Sabayon Linux

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Sabayon Linux
Sabayon 5.4 logo.svg
Sabayon Linux with MATE.png
Sabayon Linux 11 with MATE
Developer Fabio Erculiani and Team
OS family Unix-like
Working state Current
Source model Mixed
Initial release 28 November 2005 (2005-11-28)
Latest release (Rolling release) 14.10 / 31 August 2014; 4 months ago (2014-08-31)
Update method Entropy (Equo, Rigo) / Emerge
Package manager Entropy (Equo, Rigo) / Portage
Platforms IA-32, x86-64
Kernel type Monolithic kernel (Linux)
Userland GNU
Default user interface GNOME, KDE, Xfce, MATE[1]
License Various; Mainly GPL
Official website www.sabayon.org

Sabayon Linux or Sabayon (formerly RR4 Linux and RR64 Linux), is a Gentoo-based Linux distribution created by Fabio Erculiani and the Sabayon development team. Sabayon follows the "out of the box" philosophy, aiming to give the user a wide number of applications ready to use and a self-configured operating system.

Sabayon Linux features a rolling release cycle, its own software repository and a package management system called Entropy. Sabayon is available in both x86 and AMD64 distributions and there is support for ARMv7 in development for the BeagleBone.[2]

It is named after an Italian dessert, zabaione which is made from eggs.[3] Sabayon's logo is an impression of a chicken foot.[4]

Editions[edit]

Since version 4.1, Sabayon has been released in two different flavors featuring either the GNOME or KDE desktop environments, with the ultralight Fluxbox environment included as well. (In the previous versions all three environments were included in a DVD ISO image).

Since Sabayon's initial release, additional versions of Sabayon have added four other X environments, including XFCE and LXDE. A CoreCD edition which featured a minimal install of Sabayon was released to allow the creation of spins of the Sabayon operating system;[5] however, this was later discontinued and replaced by CoreCDX (fluxbox window manager) and Spinbase (no X environment).[6] A ServerBase edition was released which features a server-optimized kernel and a small footprint.[7]

Daily build images are available to the Sabayon testers, but are released weekly to the public on the system mirrors containing stable releases. Official releases are simply DAILY versions which have received deeper testing. The adoption of Molecule[clarification needed] led the team to change the naming system for releases.[8]

Currently available versions are:

Name Desktop Environment Availability
CoreCD None No longer developed
CoreCDX Fluxbox DAILY and stable
G GNOME DAILY and stable
K KDE DAILY and stable
LXDE LXDE DAILY and stable
XFCE Xfce DAILY and stable
MATE MATE DAILY and stable
SpinBase None DAILY and stable
SpinBase OpenVZ Templates None DAILY and stable
ServerBase None DAILY and stable

Derivatives

Name Desktop Environment Availability
Sabayon Forensics[9] Xfce DAILY

Additional X window managers may also be installed from the Sabayon repositories, such as Cinnamon and Razor-qt.[10][11][12]

Configuration[edit]

Sabayon uses the same core components as the Gentoo Linux distribution. Sabayon now uses systemd. All of the Gentoo configuration tools, such as etc-update and eselect are fully functional. Sabayon also includes additional tools for automatic configuration of various system components such as OpenGL. Sabayon provides proprietary video drivers for both nVidia and ATI hardware.[13] These are enabled if compatible hardware is found; otherwise, the default open-source drivers are used. Because of the automatic driver configuration, the compositing window manager Compiz Fusion and KWin are used for the GNOME and KDE editions, respectively. The discovery and configuration of network cards, wireless cards, and webcams is similarly automatic. Most printers are detected automatically but require specific manual configuration through the CUPS interface.

Package management[edit]

Sabayon Linux relies on two package managers. Portage is inherited from Gentoo, while Entropy was developed for Sabayon. Portage downloads source-code and compiles it specifically for the target system, whereas Entropy manages binary files from servers. The binary tarball packages are precompiled using the Gentoo Linux unstable tree. Entropy clients then pull these tarballs and perform the various post- and pre-compilation calls of the Gentoo ebuild to set up a package correctly. This means the system is completely binary-compatible with a Gentoo system using the same build configuration. The adoption of two package managers allows expert users to access the full flexibility of the Gentoo system and others to easily and quickly manage software applications and updates. The Entropy software features the ability of allowing users to help generate relevant content by voting and by attaching images, files and web links to a package.

Rigo application browser is a new GUI front end to Entropy that is the successor to Sulfur (aka Entropy Store).[14] Taking on a "less is more" approach, Rigo is designed to be simple and fast. During an interview with Fabio Erculiani he described Rigo as a ”Google-like” Applications Management UI.[15] Rigo handles system updates, package searching, install/removal of packages, up/down voting of packages, and many other common Entropy tasks. Rigo is currently available in the sabayon weekly repository.

Applications[edit]

The number of applications installed by default is higher for DVD editions than for editions small enough to fit on a CD. Their selection is also tailored to the choice between GNOME, KDE, Xfce, and MATE. The XBMC environment can be run without loading the full desktop environment.

