Ricky Martin

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Ricky Martin
Ricky Martin in store appearance, Sydney Australia (1).jpg
Ricky Martin in store appearance in Sydney, Australia
Born Enrique Martín Morales
(1971-12-24) December 24, 1971 (age 42)
San Juan, Puerto Rico
Occupation
  • Singer-songwriter
  • musician
  • actor
  • author
Years active 1984–present
Children 2
Musical career
Genres
Instruments Vocals
Labels
Associated acts Menudo, Christina Aguilera, Draco Rosa, Ednita Nazario, Luciano Pavarotti, Nina Moric
Website rickymartinmusic.com

Enrique Martín Morales[note 1] (born December 24, 1971), commonly known as Ricky Martin, is a Puerto Rican[1][2] pop musician, actor and author. Martin began his career at age twelve with the all-boy pop group Menudo. After five years with the group, he released several Spanish-language solo albums throughout the 1990s. He also acted on stage and on TV in Mexico, becoming a modest star in the country. In 1994 he starred on the American TV soap opera General Hospital, playing a Puerto Rican singer.

In late 1999, after releasing several albums in Spanish, Martin performed "The Cup of Life" at the 41st Grammy Awards show, which became a catalyst in bringing Latin pop to the forefront of the U.S. music scene.[3] Following its success, Martin released "Livin' la Vida Loca" which helped him obtain enormous success worldwide and is generally seen as the song that began the Latin pop explosion of 1999 and made the transition easier for other Spanish-speaking artists to move into the English-speaking market. Since its release, the song has sold over 8 million copies, making it one of the best selling singles of all time.[4] His first English-language album (also titled Ricky Martin), has sold 22 million copies and is one of the best selling albums of all time.[5][6][7] His other studio albums include: Me Amarás (1993), A Medio Vivir (1995), Vuelve (1998), Sound Loaded (2000), Almas del Silencio (2003), Life (2005), and Música + Alma + Sexo (2011).

He has sold over 70 million albums (the most updated figure is 85 million), and has had 95 platinum records, six #1 Billboard albums, 11 Number 1 hit songs, two American Music Awards, six Grammy Awards, eight World Music Awards, ten Billboard Music Awards, eight MTV Music Video Awards, with concerts in more than 60 countries across the globe.

Life and career[edit]

Early life: 1971–83[edit]

Martin was born on December 24, 1971, in San Juan, Puerto Rico, the son of Nereida Morales, an accountant, and Enrique Martín Negroni, a psychologist.[8][9][10][11] His parents divorced when he was two years old and Martin spent much of his childhood shifting between his father's home in the suburbs of University Gardens and his paternal grandmother's house nearby.[12][13] Martin has two maternal half-brothers, Fernando and Ángel Fernández, and two paternal half-brothers, Eric and Daniel Martín, and a paternal half-sister Vanessa Martín.[10] Martin has Spanish ancestry through his maternal grandmother who was born in Spain, as well as Corsican ancestry through his paternal grandmother.[14][15]

Martin grew up in a Roman Catholic home and was an altar boy throughout his childhood.[16] He began singing at age six, using wooden kitchen spoons as pretend microphones; he often interpreted songs by Menudo as well as English-language rock groups such as Led Zeppelin, Journey, and REO Speedwagon.[17] His mother's side of the family was musically inclined and his maternal grandfather was a poet, which inspired young Martin to write songs.[17] Martin later reflected on his time spent with his family as a child: "Every time I find myself in front of an audience, be it twenty people or one hundred thousand, once again I feel the energy that consumed me back at the family gatherings of my youth."[18] After discovering a newspaper advertisement about auditions for commercials with his father, nine-year-old Martin began appearing in Puerto Rican television commercials for products such as soft drinks, toothpaste, and fast-food restaurants.[19] In a year and a half, he starred in eleven commercials.[19]

Menudo: 1984–89[edit]

At age thirteen, Martin made his recording debut on the song "Rayo de Luna", from Menudo's 1984 album, Evolución.[20]

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After achieving a small amount of fame in Puerto Rico for his work in television commercials, Martin auditioned for membership in Puerto Rican boy band Menudo. Although the executives enjoyed his dancing and singing at his first two auditions, Martin was rejected because he was too short.[21] By the third audition, his persistence impressed executives and in 1984, thirteen-year-old Martin became a member.[22] A month after joining Menudo, he made his debut performance with the group at the Luis A. Ferré Performing Arts Center in San Juan.[23] During this performance, he inadvertently disobeyed the choreography by walking around the stage when it was planned that he would stay still, and was chastised by the band manager after the show: "The mistake was such a big deal that from that moment on, never again did I move when I wasn't supposed to move...That was the discipline of Menudo: You either did things the way you were told or you were not part of the group."[24] The song "Asignatura Pendiente" from Almas del Silencio (2003) was inspired by the first time Martin left Puerto Rico to tour with Menudo.[25]

Although Martin enjoyed traveling and performing onstage with Menudo, he found the band's busy schedule and strict managing to be exhausting and later reflected that the experience "cost" him his childhood.[26] He considered leaving the group while on tour in Brazil, but ultimately decided to stay out of fear of media backlash and being sued for breach of contract.[27] Martin also began struggling with his sexuality, noting the stark contrast between his status as a sex symbol and his own emotions.[28] Despite this, Martin acknowledged his "opportunity to have so many amazing experiences with so many amazing people" during his time with the group.[29] He developed an interest in philanthropy when the group became UNICEF ambassadors, often working with impoverished children in third world countries.[29] His experiences as an ambassador affected him greatly and inspired him to continue working with charities later in life.[29] By 1987, Menudo's record sales began to decline and the group changed its image, adopting an edgier look and performing more rock-influenced songs.[30] The band released the album Somos Los Hijos del Rock in Spanish, and to appeal to the Menudo's Filipino fanbase, the group released In Action, recording songs in both English and Tagalog.[30]

