Enrique Martinez Celaya
|Enrique Martínez Celaya|
|Born||9 June 1964
|Field||Painting, Sculpture, Photography, Poetry, Writing|
|Training||University of California, Santa Barbara, Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture, University of California, Berkeley, Cornell University|
|Awards||Anderson Ranch National Artist Award, California Community Foundation Fellowship, J. Paul Getty Trust Fund for the Visual Arts, Los Angeles County Museum of Art – Art Here and Now Award, The Hirsch Grant|
Enrique Martínez Celaya (born 9 June 1964) is a Cuban American artist whose work consists of paintings, sculpture, photography, poetry, and prose presented in contexts he calls Environments. His artistic project pushes the boundaries and limits of art, literature, philosophy, and religion. Martínez Celaya uses the human figure in the landscape as a means to explore the nature of human experience and the search for meaning, which dwells in the transient world of time and memory, identity and displacement. Enrique Martinez Celaya is represented in Europe by Galeria Joan Prats (Barcelona) and Gallery Arndt Berlin (Berlin); in the United Kingdom by Simon Lee Gallery (London); in Asia/South Pacific by Liverpool Gallery (Sydney, Australia); and in the United States by L.A. Louver (Venice, California) and Baldwin Gallery (Aspen).
Life and art
Early life and work
Enrique Martínez Celaya was born in Palos, Cuba on June 9, 1964. He was uprooted at age eight to move with his family to Spain. Three years later, his family moved to Puerto Rico, where he was apprenticed to painter Bartolomé Mayol. His childhood experience of exile plays a formative role in his artistic practice.
Martínez Celaya came to the United States in 1982 as a physics student. He received a BS in applied physics from Cornell University in 1986 and pursued doctoral work in quantum electronics at the University of California, Berkeley in 1989. He built a laser, received prizes from the Department of Energy and the National Congress of Science, achieved recognition and patents for his work at Brookhaven National Laboratory and the Electronics Research Laboratory in Berkeley. While pursuing his research on lasers and laser delivery systems he continued to paint and write . On the verge of completing his doctorate in physics, Martínez Celaya abandoned his studies to pursue painting as a career, earning an MFA with honors from the University of California, Santa Barbara. He received a fellowship to attend the Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture in Maine.
Martínez Celaya uses simple imagery heavy with symbolism, such as the solitary human figure in the landscape, birds, deer, rainbows, dogs, and apples heavy with snow. Despite these representational images, his work resists narrative and moves towards the iconic. It draws from the prose of Jorge Luis Borges, Herman Melville, and Lev Tolstoy; the poetry of Paul Celan, Osip Mandelstam, Harry Martinson, and José Saramago; the philosophy of Schopenhauer, Martin Heidegger, Hegel, and Ludwig Wittgenstein; the paintings of Velasquez, Caspar David Friedrich, and Ferdinand Hodler; Kurt Schwitters's Hanover Merzbau; the social practice of Joseph Beuys and Paulo Freire; the films of Andrei Tarkovsky; and the music of Bach.
Cowboy Junkies: The Nomad Series: The most recent iteration of an intimate and unique collaboration between the Canadian band Cowboy Junkies and Enrique Martínez Celaya consists of a four-volume album project inspired by Nomad, a series of paintings on view at the Miami Art Museum in 2007. The first two albums, Renmin Park and Demons, have been released to critical acclaim.
Enrique Martínez Celaya: Collected Writings & Interviews, 1990-2010 (University of Nebraska Press, 2010): A collection of over sixty texts, from interviews and artist statements to blog posts, correspondence, and formal lectures that span two decades and reveal the important role that writing plays in Martínez Celaya's artistic practice.
The Crossing, The Cathedral Church of Saint John the Divine, New York (1 October-27 November 2010): A series of four monumental paintings made especially for and in response to the nave of the Cathedral that tests art's metaphysical and ethical potential.
Daybreak, L.A. Louver, Venice, California (20 November 2008-3 January 2009): The environment consists of thirteen paintings and two sculptures that use the relationship of the solitary human figure to the vast and stark landscape to reflect on the nature and structure of experience, recollection, and aspiration.
Nomad, Miami Art Museum, Miami, Florida (2007): The exhibition consisted of five large-scale, oil-and-wax paintings, which explores issues of exile and rootlessness through the seasons. Inspired by the works of Swedish poet and Nobel Prize laureate Harry Martinson, the paintings evoke a dream-like state of suspension in which the exile lives: time passes and yet nothing changes.
Coming Home, the Sheldon Museum of Art, University of Nebraska-Lincoln (2006): A re-installation and re-interpretation of Coming Home (2000), a sculptural group that consists of a boy and a gigantic deer, which was donated to the museum by well-known German collector Dieter Rosenkranz in honor of the University of Nebraska's commitment to Martínez Celaya's work. The sculpture group was presented within an ambitious photographic environment.
