Enumclaw, Washington

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
City of Enumclaw, Washington
City
City Hall and Municipal building
City Hall and Municipal building
Location of Enumclaw within King County, Washington
Location of Enumclaw within King County, Washington
Coordinates: 47°12′09″N 121°59′39″W / 47.20250°N 121.99417°W / 47.20250; -121.99417Coordinates: 47°12′09″N 121°59′39″W / 47.20250°N 121.99417°W / 47.20250; -121.99417
Country United States
State Washington
County King
Government
 • Mayor Liz Reynolds
Area[1]
 • Total 4.27 sq mi (11.06 km2)
 • Land 4.26 sq mi (11.03 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation 761 ft (232 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 10,669
 • Estimate (2013[3]) 11,479
 • Density 2,504.5/sq mi (967.0/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC−8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC−7)
ZIP code 98022
Area code(s) 360
FIPS code 53-22045
GNIS feature ID 1519366[4]
Website www.cityofenumclaw.net

Enumclaw Listeni/ˈnəmklɔː/ (US dict: ē′·nəm·klŏ) is a city in King County, Washington, United States. The population was 10,669 at the 2010 census.[5]

The Enumclaw Plateau, on which the city resides, was formed by a volcanic mudflow (lahar) from Mount Rainier approximately 5,700 years ago.[6]

The name Enumclaw is derived from a Salish Native American term that translates as "place of evil spirits", apparently referring to Enumclaw Mountain, located about 6 miles (9.7 km) to the north, and referring either to some evil incident that occurred there or to the frequent powerful windstorms that affect the region.[7][8] Native American mythology tells the story of two Pacific Northwest Native American brothers - Enumclaw and Kapoonis - whose father turned them into thunder and lightning respectively. The City of Enumclaw says the name means "thundering noise".[9]

History[edit]

One of the first white settlers in south King County was a man named Allen L. Porter. In 1853, he claimed a 320-acre (1.3 km2) parcel on the White River, about three miles (5 km) west of Enumclaw. He maintained a troubled relationship with the local Smalkamish tribe (some of the ancestors of the Muckleshoot tribe) for some time, and in 1855 his cabin was burned to the ground. Porter, who had been warned in advance by a friend in the tribe, hid in the woods until they had left. After warning the settlers at Fort Steilacoom, he left the area, moving to Roy. He would never returned to Enumclaw.[10]

Enumclaw itself was homesteaded in 1879 by Frank and Mary Stevenson. In 1885, the Northern Pacific Railroad routed their transcontinental mainline through the site, accepting their offer of cleared, level land on which to build a siding. Confident that the area would grow, the Stevensons filed a plat with King County that same year. They built a hotel and gave away lots for a saloon and a general store.

At first the people called the town 'Stevensonville' after the founders, but they soon refused the honor. One resident suggested 'Enumclaw', which was the name of the strange sawed-off promontory north of town. The name's uniqueness gained favor with the locals.

On January 11, 1895 Mount Baldy, a small peak above the town, erupted with tremendous noise and smoke, although no losses or damage were reported. Throughout the 1880s and 1890s the area was farmed for hops. When the hops crop failed due to pests and economic downturn, the residents turned to dairy farming, which has been a mainstay ever since. The first census listing Enumclaw in 1900 put the population at 483 people.

In the 1890s, the Northern Pacific Railroad re-routed their line through Palmer, a few miles to the east of town. In 1910, the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Railroad routed a branch line through Enumclaw.

The city was incorporated on January 27, 1913. In 1929, a much-anticipated route to Eastern Washington was opened across the Naches Pass Highway. In the 1950s Enumclaw Insurance Group greatly expanded its business and the home office became a major employer in the town. The company is an insurer doing business in Washington, Oregon, Idaho and Utah.

In 2005 the Enumclaw horse sex case occurred in a farm near Enumclaw, in unincorporated King County.[11] A Boeing aerospace engineer named Kenneth "Mr. Hands" Pinyan died after receiving anal sex from a horse.[12] The case and the surrounding media attention, led to Washington State banning bestiality.[13] A film titled Zoo is a documentary that chronicles the horse sex case.[12]

Old Enumclaw High School, built in 1921

Geography[edit]

Enumclaw is located at 47°12′9″N 121°59′39″W / 47.20250°N 121.99417°W / 47.20250; -121.99417 (47.202401, -121.994044).[14]

The city is located in the midst of flat, level farmlands and dairy farms in the east Puget Sound lowlands. The flat geography in the middle of mountainous territory is due to the ancient Osceola Mudflow from nearby Mount Rainier.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.27 square miles (11.06 km2), of which, 4.26 square miles (11.03 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.[1]

While Enumclaw is entirely located in King County, the city owns some park property within the boundaries of Pierce County.[15]

Climate[edit]

This region experiences warm (but not hot) and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Enumclaw has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps.[16]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 483
1910 1,129 133.7%
1920 1,378 22.1%
1930 2,084 51.2%
1940 2,627 26.1%
1950 2,789 6.2%
1960 3,269 17.2%
1970 4,703 43.9%
1980 5,427 15.4%
1990 7,227 33.2%
2000 11,116 53.8%
2010 10,669 −4.0%
Est. 2013 11,479 7.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[17]
2013 Estimate[18]

In the year 2000, the center of population of Washington State was located in an unincorporated part of King County, just northeast of town.[19]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 10,669 people, 4,420 households, and 2,793 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,504.5 inhabitants per square mile (967.0 /km2). There were 4,683 housing units at an average density of 1,099.3 per square mile (424.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 91.8% White, 0.5% African American, 1.0% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.9% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.6% of the population.