After recording eleven albums with the group, Martin left Menudo in July 1989 at age seventeen, hoping to rest and evaluate his career path.[31] He performed his final show with the group at the same venue as his first performance as a member.[31] Martin returned to Puerto Rico to graduate from high school, and thirteen days after turning eighteen, he moved to New York City to celebrate his financial independence; since he was a minor during his time as a member of Menudo, Martin was not allowed to access his own bank accounts.[32] He was accepted into New York University's Tisch School of the Arts, but months before classes began, Martin dropped out and moved to Mexico City to perform in the play Mama Ama el Rock (Mom Loves Rock).[33]

Acting and first two solo albums: 1991–1994[edit]

While he was performing in onstage in Mama Ama el Rock, a producer in the audience took notice of Martin's acting and offered him a role in the Mexican telenovela Alcanzar una estrella after the show.[34] He also joined the cast for the second season of the show, titled Alcanzar una estrella II.[34] A film based on the TV series entitled Más que alcanzar una estrella was also produced in which Martin starred and earned an El Heraldo Award in 1993 for his role.[35] The show centered around a fictional musical group called Muñecos de Papel in which Martin played Pablo Loredo, one of the six members; the group toured several cities in Mexico and recorded two albums.[34] Although he had hoped to take a break from touring after Menudo, Martin enjoyed the experience because he got along with the other members well.[35]

I was so excited about getting back into the music world that I didn't care what the conditions were...All of the hard work and passion I had exerted was finally now starting to come to fruition, and music came back to my life powerfully and definitively.

– Martin, on recording his debut album.[36]

In 1990, Martin was signed to Sony Discos, the Sony Music Entertainment's Latin imprint. Eager to make his first solo album, Martin signed the contract without reading it and inadvertently signed a deal in which he would only be awarded one cent of royalties for each album sold.[36] Despite viewing the contract as unfair, Martin referred to the record as "the start of something phenomenal" for him.[36] After working "around the clock" to finish filming Alcanzar una estrella II and recording music, Martin released his debut solo album, the Spanish-language Ricky Martin, in November 1991.[37] Ricky Martin included the singles: "Fuego Contra Fuego" and "El Amor de Mi Vida". "Fuego Contra Fuego" was certified Gold in Mexico, Argentina, Puerto Rico, and the United States.[38] To promote the album, Martin toured throughout Latin America, which the singer referred to as "an indescribable feeling, almost like coming home."[38]

After the success of Ricky Martin and its subsequent tour, Martin's record company met him with acclaimed producer Juan Carlos Calderón on his second solo album, Me Amarás. Although Martin felt "very grateful" for the opportunity to work with Calderón, he noted, "I always felt that that record was more his than mine."[39] Released in May 1993, Me Amarás features a Spanish-language cover of the Laura Branigan song "Self Control", titled "Que Dia Es Hoy".[40] In his review, Alex Henderson of AllMusic wrote, "The CD isn't without its pleasures...but on the whole, Me Amarás is too glossy, too calculated, and much too contrived for its own good."[40]

In 1994, Martin's agent encouraged him to move to Los Angeles to act in an American sitcom called Getting By.[41] The show was canceled after two seasons, but soon after, Martin was given the role of singer/bartender Miguel Morez on the soap opera General Hospital.[42] Martin felt that he lacked chemistry with the rest of the General Hospital cast, and observed that people treated him differently because of his Puerto Rican accent.[43] At the time, it was relatively uncommon for Hispanic people to appear on American television, and people suggested that he take accent reduction classes, which he refused.[42] It was during this time, however, that Martin began his first committed relationship with a man.[44] He "stopped fearing his sexuality", and soon came out to his mother, who was supportive of him.[44] However, after the relationship ended, Martin "locked [his] feelings even deeper inside", and began dating women again.[45] He recalled, "I already felt it was hard to be a Latino in Hollywood; what could have been more difficult than being Latino and gay?"[46]

A Medio Vivir, Vuelve, and breakthrough: 1995–1998[edit]

In 1995, Martin refocused on his music career, and began work on his third album, A Medio Vivir. The first single, the ballad "Te Extraño, Te Olvido, Te Amo", was reminiscent of his earlier work.[47] With the song, Martin furthered his expansion from Latin American and Spanish-speaking audiences to the European and Asian markets.[48] However, the record also made a shift from his traditional ballad-style compositions to a more risky fusion of music centered around traditional Latin sounds, epitomized by the song "Maria". Taken aback by the starkly different musical style, record label executives felt that the song would ruin Martin's career.[49] Despite this, "Maria" was chosen as the album's second single, and became a breakthrough hit, reaching number one in France, Spain, Germany, Belgium, Holland, Switzerland, Finland, Italy, Turkey, and the entire continent of South America.[49] With A Medio Vivir, Martin was credited, along with singers Chayanne and Marc Anthony, for popularizing the music of Puerto Rico in Spain.[50] The album has sold over 3 million copies worldwide.