Schneebett, Berliner Philharmonie in Berlin, Germany (2004): The final stage in the artist’s Beethoven cycle, this large-scale installation uses Beethoven's deathbed as a means to reflect on the integrity of life decisions in confrontation with the finality of death. The project also included performances by the orchestra and a public lecture sponsored by the American Academy in Berlin. The installation was recreated as the inaugural exhibition for the Rosenkranz Kubus at the Museum der bildenden Künste Leipzig, Germany (2006). With its focus on human frailty, it served as a counterpoint to Max Klinger's sculpture of Beethoven as a nationalist hero which is on view nearby.
Martínez Celaya's work is in the permanent collections of The Contemporary Museum, Honolulu, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Whitney Museum of American Art, the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, the Museum of Contemporary Art (Los Angeles), the Sheldon Museum of Art (Lincoln, Nebraska), Denver Art Museum, Miami Art Museum, the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, and the Museum der bildenden Künste Leipzig, Germany, among many others. His studio is located in the Wynwood Arts District, Miami, Florida.
Martínez Celaya founded Whale and Star in 1998, a publishing house that specializes in art and art's relationship to other intellectual and creative fields, especially literature and philosophy. The University of Nebraska Press serves as Whale and Star's primary distributor. Recent titles include:
- Intimations: Selected Poems by Anna Akhmatova (2009). Collection of Anna Akhmatova's poetry in English translation, translated by James E. Falen and edited by Kevin M.F. Platt.
- The Blog: Bad Time for Poetry (2009). Compilation of Enrique Martínez Celaya's blog, Bad Time for Poetry which began on August 24, 2007 and ended on May 25, 2009.
- Modernist Archaist (2008). Collection of Osip Mandelstam's poetry in English translation, edited by Kevin M.F. Platt.
- The Conversations (2007). Interviews with sixteen contemporary artists by Richard Whittaker, publisher and editor of the magazine works + conversations.
- Martínez Celaya. Early Work (2006). The book explores the development of the artist's work.
- XX, a book of lyrics and photographs of the Cowboy Junkies, which also includes a suite of watercolors produced by the artist (2006).
- Guide, (2002). Published in collaboration with Griffin Editions and Mark Hasencamp. Artist book. Text and Photographs by Enrique Martínez Celaya.
- Sketches of Landscapes(2002). Edited with commentaries by Enrique Martínez Celaya. Formulated as an introductory book, it includes original texts of seminal works on the philosophy of art as well as selections of influential critical writings of the nineteenth and twentieth century.
- Selections from Les Fleurs du Mal (2001). The artist assembled for the first time in an English publication poems selected from "Les Fleurs du Mal" and the full portfolio of 9 etchings from Odilon Redon's Les Fleurs du Mal, published by Henri Fleury, Paris, France, 1923.
- Joseph Beuys, Multiples and Other Forms of Politics (2001). Text by Beatrice Foessel and Johannes Stuettgen. Working with German scholars, the artist published a small and accessible catalog with the goal of further expanding the understanding of Beuys among American audiences.
Martínez Celaya also created the watercolors for a children's book "The Return of the Storks" written by Lorie Karnath and published through Akira Ikeda Gallery in Berlin.
Martínez Celaya was awarded the Brookhaven National Laboratory Fellowship (1986–1988), Interdisciplinary Humanities Fellow and Regents Fellow from the University of California (1992–94). He received Los Angeles County Museum of Art's Art Here and Now Award (1998), the Hirsch Grant (2002), the Rosa Blanca Award from the Cuban Community (2002), and the California Community Foundation Fellowship, Getty Foundation Award (2004). He was honored with the Inaugural Colorado Contemporary Arts Collaborative Artist Residency at the CU Art Museum sponsored by Kent and Vicki Logan (2004). And he also received the Anderson Ranch Arts Center 2007 National Artist Award (2006).
In 1994, Martínez Celaya was appointed Assistant Professor of Painting at Pomona College and the Claremont Graduate University, where he taught until 2003, when he resigned his tenured position of Associate Professor. He continues to be a popular and influential teacher throughout the country. He is currently a faculty member at the well-known Anderson Ranch Arts Center, Snowmass Village, Colorado. He was also appointed Visiting Presidential Professor at the University of Nebraska (2007–2010), where he is developing interdisciplinary conversations between artistic, religious, scientific, philosophical, and literary practice. In addition to these appointments, Martínez Celaya has lectured at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, Joslyn Museum of Art (Omaha, Nebraska), Miami Art Museum, Denver Art Museum, Hope Center (Richmond, Virginia), and the Berliner Philharmonie and the American Academy in Berlin.
"Being ethical away from the world is easier than in the world. I think some people see the path of abstraction as pure, uncompromised, but it could just be avoidance; artists who insist on removing their work from human struggles take a tidy path, which seems especially wasteful for those whose lives are in turmoil and confusion."
