Ensley High School
Ensley High School, located in the Ensley neighborhood of Birmingham, Alabama (USA), was founded in 1901 to serve the then-independent community of Ensley, which was centered around major plants operated by U.S. Steel and the American Cast Iron Pipe Company. It began with classes held at the Old Bush School before the last building, designed by architect David O. Whilldin, was constructed in 1908. In 2006, Ensley High School was merged into newly-built Jackson-Olin High School.
Ensley High School was absorbed into the Birmingham City Schools when Ensley was annexed into the city in 1910. During its first decade, Ensley principal Roy Dimmitt compiled detailed statistical data on Ensley's male students in order to determine how much cigarette smoking affected their "efficacy". He found that the students who smoked were consistently outscored by their non-smoking counterparts. By his calculation almost two thirds of those who failed a year or withdrew from school were smokers. His findings were published in Henry Ford's 1914 anti-smoking volume "The Case Against the Little White Slaver."
In 1936 more than a hundred students at Ensley High School contracted food poisoning which was traced to profiteroles (cream puffs) purchased from a local bakery. The Jefferson County Department of Health, which had been unable to maintain their inspections program during the Depression, found conditions at the bakery to be "filthy". (Ford - 1914)
Previously an all-white school, Ensley High School was formally integrated, without major incident, in September 1964. Nevertheless, persistent racial segregation in the Birmingham area, especially after the loss of Ensley's major industries, made it so that the student body had become overwhelmingly African American by the mid 1970s. In recent decades the high school was repositioned as a "magnet school" within the Birmingham system.
Ensley Magnet High School was closed following the 2005-2006 academic year. In May 2006, the school's last graduating class, 134 strong, received their diplomas. In the fall of 2006, Ensley High School was merged into newly-built Jackson-Olin High School.
The last principal at Ensley High School was Ethel Knight. The school's colors were black and gold and their teams were known as the "Yellow Jackets".
In 1999 girl's basketball coach Roderick Jackson tried and failed to get the school and board of education to give his team access to the same equipment, transport, and funding enjoyed by the boy's teams. He was fired from his coaching job and sued under Title IX, 1972 federal legislation that requires non-discrimination in publicly funded education programs. Lower courts upheld the firing but the Supreme Court of the United States faulted their decisions and called for new hearings on the merits of the case.
 Notable graduates
- Cornelius Bennett (1983), Pro Bowl linebacker in the National Football League
- Charley Boswell, International Champion Blind Golfer
- Mary Buckelew, Jefferson County Commission
- Frank Moore Cross (1938), Biblical scholar
- Hank Erwin (1967), Alabama State Senate
- Charlie Finley, Owner of the Oakland Athletics
- Bobby Hayes, Mayor of Pelham, Alabama
- Abraham Jones (1985), (Stockbroker/Financial Advisor) Washington, DC
- Mike O'Berry, Former MLB player (Boston Red Sox, Chicago Cubs, Cincinnati Reds, California Angels, New York Yankees, Montreal Expos)
- Tony Petelos (1971), Mayor of Hoover, Alabama
- Jabo Waggoner (1955), Alabama State Senator
- Chuck Willis (1986), 2005 Milken National Educator Birmingham City Schools
- Torres, Ailene (2005) "A new beginning: Despite many challenges, students in Ensley defy the odds." Birmingham Post-Herald.
- Associated Press (November 26, 2004) "From Grimy Gym to Supreme Court"
- Walton, Val (May 27, 2006) "School is out for aging Ensley High School." Birmingham News.
- Jefferson County Department of Health. (no date) "History" - accessed July 22, 2006
- "Gangs Blamed in Shootings at Two Birmingham Schools." (March 3, 1994) Mobile Register.
- Ford, Henry (1914, revised 1916) "The Case Against the Little White Slaver" Detroit: self-published. - online copy accessed July 22, 2006