In a 1996 interview with The Miami Herald, Martin expressed an interest in performing on Broadway. Days after the interview was released Martin received a phone call from producer Richard Jay-Alexander, offering him the role of Marius Pontmercy in the play Les Misérables.[51] After the conclusion of a worldwide tour in support of A Medio Vivir, Martin returned to New York to appear in the play in an eleven-week run.[52] He greatly enjoyed the experience, calling his time in the play an "honor" and "the role of [his] life".[52] Martin continued to tour after the conclusion of the show's run, and noted that his audiences were growing in both size and enthusiasm.[53] In 1997, Martin was invited to the prestigious Sanremo Music Festival in Sanremo, Italy. After landing in Milan, Martin's scheduled helicopter trip to Sanremo had to be postponed due to poor weather conditions.[54] Hoping to arrive at the festival on time, Martin and his crew drove through the mountainous terrain at over 120 miles per hour. The car then turned too quickly and flipped over.[54] However, "none of us had more than a couple of scratches and bruises" and he arrived at the festival on time by taxi later that day.[54] In the summer of 1997, Martin embarked on a tour of Spain, performing 45 shows in 36 cities.[55]

While on tour, Martin returned to the studio to record his fourth album, Vuelve (1998). He called the experience of touring and recording at the same time "brutal and incredibly intense".[56] As he was finishing the record, the singer was contacted by FIFA to write a song for the 1998 World Cup; Martin subsequently wrote "La copa de la vida" with K. C. Porter and Draco Rosa.[57] He performed the song at the World Cup final in the Stade de France on July 12, 1998.[58] The performance, which was broadcast to over a billion viewers in 187 countries, was described as a "global moment for Latin pop".[59] "La copa de la vida" reached No. 1 on the charts around the world and went gold and platinum in various countries. It was awarded Pop Song of the Year at the 1999 Lo Nuestro Awards.[60] The title track and the ballad "Perdido Sin Tí" both hit number one on the Hot Latin Songs. Further singles included: "La Bomba", "Por Arriba, Por Abajo" and "Corazonado". Vuelve spent twenty-six weeks at number one on the Billboard Top Latin Albums. It became Martin's first top forty album on the Billboard 200 in the United States, where it was certified platinum by the RIAA. The album also went to number one in Spain and Norway, and sold over eight million copies worldwide.[61]

Martin was nominated for his first Grammy Award for Vuelve in the category of Best Latin Pop Album, and was booked to sing on the 41st Grammy Awards live TV broadcast. His acclaimed performance of "La copa de la vida" earned Martin an unexpected standing ovation and introduced him to the mainstream American audience. Being aware of performing on the Grammy, he said that:"The excitement is more than being nominated for the award. The audience in front of me are people who are hard to pleased.StingMadonnaLuciano Pavarotti! To get the acceptance of your peers really means a lot."[62][63] Martin won the Grammy Award later that evening,and even superstars Madonna and Sting came to the backstage to congratulate him.[64] His appearance sparked nationwide interest in Latin music. Writing for Billboard on April 24, 1999, Michael Paoletta noted, "In the weeks since [the performance], it seems like every record label exec has been in a heated search for the next Latin hottie."[65]

Crossover to English: 1999–2002[edit]


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After receiving commercial success throughout Asia, Europe, and Latin America, Martin prepared his first English album in 1999 in an attempt to cross over to the United States market.[66] The self-titled album, which debuted at number one on the Billboard 200 and sold 661,000 copies in its first week of release, became the most successful album debut on the Billboard charts by a Hispanic artist.[67] It contained material by writers and producers such as Desmond Child, Diane Warren, William Orbit, George Noriega and his longtime childhood friend Draco Rosa. The album also featured special guests: Madonna on the Spanish-English duet "Be Careful (Cuidado con mi Corazón)" and Meja on "Private Emotion".[68] Two weeks after the album's release, Martin was featured on the cover of Time with the title "Latin Music Goes Pop!".[69] Before the album's release, Janet Jackson collaborated with Ricky Martin for the Latin American version of "Ask for More", a promotional single and commercial released as part of an advertising campaign for soft drink company Pepsi.[70][71]

The first and most prominent single was "Livin' la Vida Loca", which reached number one in many countries around the world, including the United States, United Kingdom, Canada, Ireland and New Zealand. "Livin' la Vida Loca" is Ricky Martin's biggest hit. The video for "Livin 'La Vida Loca" was directed by Wayne Isham and starring model Nina Moric. It was followed by "She's All I Ever Had" which peaked at number two on the Billboard Hot 100. Both tracks peaked at number one on the Hot Latin Songs. "Livin' la Vida Loca" is generally seen as the song that began the Latin pop explosion of 1999 and made the transition of other Latin artists (first Jennifer Lopez and Enrique Iglesias, then later Shakira) into the English-speaking market easier. Ricky Martin became one of the top-selling albums of 1999, and was certified 7× platinum in the United States, selling over 22 million copies worldwide. In October 1999, Martin embarked on a very successful year-long Livin' la Vida Loca Tour.

After this success, a new English-language album, Sound Loaded, was released in November 2000. It debuted at number four on the Billboard 200 and was certified 2× platinum by the RIAA. "She Bangs" and "Nobody Wants to Be Lonely" (duet with Christina Aguilera) peaked at number twelve and thirteen on the Billboard Hot 100, respectively. Both singles reached number one on the Hot Latin Songs. Sound Loaded has sold over 8 million copies worldwide.

In February 2001, Martin released a Spanish greatest hits album entitled La Historia, which went to number one for five weeks on the Billboard Top Latin Albums and debuted at number eighty-three on the Billboard 200. It also topped the chart in Sweden for three weeks. The album contained reworkings of two of his early songs "Fuego Contra Fuego" and "El Amor de Mi Vida". In November 2001, an English-language greatest hits album, The Best of Ricky Martin was released outside North America. It contained two new remixes of "Amor".

Almas del Silencio and Life: 2003–2006[edit]

Ricky Martin in 2005.

In May 2003, Martin released a new Spanish album Almas del Silencio. The first single, "Tal Vez", debuted at number one on the Hot Latin Songs and stayed there for eleven weeks becoming the best performing Latin single of the year.[72] Martin said of the new album: "I really needed to go back to focus, to my center, to the beginning. I had the need to search within, and really dig deep, and find those emotions that, because of the adrenaline and the euphoria that I lived for a couple of years, were probably sabotaged."[73] Almas del Silencio debuted at number twelve on the Billboard 200 and reached number one on the Billboard Top Latin Albums where it stayed for six weeks. The album sold more than one million copies worldwide.[74] The next singles, "Jaleo" and "Y Todo Queda en Nada", reached number one on the Hot Latin Songs. "Jaleo" also topped the chart in Spain for four weeks.

