorship. Polity. p. 120. ISBN 978-0-7456-3993-2. Retrieved 27 April 2013. 
  5. ^ a b Christian Leitz; David J. Dunthorn (1999). Spain in an International Context, 1936-1959. New York: Berghahn Books. p. 316. Retrieved 2 September 2013.   – via Questia (subscription required)
  6. ^ Comin, Francisco (January 2006). "Reaching a political consensus for tax reform in Spain". International Studies Program. Working Papers. Retrieved 27 April 2013. 
  7. ^ Harrison, Joseph (October 2006). "Economic crisis and democratic consolidation in Spain, 1973-82". Working Papers in Economic History. Retrieved 27 April 2013. 
  8. ^ Andrew Graham; Anthony Seldon (1991). Government and Economies in the Postwar World: Economic Policies and Comparative Performance, 1945-85. London: Routledge. Retrieved 2 September 2013.  – via Questia (subscription required)
  9. ^ a b c d Paul Preston (1990). The Triumph of Democracy in Spain. London: Routledge. p. 140. Retrieved 2 September 2013.   – via Questia (subscription required)
  10. ^ a b c Eamonn Rodgers; Valerie Rodgers (1999). Encyclopedia of Contemporary Spanish Culture. London: Routledge. p. 209. Retrieved 2 September 2013.   – via Questia (subscription required)