"Time is an insurmountable gap only negotiated through memory, remembrance, regret, longing, love. I think we are rarely blessed with the ability to see the present for what it is—all that there is."
"Today, to claim any significance or meaning, even if only to ourselves, is to flirt with ridicule."
"What I have tried to do with my works is to observe--poorly, but better than I would've without art--who I am, who others are, and what the world is."
"Authenticity involves living with the anxiety of death and creates responsibility for Being; certainly the end means we are accountable in life. Or perhaps more concretely: we are accountable at every moment. The final judgment, so apparent in the bed-of-death, is not just at the end, but is always upon us--and every moment, our last."
- Sokol, Brett. “Divine Aspiration.” Ocean Drive, September 2010: 122;124.
- Batet, Janet. “Enrique Martínez Celaya.” ArtNexus, No. 76, Vol. 9, 2010: 105.
- Ollman, Leah. “Enrique Martínez Celaya.” Art in America, Exhibition Reviews, March 2009: 153.
- Finkel, Jori. "Layers of Devotion (and the Scars to Prove It)," The New York Times, Arts & Leisure, 23 Nov.: 30 AR.
- All the Field is Ours. Santa Monica, Calif.: Griffin Contemporary, 2003. Text by Thomas McEvilley.
- Jensen, Jay, ed. Enrique Martínez Celaya 1992-2000. Cologne, Germany: Winand, 2001. Text by Abigail Solomon-Godeau, Charles Merewether, and Howard Fox.
- Martínez Celaya. Early Work Delray Beach, Florida: Whale and Star, 2006. Text by Daniel A. Siedell, Thomas McEvilley, Christian Williams, Enrique Martínez Celaya, and John Felstiner.
- Martínez Celaya, Enrique.Berlin, Venice Beach, CA, Griffin Contemporary Exhibitions, 1998.
- Martínez Celaya, Enrique. A Dress and a Dove for Her Marriage of Fire and Four Blankets to Keep Her from Burning, Santa Ana, CA : Daniel Arvizu Gallery, 1996.
- Martínez Celaya, Enrique. Enrique Martínez Celaya, Paintings from 1994 and 1995, Santa Monica, Calif, Dorothy Goldeen Gallery, 1995.
- Martínez Celaya, Enrique. Enrique Martínez Celaya, The October Cycle, 2000-2002, Lincoln, NE, Sheldon Memorial Art Gallery and Sculpture Garden in association with Marquand Books, 2003. Text by Martínez Celaya and Daniel A. Siedell.
- Nomad. Delray Beach, Florida: Whale and Star and the Miami Art Museum, 2007. Text by Peter Boswell.
- Ollman, Leah. "In a Silent Season," Art in America (May 2003): 132-33.
- OPEN ev+a 2007—a sense of place. Oysterhaven, Kinsale, Co Cork, Ireland: Gandon Editions, 2007. Text by Klaus Ottmann.
- Poetry in Process. Boulder, Colorado: CU Art Museum, 2004. Text by Lisa Tamiris-Becker.
- Siedell, Daniel A. "Enrique Martínez Celaya's Thing and Deception: The Artistic Practice of Belief," Religion and the Arts 10/1 (March 2006): 59-88.
- Siedell, Daniel A. "Coming Home Before and After Schneebett," artUS 16 (Jan./Feb. 2007): 10-13.
- Cornell University Residence Plan of 1966, Schedule I, Appendix A (May 3, 1966)(see sixth page of document noting the relationship between Phi Kappa Psi and the Irving Literary Society)); see also’’, List of Phi Kappa Psi/Irving Literary Society Members (Aug. 18, 2011).
- Richard Whittaker (2004), A conversation with Enrique Martínez Celaya: Self and beyond self, works + conversations, retrieved 2008-04-25[dead link]
- L. Kent Wolgamott (2004), A conversation between L. Kent Wolgamott and Enrique Martínez Celaya, Lincoln Journal Star, retrieved 2008-04-25[dead link]
- Quoted in Daniel A. Siedell, "Enrique Martínez Celaya's Thing and Deception: The Artistic Practice of Belief," Religion and the Arts 10/1 (2006): 59.
- "Schneebett Statement" in "EMC Comments" at www.martinezcelaya.com
- "Self and Beyond Self: A Conversation with Enrique Martínez Celaya," works + conversations 9 (October 2004): 13.
- Official Enrique Martínez Celaya Website
- Whale & Star Press - Book Publishing
- Whale & Star - Studio
- The Lecture Project at Whale & Star
- The Summer Program at Whale & Star
- Schneebett by Enrique Martínez Celaya
- Greg Kucera Gallery
- LA Louver Gallery
- Sara Meltzer Gallery
- Liverpool Street Gallery
- Enrique Martínez Celaya named Presidential Professor at University of Nebraska
- Works on Paper, Oakland Museum of California
- Baldwin Gallery
- John Berggruen Gallery
- Simon Lee Gallery.