In October 2005, Martin released his first English-language album since 2000's Sound Loaded and the tenth album of his career. Most of the songs on the album, called Life, were co-written by Martin. He commented on the album: "I was really in touch with my emotions. I think this album is very multi-layered, just like life is. It's about feeling anger. It's about feeling joy. It's about feeling uncertainty. It's about feeling. And all my emotions are part of this production."[75] The album debuted at number six on the Billboard 200. The first single from the album, "I Don't Care", featured guest appearances by Fat Joe and Amerie. It peaked at number three on the Hot Dance Club Songs and number sixty-five on the Billboard Hot 100. Another song from the album, "It's Alright" was re-recorded as a duet with French singer M. Pokora. It was successful in French-speaking countries, reaching number four in France.

Soon after, Martin announced his One Night Only with Ricky Martin tour. Starting in Mexico City, the tour premiered on November 15, 2005. After finishing the first leg which included Latin America and the United States, Martin performed at the 2006 Winter Olympics closing ceremony in Turin. A few days later, he announced the second leg of his world tour, which included Europe and Africa. The second leg started on April 21, 2006 in Manchester, UK, and ended on June 3, 2006 in Tel Aviv, Israel.

MTV Unplugged and a world tour: 2006–2007[edit]

On August 17, 2006, Ricky Martin taped his MTV Unplugged concert in Miami. It premiered on MTV Latin America, MTV Tr3s and MTV Puerto Rico in October 2006 and was released on CD and DVD in November 2006. The album was a critical and commercial success. It debuted at number one on the Billboard Top Latin Albums and number thirty-eight on the Billboard 200. At the Latin Grammy Awards of 2008, MTV Unplugged received Latin Grammy Award for Best Male Pop Vocal Album and for Best Long Form Music Video. The first single, "Tu Recuerdo" which featured La Mari of Chambao, reached number one for three weeks on the Hot Latin Songs. The next single, "Pégate" peaked at number six on the Hot Dance Club Songs.

On February 19, 2007, Martin began his worldwide Black and White Tour[76] which started with a performance at the José Miguel Agrelot Coliseum in Puerto Rico and concluded with a presentation at the Madison Square Garden in New York City on October 14, 2007.[76] He also recorded a duet with Eros Ramazzotti, "Non siamo soli" which topped the Italian chart for eleven consecutive weeks.

Career break: 2007–2010[edit]

After finishing his worldwide tour, Martin took a break from the music industry and focused on his private life. In November 2007, Sony BMG Norte released Ricky Martin Live: Black and White Tour on CD, DVD and Blu-ray Disc. One year later, a Spanish-language greatest hits album was released, entitled 17. It was a summary of seventeen years of Martin's musical career, which included mostly Spanish-language songs.

Autobiography, Música + Alma + Sexo and Evita: 2010–2013[edit]

Martin performing in Chicago on April 19, 2011.

Ricky Martin's autobiography, Me, was published on November 2, 2010. The book became part of the The New York Times Best Seller list,[77] debuting at number five on the Hardcover Nonfiction list. A Spanish-language edition entitled Yo was published simultaneously.

Martin's single, "The Best Thing About Me Is You" featuring Joss Stone also premiered on November 2, 2010 and peaked at number seventy-four on the Billboard Hot 100. The Spanish version, "Lo Mejor de Mi Vida Eres Tú" topped the Hot Latin Songs for two weeks. It was followed by a new studio album, Música + Alma + Sexo released on January 31, 2011.[78] It debuted at number three on the Billboard 200 and became the highest charting, primarily-Spanish language album in the United States, since Dreaming of You by Selena.[79] Música + Alma + Sexo also represents the highest ever chart debut on the Billboard 200 for a Sony Music Latin release.[80] It spent two weeks at number one on the Billboard Top Latin Albums. On March 25, 2011, Martin started his Música + Alma + Sexo World Tour, which ended on November 12, 2011. The second single from the album, "Más" was released on April 5, 2011 and peaked at number seven on the Hot Dance Club Songs. "Frío" featuring Wisin & Yandel was chosen as the third single.

17: Greatest Hits was released on July 11, 2011 exclusively in the United Kingdom. Ricky Martin was playing Ché in the Broadway revival of the show Evita, scheduled to begin previews on Broadway in March 2012, ahead of an opening in April 2012.[81] He received mixed reviews.

Martin guest-starred as a Spanish teacher on the Fox TV show Glee episode "The Spanish Teacher" on February 7, 2012. Martin premiered his "Ricky's Lip Conditioner" lip balm in April 2012 as part of the M.A.C Cosmetics "Ricky and Nicki for Viva Glam" campaign. The advertisements for the range paired him with rapper Nicki Minaj. Martin's signature is featured on the lip balm packaging.[82]

The Voice Australia, "Come with Me" and an Australian tour: 2013[edit]

In November 2012, Martin was announced as a coach on The Voice Australia and debuted in the first episode of season two, on April 7, 2013.[83][84] The finale aired on June 17. His finalist was former Ten Tenors singer Luke Kennedy. He became Runner-up losing to eventual winner Harrison Craig.

In April 2013, Martin released his Greatest Hits: Souvenir Edition album in Australia, where it reached number two on the ARIA Albums Chart and was certified Gold. In June 2013, he released a new English single titled "Come with Me".[85] He also embarked on the 2013 Australian Tour in October 2013. In February 2014, he appeared with Jennifer Lopez & Wisin on the single and video "Adrenalina" taken from Wisin's solo album El Regreso del Sobreviviente. The album version contains Spanish lyrics but the single was also made available in a Spanglish version. In April 2014, the single & video were released for "Vida", from the FIFA compilation album One Love, One Rhythm – The 2014 FIFA World Cup Official Album. Here, the album version contains Spanglish lyrics, but the digital EP contained versions in Spanish & Portuguese as well as various dance remixes.

