Environmental stewardship refers to responsible use and protection of the natural environment through conservation and sustainable practices. Aldo Leopold (1887–1948) championed environmental stewardship based on a land ethic "dealing with man's relation to land and to the animals and plants which grow upon it."
Resilience-based ecosystem stewardship 
Resilience-Based Ecosystem Stewardship emphasizes resilience as a basic feature of the changing world, ecosystems that provide a suite of ecosystem services rather than a single resource, and stewardship that recognizes resource managers as an integral part of the systems they manage. Resilience refers to the ability of a system to absorb disturbance and still maintain its basic function and structure.
See also 
- ^ Leopold, Aldo. 1949. A Sand County Almanac. Oxford University Press, New York.
- ^ Chapin, F. Stuart III, Gary P. Kofinas, and Carl Folke (eds). 2009. Principles of Ecosystem Stewardship: Resilience-Based Natural Resource Management in a Changing World. Springer. ISBN 978-0387730325.
- ^ Walker, Brian, and David Salt. 2006. Resilience Thinking: Sustaining Ecosystems and People in a Changing World. Island Press. ISBN 978-1597260930.