The following table summarizes the software included in GNOME, KDE, Xfce, and MATE versions:

Type of Program GNOME Version KDE Version Xfce Version MATE Version
BitTorrent Client Transmission - Transmission Transmission
E-mail Client Evolution KMail - -
IRC Client XChat Konversation XChat XChat
Compositing window manager Mutter KWin Xfwm Marco
Drop down terminal Guake Yakuake - -
Text editor gedit KWrite Leafpad Pluma
Image processing GIMP - GIMP -
Archive tool File Roller Ark File Roller Engrampa
Photo manager Shotwell Gwenview Shotwell Eye of MATE
Browser Chromium Chromium Midori Midori
Burning program Brasero K3b - -
Media Center XBMC XBMC - -
Media player Totem VLC media player Totem -
Instant messaging Empathy Kopete Pidgin -
Network Manager NM Applet KNetworkManager NM Applet NM Applet
Music Player Exaile Amarok Exaile Audacious
Office suite LibreOffice LibreOffice LibreOffice -
Virtual terminal GNOME Terminal Konsole Terminal MATE Terminal
Portable Document Format viewer Evince Okular ePDFView Atril

Considerable software is also available in the main repository.

Many Microsoft Windows executables are automatically run in Wine.

Other applications include Adobe Reader, Audacity, Clementine, aMSN, Celestia, Eclipse, FileZilla, GnuCash, Google Earth, Inkscape, Kdenlive, Mozilla Firefox, Mozilla Sunbird, Mozilla Thunderbird, Nero Burning ROM, Opera, Picasa, Skype, Teamviewer, VirtualBox, Vuze and Wireshark.

Games (open-source and proprietary) include Doom 3, Eternal Lands, Nexuiz, OpenArena, Quake, Quake 2, Quake 3, Quake 4, Sauerbraten, The Battle for Wesnoth, Tremulous, Unreal, Unreal Tournament, Urban Terror, Vendetta Online, Warsow, Warzone 2100, Wolfenstein: Enemy Territory, World of Padman and Xonotic.

Installation[edit]

Although the distribution is a LiveDVD (or a LiveCD for LXDE, CoreCDX, SpinBase and ServerBase) it can be installed on a hard disk once the system is fully booted. Sabayon Linux uses the Anaconda installer. In previous releases, the Gentoo Linux Installer was used. Installation is designed to be simpler than is typical for Gentoo, which requires more extensive knowledge of the operating system (particularly for the compilation of the Linux kernel). Installation takes up to 30 minutes depending on the speed of the DVD drive. Those without a DVD drive can install the GNOME and KDE versions through a USB drive, which can be created with Unetbootin. A program plays music during the boot process.

System requirements[edit]

Releases[edit]

Version Release Date Notes
3.0RC1b miniEdition 1 July 2006[16]
3.0RC2 16 August 2006[17] Distribution name switch from RR4 to Sabayon
miniEdition 3.0 RC2 24 August 2006[18]
3.0 14 September 2006[19]
miniEdition 3.0 26 September 2006[20]
miniEdition 3.05 4 October 2006[21]
3.1 10 October 2006[22]
miniEdition 3.1 9 October 2006[23]
3.2 27 November 2006[24]
3.2 miniEdition 11 December 2006[25]
3.25 2 January 2007[26]
3.26 8 January 2007[27]
3.3 16 March 2007[28]
3.3 miniEdition 25 March 2007[29]
3.4 Loop 1 13 April 2007[30]
3.4 Loop 2 18 May 2007[31]
3.4 Loop 3 26 June 2007[32]
1.0 "Business Edition" RE 15 July 2007[8]
3.4 24 July 2007[33]
3.4 Revision E 6 August 2007[34]
3.4 miniEdition 23 September 2007[35]
3.4 Revision F 7 September 2007[36]
1.1 Professional Edition 23 October 2007[37]
3.5 Loop 1 24 December 2007[38] First release including Entropy
3.5 Loop 2 17 March 2008[39]
3.5 Loop 3 15 May 2008[40]
3.5 1 July 2008[41] First stable release including entropy
Pod 3.5 11 July 2008[42]
3.5.1 9 November 2008[43]
4 Revision 1 25 December 2008[44]
4 LiteMCE 4 January 2009[45]
4.1 GNOME 13 April 2009[46] KDE and GNOME versions split off. ISO size changes from 4.7GB to 1.5-2GB.
4.1 KDE 29 April 2009[47]
4.2 GNOME 30 June 2009[48]
4.2 KDE 6 July 2009[49]
CoreCD 4.2 25 July 2009[50]
5.0 GNOME/KDE 2 October 2009[51]
5.1 GNOME/KDE 12 December 2009[52]
CoreCD 5.1 20 December 2009[53]
5.1 x86 GAMING EDITION 25 December 2009[54] Special Christmas versions containing only games
5.2 GNOME/KDE 26 March 2010[55]
5.3 GNOME/KDE 5 June 2010[56]
5.3 SpinBase 18 June 2010[57] Replaces the CoreCD
5.3 CoreCDX 18 June 2010[57] CoreCD with X and Fluxbox
5.3 LXDE/XFCE 19 July 2010[58] First stable version featuring LXDE/XFCE
5.3 SpinBase/OpenVZ Templates 19 July 2010[58] First stable version featuring ready to use OpenVZ templates
5.4 GNOME/KDE 30 September 2010[59]
5.5 GNOME/KDE 27 January 2011[60]
6 GNOME/KDE 23 June 2011[61]
7 GNOME/KDE/XFCE 11 October 2011
8 GNOME/KDE/XFCE 7 February 2012[10]
9 GNOME/KDE/XFCE 8 June 2012[62]
10 GNOME/KDE/XFCE/MATE 13 September 2012[63] First stable version featuring a MATE edition
11 GNOME/KDE/XFCE/MATE 15 February 2013[64]
13.04 GNOME/KDE/XFCE/MATE 30 April 2013[65]
13.08 GNOME/KDE/XFCE/MATE 12 August 2013[66] systemd adopted as default init system, GNOME 3.8
14.01 Gnome/KDE/XFCE/Mate 20 December 2013 Big Steam, Parallel Entropy, Long Term Stable versions

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]