The Voice Mexico and Mexican One World Tour: 2014–present[edit]

In July 2014, was announced as a coach on The Voice Mexico along with Italian singer Laura Pausini, Mexican pop singer Yuri and norteno singer Julión Álvarez[86] The first episode of season four was aired on September 9, 2014.[87] On October 3, 2014, Martin will be starting his Mexican One World Tour on Mexico City, followed by Guadalajara, Monterrey and Ensenada.[88]

Musical style[edit]

Martin possesses a tenor vocal range.[89] Martin cites a variety of the Latin music genres as influences, including salsa, merengue, and bolero.[90] He also is inspired by artists such as the Fania All-Stars, Celia Cruz, El Gran Combo de Puerto Rico, and Gilberto Santa Rosa, which his mother played for him as a child.[90] Martin credits these musicians with helping him "appreciate the richness of [his] island's culture."[90]

In addition, Martin ever thanked his all-time idols, including Michael Jackson, Cher, Madonna, Elvis Presley, Sting, Barbra Streisand, Daniel Day-Lewis.

Other media[edit]

In November 2013 Martin launched Piccolo Universe, an online community for parents and caregivers from all corners of the world to celebrate and share the joys and struggles of raising kids.

Ricky Martin’s first children’s book, Santiago the Dreamer in Land Among the Stars, was published in November 2013. A Spanish-language edition entitled, Santiago El Soñador en Entre Las Estrellas was published simultaneously. The book was illustrated by Patricia Castelao.

Personal life[edit]

Martin is known as “Kiki” or “Quiquito" by intimates.[91] Martin was raised Catholic, but says he is open to all sorts of religious beliefs, especially the Buddhist philosophy, although he does not identify as a Buddhist.[92] He feels that subscribing to a specific religion can "limit" an individual in certain aspects, and noted in 2006, "I really like the Buddhist philosophy but that doesn’t mean that I am of the religion. If I subscribe to Buddhism, I can’t be of anything else...I am not going to follow those rules."[92] Martin began practicing yoga after a trip to Thailand in 1997.[10]

He enjoys surfing, skydiving, and vacationing in the Indian Subcontinent, including in India and Nepal, partly on account of his interest in yoga and Buddhism, in view of the origins of Buddhism and its sacred pilgrimage sites such Bodhgaya, Sarnath and Kushinagar being in India.[10]

In November 2011, he acquired Spanish nationality in recognition of his artistic talents and for having roots in the country - Martin's grandmother is Spanish, and he owns a residence in Madrid. In September 2011 he sold his home in Miami.[93] In a public statement, written in Spanish, Martin explicitly stated that he has not abandoned his Puerto Rican identity: "I was born in Puerto Rico, I am a Puerto Rican, and Puerto Rico is my country. I made the request for Spanish citizenship some time ago, I was just waiting for a response. This step is part of planning for the future within a global community of whom I am part. Spain is a country with which I share many memories and strong ties born of my roots and the love they have given me since I first visited."[14]

Relationships and sexuality[edit]

Martin was in an on-off relationship with Mexican TV host Rebecca de Alba for more than 14 years. The pair had spoken of starting a family together,[94][95][96] and Martin had at one point considered proposing to her.[97]

In August 2008, Martin became the father of twin boys, Matteo and Valentino, born by a surrogate mother.[98]

After the success of "Livin' la Vida Loca", Martin's personal life became a subject of interest due to his large gay following, and he was questioned about his sexual orientation. In a December 2000 interview with The Mirror, Martin was asked to comment on the rumors surrounding his sexuality. He replied that "I don't think I should have to tell anyone if I am gay or not, or who I've slept with or not."[99][100] On March 29, 2010, Martin publicly acknowledged his homosexuality in a post on his official website stating, "I am proud to say that I am a fortunate homosexual man. I am very blessed to be who I am."[101][102] Martin said that "these years in silence and reflection made me stronger and reminded me that acceptance has to come from within, and that this kind of truth gives me the power to conquer emotions I didn't even know existed."[103] In 2010, prior to Martin coming out, Barbara Walters expressed some regret for pushing Martin in a 2000 interview to admit if he was gay. The Toronto Star quoted her as saying, "When I think back on it now, I feel it was an inappropriate question."[104][105]

Martin announced on The Oprah Winfrey Show that he was in a relationship.[106] In 2011, during his acceptance speech of the Vito Russo Award at the 22nd GLAAD Media Awards, Martin publicly thanked his boyfriend, Carlos González Abella, an economist.[107][108] His relationship with González Abella ended in January 2014.[109] Martin has also expressed support for same-sex marriage in an interview on Larry King Live, and commented on his experience of being closeted and coming out. "Everything about saying that I am gay feels right...", Martin stated, adding "if I’d known how good it was going to feel, I would have done it ten years ago."[110]

Ricky martin delivered a speech at the UN homophobia conference on November 12, 2012.[citation needed]

Humanitarian work[edit]

Ricky Martin at a Puerto Rican Day annual parade in New York City

Martin is the founder of Fundación Ricky Martin (Ricky Martin Foundation), a non-profit organization. Among the events promoted by the foundation was a summer camp, which included Martin's personal participation.[111]

Martin has been honored with many accolades for his humanitarian efforts including: Leadership in the Arts Award, Billboard's Spirit of Hope Award, ALMA Award, Vanguard Award, International Humanitarian Award by the International Centre for Missing & Exploited Children, Hispanic Heritage Award for his humanitarian work through the Sabera Foundation in rescuing three orphan girls from the streets of Kolkata (September 2002).

