Enviro-Capitalists: Doing Good While Doing Well
|Author||Terry Lee Anderson and Donald R. Leal|
|Publisher||Rowman & Littlefield|
|Media type||Print (Hardcover & Paperback)|
Enviro-Capitalists: Doing Good While Doing Well is a 1997 book written by economists Terry Lee Anderson and Donald R. Leal. In this book, Anderson and Leal further developed the concept of free market environmentalism, which they first described in their 1992 book Free Market Environmentalism. The book argues that privatization of sectors like wildlife conservation, aquatic habitat development and environment friendly housing is beneficial and environmental protection should be done by private entrepreneurs, not by the federal government. Enviro-Capitalists received the 1997 Choice Outstanding Academic Book Award.
The book is divided into nine chapters:
- Nature's Entrepreneurs
- Barons of Preservation
- Mavericks of Conservation
- The Business of Bambi
- Buy That Fish a Drink
- Going Global
- Community Spirit
- The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly
Criticism of traditional environmentalism
Enviro-Capitalists claims that traditional environmentalists are driven by political opportunism. According to the book, major environmentalist organizations, most of them headquartered in Washington, D.C., focus on politics, lobbying and fundraising, and people involved in these organizations spend their time in the United States Congress, not in the "wilds of nature". The book is critical of organizations like the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) and the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) who, it claims, are driven by political and financial agendas rather than environmentalism.
The book documents the activities and individual case studies of environmental entrepreneurs and enviro-capitalists like Tom Bourland, Peter S. O'Neil, Frank Crisafulli, Zach Willy, Andrew Parkey, Hugh Macrae, Tom Cade, Bob Elgas, Dalle Miller, Bob O'Brien, Greg Koonce, Dayton Hyde.
According to a review by economist Bruce Yandle in The Freeman, the authors of the book Enviro-Capitalists: Doing Good While Doing Well, instead of depending on theories of free market environmentalism, emphasized the activities of historical and current entrepreneurs who invested in the environmental sector. How entrepreneurs have found niche markets for the conservation of species like the Peregrine Falcon is explained in the book. Yandle writes that those who mistakenly came to the conclusion that capitalism destroys nature will "find their prejudices strongly challenged" after going through this book. According to him, Enviro-Capitalists will convince the readers that entrepreneurs, if not delayed or discouraged by the government, are able to deliver environmental quality just as they deliver necessary features of life like food, clothing, communications, health care and others. Yandle concludes that this book proves the traditional assumption, that the government is the only solution for wildlife conservation, is wrong.
Gregory Dunn, writing for the Religion & Liberty, a magazine published by the Acton Institute, noted that the book builds upon Anderson and Leal's earlier book Free Market Environmentalism. He writes that Enviro-Capitalists respects private and creative initiatives for the purpose of achieving environmental goals. According to Dunn, "Enviro-Capitalism is a persuasive argument that such an environment is not that of the heavy-handed approach of state regulation but a regime of markets, private property, and rule of law."
Michael E. Zimmerman wrote in Strategies: Journal of Theory, Culture & Politics that the book notes the difficulty of reconciling environmental protection and profit-seeking as profit seekers do not always consider the long-term positive effects of conservation, but at the same time the book pointed out that the passing of legislation for the national park system, including the Yellowstone National Park, was the result of lobbying efforts of people knows as "robber barons".
- Yandle, Bruce (February 1, 1999). "Enviro-Capitalists: Doing Good While Doing Well by Terry A. Anderson and Donald R. Leal: Capitalism and Environmentalism Go Hand in Hand". The Freeman (Irvington-on-Hudson, New York: Foundation for Economic Education).
- Schneider 2008, p. 121
- Anderson & Leal 1997, p. Backcover
- "Enviro-Capitalists: Doing Good While Doing Well". United States: Ecosystem Marketplace. Retrieved 23 January 2010.
- Leal 2005, p. 267
- "Director of Research Donald R. Leal". Property and Environment Research Center. Retrieved 23 January 2010.
- Leal & Meiners 2002, p. 207
- Anderson & Leal 1997, p. V
- Anderson & Leal 1997, p. 2
- Anderson & Leal 1997, p. 4
- Anderson & Leal 1997, p. 12
- Anderson & Leal 1997, p. 16
- Anderson & Leal 1997, p. 18
- Anderson & Leal 1997, p. 33
- Anderson & Leal 1997, p. 52
- Anderson & Leal 1997, p. 54
- Anderson & Leal 1997, p. 104
- Anderson & Leal 1997, p. 109
- Dobson, Andrew. Environmental Values 7 (November, 1998).
- "What Works: Enviro-Capitalists". Policy Review (Stanford, California: Hoover Institution) (March & April 1997).
- Dunn, Gregory. "Enviro-Capitalists" (PDF). Religion & Liberty (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Acton Institute) (May and June, 1998): 13–14. Retrieved 23 January 2010.[dead link]
- Zimmerman, Michael E. (2000). "A Strategic Direction for 21st Century Environmentalists: Free Market Environmentalism" (PDF). Strategies: Journal of Theory, Culture & Politics 13 (May 2000): 89–110. doi:10.1080/10402130050007548. Retrieved January 23, 2010.
- Anderson, Terry L.; Leal, Donald R. (1997). Enviro-Capitalists: Doing Good While Doing Well. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 978-0-8476-8382-6.
- Leal, Donald; Meiners, Roger E. (2002). Government vs. Environment. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 978-0-7425-2181-0.
- Leal, Donald (2005). Evolving Property Rights in Marine Fisheries. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 978-0-7425-3494-0.
- Schneider, Nicholas (2008). A Breath of Fresh Air: The State of Environmental Policy in Canada. The Fraser Institute. ISBN 978-0-88975-241-2.
- Fox, Glenn (July 27, 2007). "Enviro-Capitalists: Doing Good While Doing Well". Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics (Canadian Agricultural Economics Society) 50 (2): 221–222. doi:10.1111/j.1744-7976.2002.tb00429.x.
- Hale, Bejamin (July 27, 2007). "Private Property and Environmental Ethics: Some New Directions". Metaphilosophy (Metaphilosophy LLC and Blackwell Publishing Ltd) 39 (3): 402–421. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9973.2008.00550.x.
- "'Enviro-capitalists,' Public Profit from Wilderness Conservation". Environment & Climate News (The Heartland Institute) (January 1999). January 1, 1999.
- Berthelsen, Knud Edmund (February 27, 2005). "Øko-nomi, Miljø-kapitalisme, og Frimarkedsmiljøvern". Civita (in Bokmål).