There were 4,420 households of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.9% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.8% were non-families. 30.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.00.

The median age in the city was 38.9 years. 24.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.8% were from 25 to 44; 26.9% were from 45 to 64; and 14.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.8% male and 52.2% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 11,116 people, 4,317 households, and 2,840 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,842.8 people per square mile (1,097.7/km²). There were 4,456 housing units at an average density of 1,139.6 per square mile (440.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.25% White, 0.79% Native American, 0.78% Asian, 0.30% African American, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 1.15% from other races, and 2.62% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.42% of the population. 16.6% were of German, 11.3% Irish, 10.3% English, 9.0% American, 7.6% Norwegian, and 5.9% Italian ancestry.

There were 4,317 households out of which 37.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.0% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.2% were non-families. 29.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the city the population was spread out with 29.2% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 18.3% from 45 to 64, and 14.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 91.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $43,820, and the median income for a family was $56,270. Males had a median income of $46,060 versus $30,926 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,596. About 4.3% of families and 8.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.3% of those under age 18 and 9.6% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

Enumclaw is one of just three cities in Washington with breed-specific legislation banning pit bull dogs within the city limits.[20]

The United States Postal Service operates the Enumclaw Post Office.[21]

Media[edit]

The town is home to the Enumclaw Courier-Herald newspaper. Enumclaw is also home to KGRG (1330 AM), a 500 watt AM college radio station licensed to the Green River Foundation and operated by Green River Community College in Auburn.

Health care[edit]

St. Elizabeth Hospital, part of the Franciscan Health System (a five-hospital organization based in Tacoma), is located in Enumclaw.[22] St. Elizabeth Hospital was included on the 2011 list of the 25 "Most Wired" small and rural hospitals in the nation for its use of information technology to support quality patient care and achieve operational efficiencies. [23]

Parks and recreation[edit]

The Enumclaw Expo Center annually hosts the King County Fair and the Pacific Northwest Scottish Highland Games,[24] among a number of other exhibitions and festivals. Since 2010, the Expo Center plays home to Creation Festival North-West,[25] the largest Christian Music Festival in the United States. The Olympic Kennel Club has the 5th largest dog show in the nation each year in August. The 72 acre facility has many areas that are available to rent for weddings, trade shows, conventions and other special events.

Education[edit]

The Enumclaw School District operates public schools for students living in the Enumclaw, Black Diamond, and Greenwater areas. Elementary schools in Enumclaw and serving portions of Enumclaw include Byron Kibler, Southwood, Sunrise, and Westwood. Some portions of Enumclaw are zoned to Enumclaw Middle School in Enumclaw, while some portions are zoned to Thunder Mountain Middle School in unincorporated King County.[26] All residents of Enumclaw are zoned to Enumclaw High School.

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-05-29. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 10 September 2012. 
  6. ^ "About Buckley". Cityofbuckley.com. Retrieved 2011-11-18. 
  7. ^ Brokenshire, Doug (1993). Washington State Place Names: From Alki to Yelm. Caxton Press. p. 70. ISBN 978-0-87004-356-7. Retrieved 11 December 2010. 
  8. ^ Mass, Cliff (2008). The Weather of the Pacific Northwest. University of Washington Press. pp. 160–162. ISBN 978-0-295-98847-4. 
  9. ^ Visitor Information, City of Enumclaw
  10. ^ There is Only One Enumclaw; Loise Ross Poppleton, 1995 Revised Edition; (self-published locally, there is no ISBN#)
  11. ^ Rick Anderson (November 9, 2005). "Closing the Barn Door". Seattle Weekly.  "Tait, a truck driver who lives near the Southeast 444th Street farm where the death occurred, "
  12. ^ a b Lewis, Gerrick. "Movie tracks man's mysterious death." The Lantern. Monday April 2, 2007. Updated on Saturday June 20, 2009. Retrieved on October 9, 2010.
  13. ^ Mudede, Charles (February–March 2006). "The Animal In You". The Stranger. Retrieved 2006-04-30. 
  14. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  15. ^ Pierce County Profile, Section 2, 2-7.
  16. ^ Climate Summary for Enumclaw, Washington
  17. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved July 25, 2013. 
  18. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved May 29, 2014. 
  19. ^ "Population and Population Centers by State: 2001". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2007-06-15. 
  20. ^ "Chapter 7.08 PIT BULL DOGS". Codepublishing.com. Retrieved 2011-11-18. 
  21. ^ "Post Office Location - ENUMCLAW." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on September 28, 2010.
  22. ^ "Hospital to operate under new name - Enumclaw Courier-Herald". Pnwlocalnews.com. 2010-09-20. Retrieved 2011-11-18. 
  23. ^ "St. Elizabeth Hospital Is Among 'Most Wired' In Nation". Franciscan Health System. 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2014-01-05. 
  24. ^ "Seattle Scottish Highland Games Association". Sshga.org. Retrieved 2011-11-18. 
  25. ^ "Creation 2012 | The Nation's Largest Christian Music Festival". Creationfest.com. Retrieved 2011-11-18. 
  26. ^ "Boundary Map." Enumclaw School District. Retrieved on September 28, 2010.
  27. ^ [1][dead link]

External links[edit]