Martin has also collaborated with the International Organization for Migration on the Llama y Vive (Call and Live), a campaign which is aimed to facilitate prevention of human trafficking, protection of the youngest victims of child trafficking, and prosecution of the traffickers. For his work against human trafficking, the United States Department of State named Martin one of its Heroes in Ending Modern-Day Slavery in 2005.

Logo

The Ricky Martin Foundation was founded by Ricky Martin, with the mission to advocate for the well-being of children around the world.

Its primary project is the People for Children project, which aims to eliminate trafficking of children. Tsunami Relief Fund – together with Habitat for Humanity, building homes in Thailand[112][113]

  • RMF Summer Camp
  • Children 4 Children
  • Haiti Relief

The Foundation also works closely with UNICEF.

After the South Asian tsunami in 2004, Ricky martin was the first singer to visit the site where the disaster happened and was praised and promoted by Oprah Winfreyon Oprah Winfrey Show. In 2005 when Hurricane Katrina invaded United States, he also went to Houston to visit the victims and children.On February 13, 2008 Ricky martin gave a speech on UN Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking Speech in Vienna.

Martin and the Ricky Martin Foundation is the driving force behind the parenting website Piccolo Universe [1]. It is a collaborative site that is intended to be a place for parents and caregivers to discover, share, learn, and connect about raising happy kids.

Politics[edit]

Ricky Martin (mid right) in Congress, with Luis Fortuño (far left), Tom Lantos (mid left) and Chris Smith (far right).

Martin was a headliner in the 2001 inauguration celebration for President George W. Bush; he even invited the newly elected president to join him on stage to dance. This image was captured by photographers and broadcast in various media throughout the world. Martin referred to it in a later song, "Asignatura Pendiente".

Martin has since changed his position on the former President. In a concert in Puerto Rico during the song Asignatura Pendiente Martin thrust his middle finger disapprovingly in the air while singing the line "photo with Bush". The gesture met with audience approval but caused a minor controversy with the media. Martin said in an e-mail statement sent to the Associated Press via a spokesman: "My convictions of peace and life go beyond any government and political agenda and as long as I have a voice onstage and offstage, I will always condemn war and those who promulgate it".[114]

During his appearance at the Billboard Latin Music Awards on April 29, 2010, Martin expressed his disagreement with the Arizona SB 1070 act, a law that requires police officers to request documents from individuals who they suspect to be illegal immigrants.[115] He criticized the law for "discriminating against us for the simple fact of looking Latino" and further addressed the Latino community by saying, "Long live love, long live peace...You are not alone. We are with you. Put a stop to discrimination. Put a stop to hate. Put a stop to racism."[115]

Martin endorsed President Barack Obama for his reelection campaign by hosting a fundraiser with the President in New York on May 21, 2012.[116] He endorsed the President for declaring his support for same-sex marriage.[116]

Discography[edit]

With Menudo[edit]

Solo[edit]

Filmography[edit]

Theatre[edit]

Tours[edit]

Records and achievements[edit]

  • Martin was chosen along with Félix Trinidad in 1999, to lead Puerto Rico's worldwide tourism campaign, both exemplifying Puerto Rico's youthfulness, enthusiasm and indefatigable character.
  • In February 2004, Martin received a Lifetime Achievement Award at the Lo Nuestro Awards in Miami.
  • Martin was honored as the 2006 Latin Recording Academy Person of the Year by the Latin Recording Academy on November 1, 2006. He was chosen for his accomplishments as a world renowned entertainer, consummate performer and passionate humanitarian. A portion of the proceeds from the evening's tribute dinner was used for benefitting Ricky Martin's charitable efforts.
  • On October 16, 2007, Martin received the 2351st Hollywood Walk of Fame star,[118] shortly after receiving the key to the city of Miami Beach, Florida on October 11. The star is located beside the Hollywood and Highland complex. Los Angeles mayor Antonio Villaraigosa and Rita Moreno were invited to the unveiling ceremony.[76]
  • In 2008, Puerto Rico declared August 31 to be International Ricky Martin Day.
  • In 2011, Martin was awarded Spanish citizenship to honor his contributions to the arts.[1]
  • In addition to the numerous awards received throughout his musical career, Martin has also been honored with many accolades for his humanitarian efforts.
Awards
Grammy
Preceded by
Luis Miguel
for Romances
Grammy Award for Best Latin Pop Album
1999
for Vuelve
Succeeded by
Rubén Blades
for Tiempo
Latin Grammy
Preceded by
Gloria Estefan
for
"No Me Dejes de Querer"
Latin Grammy Award for Best Short Form Music Video
2001
for "She Bangs"
Succeeded by
Shakira
for
"Suerte"
Preceded by
Ricardo Arjona
for Adentro
Latin Grammy Award for Best Male Pop Vocal Album
2007
for MTV Unplugged
Succeeded by
Juanes
for La Vida... Es Un Ratico
Preceded by
Diego El Cigala
for Blanco Y Negro En Vivo
Latin Grammy Award for Best Long Form Music Video
2007
for MTV Unplugged
Succeeded by
Julieta Venegas
for MTV Unplugged

