Enrique Plancarte Solís

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Enrique Plancarte Solís
Enrique PLANCARTE SOLIS.jpg
Born (1970-09-14)14 September 1970[1]
Nueva Italia, Michoacán, Mexico
Died 31 March 2014(2014-03-31) (aged 43)
Other names La Chiva, El Kike
Occupation Leader of the Knights Templar
Criminal charge
Drug trafficking, murder, extortion, money laundering, kidnapping
Reward amount
Mexico: $10 Million Mexican Pesos;
USA: $1.6 million USD
This name uses Spanish naming customs; the first or paternal family name is Plancarte and the second or maternal family name is Solís.

Enrique Plancarte Solís (14 September 1970 – 31 March 2014) was a Mexican drug lord and high-ranking leader of the Knights Templar Cartel, a drug cartel headquartered in the state of Michoacán. Prior to his tenure in the Knights Templar, he was a top leader of the split-off group La Familia Michoacana.

Criminal career[edit]

Plancarte Solís was a high-ranking leader of La Familia Michoacana drug cartel.[2][3][4] Following the reported death of Nazario Moreno González in 2010, La Familia Michoacana broke off and formed the Knights Templar Cartel,[5][6] an organized crime gang based in the Mexican state of Michoacán. Plancarte was one of its top lieutenants. His duties were to coordinate the production and smuggling operations of methamphetamine from Mexico into U.S.A.[3] He was wanted by the governments of Mexico and the U.S.[7][8][9]

Kingpin Act sanction[edit]

On 25 February 2010, the United States Department of the Treasury sanctioned Plancarte Solís under the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act (sometimes referred to simply as the "Kingpin Act"), for his involvement in drug trafficking along with twenty-one other international criminals and ten foreign entities.[10] The act prohibited U.S. citizens and companies from doing any king of business activity with him, and virtually froze all his assets in the U.S.[11]

Death[edit]

Plancarte Solís was killed in a gunfight with soldiers of the Mexican Navy on 31 March 2014 in Colón, Querétaro.[12]

Personal life and family[edit]

In 2014, the Mexican singer Melissa admitted to being Plancarte Solis' daughter.[13] His cousin Jesús Ramírez Plancarte was arrested by Mexican security forces on 22 May 2014.[14] His nephew Mario Loya Contreras was arrested by the Mexican Federal Police in Apatzingán with four other suspected criminals on 5 June 2014.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "La Familia Michoacana". U.S. Department of the Treasury. February 2010. Archived from the original on 1 April 2014. Retrieved 1 April 2014. 
  2. ^ La Familia Michoacana Fact Sheet DEA
  3. ^ a b "Sicarios y predicadores". La Jornada (in Spanish). July 15, 2009. Retrieved 2010-10-10. 
  4. ^ Cae responsable de narcolaboratorios de La Familia (December 23, 2009) El Universal (in Spanish).
  5. ^ "Prevén arrecie lucha por lugar del 'Chayo' en Michoacán". Reforma (in Spanish) (Terra). 29 May 2011. Retrieved 2011-05-29. 
  6. ^ El Chango Mendez arrestado. (in Spanish)
  7. ^ OFAC Issues Kingpin Act Designations; Places Individuals and Entities on the SDN List (February 25, 2010)
  8. ^ Treasury Sanctions La Familia Michoacana Leadership
  9. ^ Boletina EU a los líderes de La Familia Michoacana
  10. ^ "DESIGNATIONS PURSUANT TO THE FOREIGN NARCOTICS KINGPIN DESIGNATION ACT". United States Department of the Treasury. 15 May 2014. p. 10. Archived from the original on 28 May 2014. Retrieved 28 May 2014. 
  11. ^ "An overview of the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act". United States Department of the Treasury. 2009. p. 1. Archived from the original on 28 May 2014. Retrieved 28 May 2014. 
  12. ^ "Abaten en Querétaro a "Kike" Plancarte, líder de Los Templarios". Proceso (magazine). 30 March 2014. Retrieved 1 April 2014. 
  13. ^ [1]
  14. ^ "Detienen a presunto primo de Kike Plancarte en Apatzingán". El Universal (Mexico City) (in Spanish). 22 May 2014. Retrieved 23 May 2014. 
  15. ^ "Caen familiares de 'El Chayo' y 'El Kike' Plancarte en Apatzingán" (in Spanish). Proceso (magazine). 5 June 2014. Archived from the original on 5 June 2014. Retrieved 5 June 2014.