Enslaved performing live at Norway Rock Festival 2010
|Genres||Progressive metal, black metal, viking metal|
|Labels||Deathlike Silence, Voices of Wonder, SPV GmbH, Osmose, Tabu, Relapse, The End, Candlelight, Nuclear Blast|
|Past members||Trym Torson
Enslaved was formed in July 1991 by Ivar Bjørnson and Grutle Kjellson (also known as Kjetil Grutle) when they were 13 and 17 years old, respectively. The band name was inspired by an Immortal demo track, "Enslaved in Rot." After many line-up changes throughout their career, Bjørnson and Kjellson are the only remaining original members. By 2004 the line-up solidified with guitarist Arve "Ice Dale" Isdal, drummer Cato Bekkevold, and keyboardist/vocalist Herbrand Larsen.
Prior to forming Enslaved, Bjørnson and Kjellson had been playing in a death metal band called Phobia, but like many in the burgeoning extreme metal movement, they were looking for new sources of inspiration and expression. Though Enslaved began as a prototypical Norwegian black metal band in 1991, by 1993 they were incorporating song structures unusual for the genre; several of their earlier songs reach the ten-minute mark (their debut album, Vikingligr Veldi, has only one song that is under ten minutes). As such, the band has rejected the black metal label and prefers the term "extreme metal." The album Eld (1997) is often considered to be the beginning of the band's shift towards progressive viking metal, which was rendered complete with Mardraum (2000). That album contained several multi-part epics such as "Større enn tid - Tyngre enn natt" and "Entrance - Escape." From that point onward, the band's influence from progressive rock became stronger on each successive record, with several tracks (most prominently, "As Fire Swept Clean the Earth" from Below the Lights) even using mellotron. Mardraum, Monumension (2001), and Below the Lights (2003) can be regarded as having somewhat similar styles, although there is a clear progression of sound between the albums. Isa (2004) and Ruun (2006) show a marked departure from previous sounds, most notably with the inclusion of sharp dynamic shifts.
Although the band has used mainly English lyrics since Monumension, their albums before that were mostly recorded in Norwegian except for three songs with Icelandic lyrics on their first full-length album; while the lyrics of the 1994 track Heimdallr consisted of an Old Norse excerpt from Gylfaginning by Snorri Sturluson. Most of the band's lyrics relate to Norse mythology. Following Ruun, in 2007-2008, Bjørnson, Kjellson, and Isdal collaborated with the Norwegian noise duo Fe-Mail, under the name .
Enslaved released the album Vertebrae in September 2008, their tenth studio album and their first on Nuclear Blast. Terrorizer Magazine named it the album of the year in 2008, notably above other metal releases such as Meshuggah's obZen and Opeth's Watershed. After touring Europe extensively, Enslaved embarked on a North American tour with the progressive death metal band Opeth in May 2009. The album is noted for is shift in its approach and its diverse sounds; Sammy O'Hagar from MetalSucks.net even says that "to call [Vertebrae] black metal would be quite a stretch" because "there’s an impressive depth to [it] that surpasses the sour misanthropy so often (and rightfully) associated with the genre", and furthermore describing their sound as "heavy and surprisingly soft, focused and curious, true to their roots and longing to forget them". The album's sound has been said to be akin to Pink Floyd's sound on a few occasions, as well as other black metal releases in a similar vain. After extensively touring Europe, Enslaved toured North America with Opeth in support of Vertebrae.
Enslaved released their eleventh studio album, Axioma Ethica Odini, on 27 September 2010 in Europe and the following day in North America. In 2011 Enslaved released two new EPs. The first EP, entitled The Sleeping Gods, which was produced in partnership with Scion Audio/Visual, was released on 10 May 2011 and made available as a free download consisting of 5 original tracks. The second EP, entitled Thorn, was released on 27 August 2011 in partnership with Soulseller Records in fulfillment of a decade-old agreement. The Thorn EP, released on seven-inch vinyl, was strictly limited to 1,000 copies and featured a more atmospheric sound than the band is currently known for. Enslaved started their 20th anniversary tour "Circling Above and Within North America Tour Part IV" in September 2011 with Alcest and Junius in the United States and Canada. An official tribute album called Önd - A Tribute was released on Pictonian Records in July 2012. It contains twenty covers from twenty bands (including Dordeduh, Fen, Kraków, Vreid and Wodensthrone) to celebrate the two first decades of Enslaved's career. After having signed to Nuclear Blast in Europe, too, Enslaved released their 12th studio album, RIITIIR, on 28 September 2012 in Europe and 9 October in North America.
- Grutle Kjellson – lead vocals, bass (1991–present)
- Ivar Bjørnson – lead & rhythm guitar, keyboards, backing vocals (1991–present), keyboards (1991-2004)
- Arve "Ice Dale" Isdal – lead & rhythm guitar (2002–present)
- Cato Bekkevold – drums, percussion (2003–present)
- Herbrand Larsen – guitar, keyboards, mellotron, synthesizer, vocals (2004–present)
- Trym Torson – drums, percussion (1991-1995)
- Harald Helgeson – drums (1995-1997)
- Per "Dirge Rep" Husebø – drums, percussion (1997-2002)
- Richard "Roy" Kronheim – guitar (1997-2002)
- Vikingligr Veldi (1994)
- Frost (1994)
- Eld (1997)
- Blodhemn (1998)
- Mardraum – Beyond the Within (2000)
- Monumension (2001)
- Below the Lights (2003)
- Isa (2004)
- Ruun (2006)
- Vertebrae (2008)
- Axioma Ethica Odini (2010)
- RIITIIR (2012)
Demos and EPs
- Nema (demo, 1991)
- Yggdrasill (demo, 1992)
- Hordanes Land (EP, 1993)
- The Sleeping Gods (EP, 2011)
- Thorn (EP, 2011)
Enslaved also has two DVD releases, primarily consisting of concert footage.
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- "ENSLAVED's 'Vertebrae' Crowned TERRORIZER Magazine's 'Album Of The Year'". Blabbermouth.net. 31 December 2008. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
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- O'Hagar, Sammy. "Enslaved's Vertebrae: The Sound of a Band at the Top of Their Game". MetalSucks.net. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
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- "ENSLAVED to Release 'The Sleeping Gods' EP". Blabbermouth.net. 9 May 2011. Retrieved 9 November 2011.
- "ENSLAVED To Release Seven-Inch EP on SOULSELLER RECORDS". Blabbermouth.net. 24 July 2011. Retrieved 9 November 2011.
- "Enslaved: 2011 American tour announced, Release Date Revealed". facebook.com. 1 July 2011. Retrieved 28 July 2011.
- "Tributes to Enslaved and Emperor". nrk.no. 8 July 2012. Retrieved 7 August 2012.
- Name: (2011-05-10). "Enslaved Release Free EP Online". Gunshyassassin.com. Retrieved 15 July 2011.
- Name: (2011-07-25). "Enslaved Set To Release New Vinyl EP". www.metalstorm.net.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Enslaved.|
- Official website
- Enslaved on Myspace
- Enslaved discography at MusicBrainz
- "On the Road to Spread the Word of Good, Old-Fashioned Evil," The New York Times, 8 November 2007 (review of Enslaved's concert in Allentown, Pennsylvania).
- Interview with Grutle Kjellson
- "Album Review: Enslaved RIITIIR" www.MetalMouth.Net, 8th Sept 2012