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^
    This name uses Spanish naming customs: the first or paternal family name is Martín and the second or maternal family name is Morales.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Ricky Martin y Benicio del Toro ya tienen la nacionalidad española" (in Spanish). lne.es. November 4, 2011. Retrieved November 4, 2011. 
  2. ^ "RSS Nationalité espagnole accordée à Ricky Martin et Benicio del Toro" (in French). lepoint.fr. November 11, 2011. Retrieved November 4, 2011. 
  3. ^ CNN.com - Ricky Martin Leading The Latin (music) revolution
  4. ^ "20 Best Selling Music Singles Since 1990". The List Blog. Retrieved 2012-03-25. 
  5. ^ Martin wants to be a dad again. Retrieved July 16, 2011.
  6. ^ Ricky Martin Biography – A Prominent Figure from Latin Pop Music. Retrieved July 16, 2011.
  7. ^ Ricky Martin To Release Greatest Hits. Retrieved July 16, 2011.
  8. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Ricky Martin – Biography". AllMusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved April 8, 2009. 
  9. ^ Otfinoski, 2007. p. 138
  10. ^ a b c d Tresniowski, Alex (December 4, 2000). "Ricky Martin : Zen and Now". People. Time, Inc. Retrieved August 1, 2012. 
  11. ^ Martin, 2010. p. 42
  12. ^ Schneider, Karen S. (June 28, 1999). "My Favorite Martin". People. Time, Inc. Retrieved August 3, 2012. 
  13. ^ Martin, 2010. p. 20
  14. ^ a b Galaz, Mabel (November 4, 2011). "El gobierno concede a Ricky Martin la nacionalidad española para poder casarse". El País. Retrieved November 8, 2011. 
  15. ^ Martin, 2010. p. 21
  16. ^ Martin, 2010. p. 18
  17. ^ a b Martin, 2010. p. 16
  18. ^ Martin, 2010. p. 17
  19. ^ a b Martin, 2010. pp. education24-25
  20. ^ De La Torre, 1997. p. 34
  21. ^ Martin, 2010. p. 31
  22. ^ Martin, 2010. pp. 31-32
  23. ^ Martin, 2010. p. 33
  24. ^ Martin, 2010. pp. 33-34
  25. ^ Martin, 2010. p. 47
  26. ^ Martin, 2010. p. 28
  27. ^ Martin, 2010. pp. 36-37
  28. ^ (2002) Behind the Music: Ricky Martin episode. VH1.
  29. ^ a b c Martin, 2010. p. 37
  30. ^ a b Martin, 2010. p. 44
  31. ^ a b Martin, 2010. p. 46
  32. ^ Martin, 2010. p. 58
  33. ^ Martin, 2010, pp. 18-19
  34. ^ a b c Martin, 2010. p. 66
  35. ^ a b Martin, 2010. p. 67
  36. ^ a b c Martin, 2010. p. 70
  37. ^ Martin, 2010, pp. 70-71
  38. ^ a b Martin, 2010. p. 71
  39. ^ Martin, 2010, p. 87
  40. ^ a b Henderson, Alex. "Review: Ricky Martin - Me Amarás". AllMusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved July 10, 2012. 
  41. ^ Martin, 2010. p. 76
  42. ^ a b Martin, 2010, pp. 77-78
  43. ^ Martin, 2010, pp. 78-79
  44. ^ a b Martin, 2010. p. 81
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  48. ^ AllMusic
  49. ^ a b Martin, 2010. p. 103
  50. ^ Llewellyn, Howell (October 7, 2000). "Breaking Into the Spanish Market". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved July 21, 2012. 
  51. ^ Martin, 2010. p. 89
  52. ^ a b Martin, 2010. p. 90
  53. ^ Martin, 2010. p. 104
  54. ^ a b c Martin, 2010. p. 106
  55. ^ Martin, 2010. p. 107
  56. ^ Martin, 2010. p. 108
  57. ^ Martin, 2010. pp. 108-109
  58. ^ Martin, 2010. p. 109
  59. ^ Holt, 2007. p. 165
  60. ^ "Lo Nuestro 1999 – Historia de Premio lo Nuestro". Univision. Retrieved August 2, 2010. 
  61. ^ Ricky Martin – Vuelve. norwegiancharts.com. Retrieved on February 25, 2011.
  62. ^ "A Smashing Start for Ricky Martin". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). May 1, 1999. Retrieved August 1, 2012. 
  63. ^ Martin, 2010. p. 115
  64. ^ Martin, 2010. p. 116
  65. ^ Paoletta, Michael (April 24, 1999). "Can New Jersey's Spicy Sin Match Martin's Latin Sizzle?". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved August 3, 2012. 
  66. ^ Martin, 2010. p. 112
  67. ^ "Ricky Martin Debuts As No. 1". Orlando Sentinel (Tribune Company). May 21, 1999. Retrieved August 1, 2012. 
  68. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Ricky Martin - Album Review". AllMusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved August 1, 2012. 
  69. ^ "Time Magazine Cover: Ricky Martin - May 24, 1999". Time (Time, Inc.). Retrieved August 2, 2012. 
  70. ^ Janet Jackson & Ricky Martin - "Ask for More" Pepsi Ad (Latin American Version). Retrieved on June 17, 2013
  71. ^ Basham, David (1999-10-15). "Ricky Martin Inks Endorsement Deal With Pepsi, Preps For Fall Tour". Mtv.com. Retrieved 2013-12-05. 
  72. ^ "Year-End Charts: Hot Latin Songs". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. December 27, 2003. Retrieved August 3, 2012. 
  73. ^ "Livin' The Serious Life; Ricky Martin's New Album Matches His Outlook". Puertorico-herald.org. Retrieved February 15, 2010. 
  74. ^ Adams, Steve: "Martin's World View", Billboard magazine, November 4, 2006, pp. 64–66.
  75. ^ Font size Print E-mail Share By Tatiana Morales (November 11, 2005). "Ricky Martin Lets 'Life' Happen". Cbsnews.com. Retrieved February 15, 2010. 
