Enzkreis

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Enz
District
Baden-Württemberg PF (district).svg
Country  Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Adm. region Karlsruhe
Capital Pforzheim
Area
 • Total 573.92 km2 (221.59 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2012)[1]
 • Total 192,092
 • Density 330/km2 (870/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Vehicle registration PF
Website http://www.enzkreis.de

Enzkreis is a district (Kreis) in the north-west of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Neighboring districts are (from west clockwise) Karlsruhe, Heilbronn, Ludwigsburg, Böblingen and Calw. The district-free Pforzheim area in the south is nearly completely surrounded by Enz.

History[edit]

The district was created in 1973, when the previous district Pforzheim was merged with parts of the neighboring districts Vaihingen, Leonberg and Calw. Some part of the district Pforzheim was included into the city Pforzheim.

The district Pforzheim dates back to 1939, when the Bezirksamt Pforzheim was split into the district and the district-free city.

Geography[edit]

The south of the Enz district covers the northern part of the Black Forest. In the north-west of the district is the Kraichgau, a mainly agricultural area. The main river is the Enz, a tributary of the Neckar.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Since March 1993 the district has an official partnership with the Italian province Reggio Emilia. Since 1996 the district has a partnership with the Polish city Mysłowice.[2] As two municipalities left the city in a communal reform in 1995, the partnership also includes Imielin and Chelm Slaski. In March 2001 the Enz district together with the city Pforzheim started a friendship with the Hungarian Komitat Györ-Moson-Sopron.

Coat of arms[edit]

Coat of arms The four diamonds in the coat of arms represent the four historic territories covered by the district, Schwarzwald, Heckengäu, Kraichgau and Stromberg. The wavy line in the middle represent the river Enz, which also gave the name to the district.

Cities and towns[edit]

Cities Towns
  1. Heimsheim
  2. Knittlingen
  3. Maulbronn
  4. Mühlacker
  5. Neuenbürg
  1. Birkenfeld (Enz)
  2. Eisingen
  3. Engelsbrand
  4. Friolzheim
  5. Illingen (Enz)
  6. Ispringen
  7. Kämpfelbach
  8. Keltern
  9. Kieselbronn
  10. Königsbach-Stein
  11. Mönsheim
  12. Neuhausen (Enz)
  1. Neulingen
  2. Niefern-Öschelbronn
  3. Ölbronn-Dürrn
  4. Ötisheim
  5. Remchingen
  6. Sternenfels
  7. Straubenhardt
  8. Tiefenbronn
  9. Wiernsheim
  10. Wimsheim
  11. Wurmberg
Administrative districts
  1. Heckengäu
  2. Kämpfelbachtal
  3. Maulbronn
  4. Mühlacker
  5. Neuenbürg
  6. Neulingen

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31.12.2012 (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)". Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 12 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Mysłowiceown Council (2011). "Mysłowice Partner Towns". myslowice.pl. Retrieved 17 May 2011. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°54′N 8°45′E / 48.9°N 8.75°E / 48.9; 8.75