  76. ^ a b c "Flash!/Cine". Ricky Martin: Bien ubicada su estrella (in Spanish). Puerto Rico: El Nuevo Día. October 14, 2007. p. 94. 
  77. ^ Schuessler, Jennifer. "Hardcover". The New York Times. 
  78. ^ Leila Cobo, "Ricky Martin Confirms Bilingual Album", Billboard, October 20, 2010
  79. ^ Nicki Minaj Hits No. 1 on Billboard 200, Crosses 1 Million Sales. Retrieved February 11, 2011.
  80. ^ Ricky Martin delivers Latin music’s highest chart debut in the last 15 years. Retrieved February 11, 2011.
  81. ^ EVITA w/ Martin & Roger Begins Previews Mar. 2012; Opens Apr. 2012 2011/01/21. Broadwayworld.com. Retrieved on February 25, 2011.
  82. ^ "M.A.C Viva Glam Collection". Maccosmetics.com. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  83. ^ "Ricky Martin replaces Keith Urban on The Voice". The Australian. November 29, 2012. 
  84. ^ First review of The Voice 2013. The Telegraph 6 April 2013 | Retrieved 7 April 2013
  85. ^ "Ricky Martin's New Single, 'Come With Me': Listen". Billboard. Retrieved 2013-12-05. 
  86. ^ "Ricky Martin Joins 'The Voice Mexico'". Hollywood Reporter. July 24, 2014. 
  87. ^ "Todos los detalles del gran inicio de 'La Voz… México 2014'". TV Notas. September 7, 2014. 
  88. ^ "Ricky Martin: One World Tour Dates". Ricky Martin Music. September 7, 2014. 
  89. ^ Dean, Maury (2003). Rock-N-Roll Gold Rush. Algora Publishing. p. 34. ISBN 0-87586-207-1. 
  90. ^ a b c Martin, 2010. p. 72
  91. ^ The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in the United States. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195156003. 
  92. ^ a b "Ricky Martin admires Buddhist philosophy". The Buddhist Channel. Asian News International. November 28, 2006. 
  93. ^ Ines Hegedus-Garcia (September 21, 2011). "Ricky Martin's Golden Beach Home For Sale". Retrieved January 22, 2012. 
  94. ^ "Ricky Martin". Hellomagazine. 
  95. ^ "Ricky Martin". Hellomagazine. 
  96. ^ "Rebeca de Alba saw Ricky Martin as the father of their children (translated)". TelemundoLA. 
  97. ^ Ricky likes being alone. Metro.co.uk (August 2, 2007). Retrieved on February 25, 2011.
  98. ^ Ricky Martin has twins babies and 'no nanny' – USATODAY.com. Content.usatoday.com (December 10, 2008). Retrieved on February 25, 2011.
  99. ^ Sally Morgan "Ricky Martin – It's no one's business whether I've been to bed with a cow, a broom or a woman...", The Mirror, December 9, 2000
  100. ^ Sally Morgan "Ricky Martin – It's no one's business whether I've been to bed with a cow, a broom or a woman...", The Mirror, December 9, 2000, as reproduced on rmtee.com
  101. ^ "Ricky Martin Gay Bombshell: 'I am a Fortunate Homosexual Man'", PopEater.com Staff, March 29, 2010
  102. ^ Thomson, Katherine (March 29, 2010). "Ricky Martin Comes Out: "I'm A Fortunate Homosexual Man"". Huffington Post. Retrieved August 2, 2010. 
  103. ^ Yep, He's Gay: Ricky Martin Comes Out of the Closet | Rolling Stone Music. Rollingstone.com (March 29, 2010). Retrieved on February 25, 2011.
  104. ^ Comments (March 9, 2010). "Barbara Walters Regrets Ricky Martin Interview". PopEater.com. Retrieved August 2, 2010. 
  105. ^ Ouzounian, Richard (March 6, 2010). "Barbara Walters: What kind of tree is she?". Toronto Star (Toronto). Retrieved August 2, 2010. 
  106. ^ Ricky Martin on Love. Oprah.com (November 2, 2010). Retrieved on February 25, 2011.
  107. ^ Se casa Ricky Martin on El Nuevo Día (January 1, 2012)
  108. ^ Ricky Martin thanks partner at GLAAD Awards on PopEater; Mitchell, John (March 21, 2011)
  109. ^ CBS News, January 2, 2014
  110. ^ Akersten, M. (November 11, 2010). "Let Ricky Martin Get Married!". samesame.com.au. Retrieved November 14, 2010. 
  111. ^ "Ricky Martin sorprende a sus "ahijados"" (in Spanish). Primera Hora. July 9, 2008. Retrieved July 14, 2008. [dead link]
  112. ^ "Profile by the Convention on the Rights of the Child". Unicef.org. Retrieved 2013-12-05. 
  113. ^ "An article concerning Ricky Martin's visit to Thailand on Thailand's Ministry of Foreign Affairs website". [dead link]
  114. ^ "Singer Ricky Martin 'Fingers' Bush for Iraq Criticism". Associated Press, February 16, 2007.
  115. ^ a b "Ricky Martin Criticizes Arizona's Immigration Law". Billboard (Prometheus Global Media). April 30, 2010. Retrieved August 1, 2012. 
  116. ^ a b Bingham, Amy (May 14, 2012). "Pop Star Ricky Martin Courts Latino, Gay Supporters For President Obama". ABC News. Retrieved August 1, 2012. 
  117. ^ Twitter / Ricky Martin: First stop on my "Music+So. Twitter.com (December 9, 2010). Retrieved on February 25, 2011.
  118. ^ Ricky Martin gets Walk of Fame star – Boston.com[dead link]

Sources[edit]

  • De La Torre, David (1997). Ricky Martin: la historia verdadera. Edamex. ISBN 9684099835. 
  • Holt, Fabian (2007). Genre in Popular Music. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0226350394. 
  • Martin, Ricky (2010). Me. Celebra Hardcover. ISBN 978-0451234155. 
  • Otfinoski, Steven (2007). Latinos in the Arts (A to Z of Latino Americans). Facts on File. ISBN 978-0816063949. 

External links[edit]